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173 judgments found.


Ibrogimov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 32248/12
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicant, born in Uzbekistan. His family (except him) acquired Russian nationality but he continued to live with his grandfather in Uzbekistan. After his grandfather died, he moved to Russia in 2011. He was found to be HIV-positive and the authority denied his applicant for temporary residency. His challenges to the orders were dismissed and …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Nedescu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 70035/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife and wanted to try assisted reproduction at a private clinic. The applicant’s embryos were obtained and freezed for future use by the applicant. A criminal investigation led to the closure of the said clinic. During that process, all genetic material including the applicant’s embryos were transferred to a forensic …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Clinics, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care techn, Health care workers, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

X v. Timor-Leste

Country:
Year: 2018
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Citation: Communication NO. 88/2015
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff Ms. X was a Timorese national. She was convicted for the crime of aggravated homicide for fatally stabbing her partner, D.S. with whom she had a child. D.S., who was a member of the Timor-Leste Defense Force was contended to have had physically abused the Plaintiff for years and she alleged self-defense after …Read more

Tags: Timor-Leste
Download Judgment: English

Erdinç Kurt and Others v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 50772/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ daughter suffered from cardiac problems when she was 1 year old and received treatment for it in children’s hospital. The first applicant (father) signed a consent form for a surgery of her daughter. The consent form entailed the risks. A further operation was conducted after obtaining a similar form from the father. After …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Infant health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Non-pecuniary damage, Pediatric health, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

Paradiso and Campanelli v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 034 (2017)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband (Campanelli) and wife (Paradiso). After unsuccessful attempts at having a child, they registered themselves as prospective adoptive parents and obtained court approval to adopt a foreign child. Due to delays in the adoption, the applicants decided to resort to surrogacy arrangements. A surrogate mother was found in Russia and the applicants …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Child, Children, Clinics, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals
Download Judgment: English

The Center for Health, Human Rights and Development & Ors. v. The Executive Director, Mulago National Referal Hospital & Anr.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2017
Court: The High Court of Uganda at Kampala
Citation: Civil Suit No. 212 of 2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

The 2nd and 3rd plaintiffs are husband and the wife. The 2nd plaintiff delivered two babies in the defendant hospital’s general ward but was discharged with only one baby. The defendants state that one of the babies was stillborn. The 2nd and the 3rd plaintiffs filed a police report for the loss their baby and …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Disclosure, Emergency care, Freedom of information, Health care technology, Health data, Health facilities, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Medical records, Minor, Non-disclosure, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Novruk and others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 31039/11, 48511/11, 76810/12, 14618/13 and 13817/14
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The first applicant-Novruk, a Moldovian national after his first marriage and divorce, married Ms. S, a Russian national. The applicant discovered that he was HIV positive. Ms. S had a daughter from previous marriage and also was a foster mother to nine orphaned children. Some of the children were HIV positive. The applicant applied for …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Vasileva v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23796/10
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

The applicant suffered from cancer and underwent mastectomy of her left breast. After two years, she experienced pain in the left side of her chest. After undergoing two bone scintigraphies, a pathological uptake of radioactive tracer was found in her sixth rib. A computerized tomography showed metastasis in the eighth and the ninth rib contrary …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cancer, Diagnostics, Examination, Health care technology, Testing
Download Judgment: English

The Queen (on the application of IM and MM) v. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, Administrative Court
Citation: Case No. CO/3077/2014; [2015] EWHC 1706 (Admin)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

The issue of the case was whether AM, deceased daughter of IM and MM, gave sufficient informed consent to export her gametes to the U.S. to be fertilized there using a donor selected by her parents and used in the treatment of in vitro fertilization of her mother, IM. Even if it found that AM …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Cancer, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

