Nedescu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 70035/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife and wanted to try assisted reproduction at a private clinic. The applicant’s embryos were obtained and freezed for future use by the applicant. A criminal investigation led to the closure of the said clinic. During that process, all genetic material including the applicant’s embryos were transferred to a forensic …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Clinics, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care techn, Health care workers, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Paradiso and Campanelli v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 034 (2017)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband (Campanelli) and wife (Paradiso). After unsuccessful attempts at having a child, they registered themselves as prospective adoptive parents and obtained court approval to adopt a foreign child. Due to delays in the adoption, the applicants decided to resort to surrogacy arrangements. A surrogate mother was found in Russia and the applicants …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Child, Children, Clinics, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA-Kenya) & 3 Ors. v. Attorney General & 2 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 266 of 2015
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

The Director of Medical Services issued a letter on December 3, 2013 and a memo on February 24, 2014 to “All Health Workers” that directed them not to participate in training on safe abortion practice and threatened legal action for non-compliance. The Federation of Women Lawyers filed suit, stating that the letter and memo had …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Parrillo v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46470/11
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant, Parrillo, claimed that a legislative ban preventing her from donating embryos conceived in vitro to scientific research violated her rights to respect for private life and peaceful enjoyment of her possessions under Article 8 and Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization
Download Judgment: English

The Queen (on the application of IM and MM) v. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, Administrative Court
Citation: Case No. CO/3077/2014; [2015] EWHC 1706 (Admin)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

The issue of the case was whether AM, deceased daughter of IM and MM, gave sufficient informed consent to export her gametes to the U.S. to be fertilized there using a donor selected by her parents and used in the treatment of in vitro fertilization of her mother, IM. Even if it found that AM …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Cancer, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

B., A. S. et al. v. DIBA

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: B. 280. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Social Security and Health Office of the Navy [DIBA – Dirección de Salud y Acción Social de la Armada] to condemn coverage for all expenditures that could arise from a reproductive assisted treatment in the PROAR Medical Institute, limiting the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, sexual and reproductive rights
Download Judgment: Spanish

K., C. N. v. OSECAC

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: K. 12. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights protection (amparo protection) against the Health Insurance of Commerce and Civil Activities Employees (Obra Social de los Empleados de Comercio y Actividades Civiles – OSECAC) to condemn coverage of all expenditures that could arise from reproductive assisted therapy in the egg donation process. The First …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish

V., C. G. v. I. A. P. O. S.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: V. 118. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the IAPOS (Instituto Autárquico Provincial de Obras Sociales) to provide coverage for all expenditures that could arise from a reproductive assisted treatment and to cover the amounts paid for such treatment. The First Instance Civil and Commercial Court granted the amparo protection. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Health regulation, Health spending, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: Spanish

Artavia Murillo et al. v. Costa Rica

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case alleged human rights violations resulting from Costa Rica’s prohibition on the practice of in vitro fertilization (“IVF”), which had been in effect in Costa Rica since 2000, following a ruling of the Constitutional Chamber of the Costa Rican Supreme Court of Justice (“Constitutional Chamber”) in which it was held that IVF violated the right to …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Costa and Pavan v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 54270/10
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Following the birth of their first child, the applicants, Costa and Pavan, discovered that they were carriers of cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease. Their child was born with the disease. A prenatal test confirmed that their second child was also affected by cystic fibrosis. They decided to terminate the pregnancy on medical grounds. The applicants …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Assisted reproductive technology, Genetic disease, In vitro fertilization, Noncommunicable diseases, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English
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