33 judgments found.

Nedescu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 70035/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife and wanted to try assisted reproduction at a private clinic. The applicant’s embryos were obtained and freezed for future use by the applicant. A criminal investigation led to the closure of the said clinic. During that process, all genetic material including the applicant’s embryos were transferred to a forensic …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Clinics, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care techn, Health care workers, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Case EKD/0077/11/12

Country: Armenia
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Cassation (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Վճռաբեկ դատարան)
Citation: Case No. ‘ԵԿԴ/0077/11/12’
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Arman Antonyan, the son of the applicant Susanna Antonyan, died upon receiving treatment at a medical institution. A. Antonyan’s death was caused by acute liver failure resulted from the fulminant viral malignant hepatitis B. On May 31, 2010, S. Antonyan reported to the RA General Prosecutor’s Office that after her son A. Antonyan received treatment …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Infertility, Negligence, Public hospitals, Testing
Download Judgment: English Armenian

Case of Mennesson v. France

Country: France
Year: 2013
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 65192/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife who opted for a surrogacy arrangement in California as the second applicant had infertility issues. The Supreme Court of California ruled that the first applicant would be the genetic father and the second applicant would be the legal mother of any child the surrogate mother gave birth to within …Read more

Tags: Children, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Surrogacy
Download Judgment: English

Csoma v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No.8759/05
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, Ms. Julia Kinga Csoma, alleged that her gynecologist had committed “grievous unintentional bodily harm and negligence” due to serious medical errors in her treatment. Csoma became pregnant in January 2002.  Her pregnancy was monitored by a gynecologist at the town hospital where Csoma worked as a nurse.  The fetus was diagnosed with hydrocephalus, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health records, Infertility, Informed choice, Medical records, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Artavia Murillo et al. v. Costa Rica

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case alleged human rights violations resulting from Costa Rica’s prohibition on the practice of in vitro fertilization (“IVF”), which had been in effect in Costa Rica since 2000, following a ruling of the Constitutional Chamber of the Costa Rican Supreme Court of Justice (“Constitutional Chamber”) in which it was held that IVF violated the right to …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

I.G. and Others v. Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 15966/04
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to family life
Facts:

Three applicants of Roma ethnic origin were all sterilized in a public hospital during Caesarean section deliveries. The first applicant was not told that she had been sterilized. After the delivery, a doctor asked her to sign a document that all women who had Caesarean sections had to sign. Five days after the delivery she …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

N.B. v Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: N.B. v Slovakia, App. No. 29518/10, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2012).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

Ms. N.B. was of Roma ethnic origin. She was sterilized at a public hospital, at the age of 17, during the birth of her second child. Ms. N.B. asserted that she had been coerced into signing authorizations for her sterilization, that she was segregated within the hospital due to her ethnicity and that the decision …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, In utero fertilization, Inappropriate treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case Р-673/2011

Country: Belarus
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

Exercising its preliminary control duties, Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus, considered the constitutionality of amendments to the Law of the Republic of Belarus on Auxiliary Reproductive Technologies. This law regulated various assisted reproductive treatments. Such treatments were available to women over the age of 18 if they had full legal capacity, had undergone …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Childbirth, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English Belarusian

Jocelyn Edwards

Country: Australia
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court of New South Wales
Citation: (2011) 81 NSWLR 198; [2011] NSWSC 478
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Hospitals, Informed consent, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to property
Facts:

Jocelyn and Mark Edwards were happily married and intended to have a child. They encountered some difficulties in conceiving and consulted a fertility clinic. Both subsequently agreed to in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Mark had earlier expressed the importance to him of Jocelyn having their child before he was “unable” to, which was positively supported …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Cancer, Clinics, Contraceptives, Fertility, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Informed choice, Occupational accident, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

S.H. v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 57813/00
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The four applicants in this case were two couples suffering from infertility. The first couple included a woman who suffered from fallopian-tube-related infertility, which prevented ova from passing into her uterus, and her husband, who was infertile. The second couple included a woman who suffered from agonadism, which means she did not produce ova at …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Family planning, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English
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