Lambert and Ors. v. France

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46043/14
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants appealed a decision to terminate artificial nutrition and hydration for their son, who was in a chronic vegetative state. In 2013, Mr. Lambert’s doctor and wife initiated proceedings to terminate care under the Act of 22 April 2005 (“Act”), which amended provisions of the Public Health Code (“Code”). However, the applicants received an …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

The Queen (on the application of JK) v. Registrar General for England and Wales

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] EWHC 990 (Admin)
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant was a male-to-female transgendered woman who challenged the requirement that she was recorded as the father on her children’s birth certificates. Following the birth of her daughter, but before the birth of her son, the Claimant decided to live as a man and changed her name to a female name. The Claimant was …Read more

Tags: Gender identity, Gender reassignment, Homosexual, LGBTI, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual orientation, Tags: Gay, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Obergefell v. Hodges

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. ____ (2015); 135 S. Ct. 2584
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were same-sex couples from various U.S. states who challenged the constitutionality of bans on same-sex marriage in those states. They claimed that the bans violated the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Due Process Clause protects individuals from the arbitrary denial of life, …Read more

Tags: Bisexual, Domestic partnership, Gay, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Queer, Sexual orientation, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Urgenda Foundation v. The State of the Netherlands (Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment)

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2015
Court: Hague District Court (Chamber for Commercial Affairs)
Citation: C/09/456689
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff Urgenda, a foundation committed to a more sustainable society, brought a claim on behalf of over 800 individuals against the defendant, the state of the Netherlands, regarding climate change. Specifically, the plaintiff asked the court to rule that it would be unlawful for the defendant not to reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Climate change, Environmental degradation, Global warming, Harm reduction, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Dutch

Millicent Awuor Omuya& 1 Or. v. Attorney General & 4 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 562 of 2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The petitioners were two women who gave birth and were detained by Pumwani Hospital when they could not pay maternity fees in full upon discharge. The first petitioner was referred to the hospital with a potential breech birth and was detained for 24 days after discharge when she was unable to pay her hospital bill. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Caesarean, Childbirth, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Elberte v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 005 (2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s husband died in a car accident. She saw her husband’s body when he was transported from the Forensic department. His legs were tied and he was buried like that. After two years, criminal inquiry into illegal removal of organs and tissues were ensued by the Police. The applicant was told that her husband …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clinics, Disclosure, Emergency care, Examination, Health care technology, Health facilities, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Standard of care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

A.K. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 33011/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

After giving birth to a child with Down syndrome, the Petitioner (a forty years old woman) alleged that she was denied adequate and timely medical care in the form of antenatal screening tests. She claimed that her doctor failed to refer her for proper prenatal testing in accordance with the medical protocols in place. According to …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

I.V. v. Bolivia (Merits)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 72/14, Case 12.655; Merits I.V. BOLIVIA; August 15, 2014
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

I.V. went to a hospital for a cesarean section and was sterilized by her doctor. She alleged that the only questions that the doctor had asked her before the procedure were where she had her first cesarean section and whether she had previously had an infection. I.V. maintained that she was not given any information …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Brincat and Ors. v. Malta

Country: Malta
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 60908/11, 62110/11, 62129/11, 62312/11 and 62338/11
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to life
Facts:

From 1968 to early 2003 the applicants were employees at the state-owned Malta Drydocks Corporation (MDC), where they alleged they were exposed to asbestos. The applicants also alleged that the asbestos particles settled in their clothing and were carried home, affecting their private life. Asbestos had been known to be dangerous since the 1950s, however, …Read more

Tags: Asbestos, Cancer, Industrial hygiene, Noncommunicable diseases, Occupational health and safety, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English

B., A. S. et al. v. DIBA

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: B. 280. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Social Security and Health Office of the Navy [DIBA – Dirección de Salud y Acción Social de la Armada] to condemn coverage for all expenditures that could arise from a reproductive assisted treatment in the PROAR Medical Institute, limiting the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, sexual and reproductive rights
Download Judgment: Spanish

