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14 judgments found.


Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v. Republic of Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2013
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 328/06
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Poverty, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The state of Cabinda was declared annexed by Angola without any Cabindan participation in 1975. Despite protests by the Cabindan people, Angola exercised sovereignty over Cabinda. Groups in Cabinda attempted to re-claim autonomy of their country in 2002, but Angola undertook a massive military campaign against them. Angola’s large military force committed numerous documented human …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Low income, Military, Poor, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

The Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case deals with the destruction of the Mayan community of Río Negro by a series of massacres perpetrated by the Guatemalan army and members of the civil self-defence patrols in 1980 and 1982 which, according to the IACmHR, included the persecution and elimination of members of the Mayan community, subsequent violations directed against the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Assault, Budget, Child development, Children, Health promotion, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Public hospital, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Artavia Murillo et al. v. Costa Rica

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case alleged human rights violations resulting from Costa Rica’s prohibition on the practice of in vitro fertilization (“IVF”), which had been in effect in Costa Rica since 2000, following a ruling of the Constitutional Chamber of the Costa Rican Supreme Court of Justice (“Constitutional Chamber”) in which it was held that IVF violated the right to …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Law and Advocacy for Women in Uganda v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2010] UGCC 4; Constitutional Petition No. 8 of 2007
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Petitioner NGO brought a petition requesting that the Court declare that the act of female genital mutilation (FGM) was in violation of various articles of the Uganda Constitution.  The Petitioner argued that FGM was practiced extensively by the certain Ugandan tribes, and that FGM was crudely carried out, involved excruciating pain, could lead to death, …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Degrading treatment, Female genital mutilation, Hepatitis, HIV, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Torture, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Titiahonjo v. Cameroon

Country: Cameroon
Year: 2007
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: CCPR/C/91/D/1186/2003
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The author of the communication was the wife of the alleged victim, a Cameroon citizen. The author alleged that a group of police officers broke into her house without a warrant, claiming to be looking for a gun,  and began beating her husband (as well as battering the author, who was in an advanced state …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assault, Childbirth, Cleanliness, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Cyprus v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 25781/94; (2002) 35 EHRR 30; [2001] ECHR 327
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Cyprus lodged an application against Turkey for alleged violations of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the “Convention”) which occurred during and after the Turkish military operations in Cyprus in 1974 and the subsequent 1983 establishment of the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”). Cyprus alleged that Turkey was responsible …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants
Download Judgment: English Albanian French Turkish

Lalonde v. Ontario (Commission de Restructuration des Services de Santé)

Country: Canada
Year: 2001
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 56 OR (3d) 505; 208 DLR (4th) 577 (Ont CA)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Montfort Hospital appealed the Healthcare Services Restructuring Committee’s (HSRC) decision to transfer services away from the hospital. Montfort was a full-service, general hospital in Ontario that operated, trained health-care professionals and provided services in French on a full-time basis, servicing a large francophone population in eastern Ontario. Exercising its authority under the Public Hospitals Act, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health regulation, Health spending, Primary care, Public hospitals, Secondary care, Social security, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Bulankulama and six others v. The Secretary, Ministry of Industrial Development and seven others

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: SC Application No 884/99 (FR), unreported
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The respondents entered into a draft agreement with a leading US mining company for the exploration of phosphate deposits in Eppawela, an agriculturally developed area of great historical importance and archaeological value. The proposed area of exploration was described as land ‘initially covering 56 square kilometers’. The petitioners, residents of Eppawela, started proceedings in the …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Malaria, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Enxet-Lamenxay & Kayleyphapopyet (Riachito) v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Case 11.713, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 90/99, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.106Doc. 6 rev. (1999).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In 1991, representatives of the indigenous Enxet-Lamenxay and Kayleyphapopyet-Riachito communities commenced administrative proceedings against the Government of Paraguay to recover what they claimed was ancestral land that Paraguay had largely sold to foreigners in the years between 1885 and 1950. The petitioners described the land as “their main sustenance came from hunting, fishing, and gathering.” The …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Diet, Food, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Low income, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Primary care, Refugees, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Cruz del Valle Bermúdez, et al. v. Ministerio de Sanidad y Asistencia Social (MSAS)

Country: Venezuela
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Sentencia No. 196
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The petitioners were a group of persons living with HIV. They filed a writ of amparo against Venezuela’s Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (the Ministry). The Petitioners asked the Court to enjoin the Ministry to provide, free of charge: (1) the regular and periodic delivery of antiretroviral drugs and medication for opportunistic diseases; (2) …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Awareness, Budget, Diagnostics, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, HIV, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Social security, STDs, STIs, Testing
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 94-343/344 DC

Country: France
Year: 1994
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°94-343/344 DC, 27 July 1994
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The Speaker of the National Assembly and sixty-eight deputies lodged a constitutional challenge in the Conseil Constitutionnel against several controversial provisions in the field of reproductive health. These were articles 8, 9, 10, 12 and 14 of law n°75-17, Loi relative au respect du corps humain et loi relative au don et à l’utilisation des …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Assisted reproductive technology, Counseling, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English French German

Chief Bernard Ominayak, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1984
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 167/1984: U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/38/D/167/1984 (1990)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Chief Bernard Ominayak (the “author”) was the leader and representative of the Lubicon Lake Band (the “Band”), a Cree Indian Band living in the Province of Alberta in Canada. He argued that the State party expropriated Lubicon land for commercial interest despite its recognition that the Band members had the right to continue their traditional …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Childbirth, Clean water, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Environmental degradation, Food, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Miscarriage, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English
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