V., C. G. v. I. A. P. O. S.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: V. 118. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the IAPOS (Instituto Autárquico Provincial de Obras Sociales) to provide coverage for all expenditures that could arise from a reproductive assisted treatment and to cover the amounts paid for such treatment. The First Instance Civil and Commercial Court granted the amparo protection. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Health regulation, Health spending, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: Spanish

Petrova v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 181 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s son at the age of 23 was in a car accident and sustained very serious injuries. He had to be operated on but his condition became worse after her surgery and he died. After a few months, she discovered that her son’s kidneys and spleen had been removed for organ transplantation after his …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Degrading treatment, Emergency care, Health facilities, Inhuman treatment, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Lashin v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 33117/02; [2013] ECHR 63
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Lashin, a Russian citizen, was diagnosed with schizophrenia, given a 2nd degree disability status, and hospitalised multiple times. A hospital examination concluded that Lashin was incapable of understanding the meaning of his actions and unable to control them. Following an application by the public prosecutor, the District Court of Omsk declared Lashin legally incapacitated at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

G.B. and R.B. v. The Republic of Moldova

Country: Moldova
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 16761/09
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

Plaintiffs in this case were husband and wife. When G.B. was giving birth at the Stefan-Vodă regional hospital, a state-owned regional hospital, the head of the obstetrics and gynecology department preformed a Caesarean section on her and removed her ovaries and Fallopian tubes without obtaining her permission. As a result, G.B. suffered early menopause and …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compensation, Compulsory sterilization, Damages, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Involuntary sterilization, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damages, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Zorica Jovanovic v. Serbia

Country: Serbia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 21794/08; [2013] EHCR 21794/08.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to family life
Facts:

This case is about the Serbian government’s response to the “missing babies” of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. In 1983, Zorica Jovanovic gave birth to a healthy baby boy in a state-run hospital. Three days later, while still in the hospital, she was informed that he had died. She never saw him again. When she …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Freedom of information, Health records, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Z v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46132/08
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s pregnant daughter died in 2004 of septic shock at Barlicki Hospital in Poland. The applicant alleged her daughter’s death was caused by negligence and filed claims under the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”) for violation of her daughter’s rights to life under Article 2, to freedom from …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Conscientious objection, Degrading treatment, Disclosure, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Negligence, Pregnancy; Termination of pregnancy, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

P. and S. v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 57375/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were a Polish girl who was raped at the age of 14, resulting in pregnancy, and her mother. The applicants alleged that, when they sought an abortion, which is legal under Polish law for pregnancy resulting from rape, hospital staff attempted to dissuade the girl from having an abortion. At one hospital, she …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Conscientious objection, Counseling, Disclosure, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

B. v. Romania (no. 2)

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 1285/03
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, M.B., filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights for a violation of (1) laws concerning compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals and (2) laws concerning decisions in child-rearing where the parent or guardian’s mental capacity is in question. M.B. was diagnosed in 2000 with paranoid schizophrenia. As a result of her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Counselling, Disabled, Forced examination, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Inglis v. British Columbia (Minister of Public Safety)

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: British Columbia Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 BCSC 2309
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Poverty, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The plaintiffs brought a case before the British Columbia Supreme Court following the 2006-2007 decision by the Ministry of Public Safety to cancel the Mother Baby Program at the Alouette Correctional Centre for Women, a women’s prison. This program had allowed incarcerated mothers and their babies to live at the institution together, subject to the …Read more

Tags: Breastfeeding, Child development, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Infant health, Inmate, Jail, Low income, Maternal health, Pediatric health, Poor, Prison conditions, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case of Mennesson v. France

Country: France
Year: 2013
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 65192/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife who opted for a surrogacy arrangement in California as the second applicant had infertility issues. The Supreme Court of California ruled that the first applicant would be the genetic father and the second applicant would be the legal mother of any child the surrogate mother gave birth to within …Read more

Tags: Children, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Surrogacy
Download Judgment: English
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