23 judgments found.

Ibrogimov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 32248/12
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicant, born in Uzbekistan. His family (except him) acquired Russian nationality but he continued to live with his grandfather in Uzbekistan. After his grandfather died, he moved to Russia in 2011. He was found to be HIV-positive and the authority denied his applicant for temporary residency. His challenges to the orders were dismissed and …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Caleb Orozco v. Attorney General of Belize

Country: Belize
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Belize
Citation: Claim 668 of 2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant, Caleb Orozco, a citizen of Belize was a homosexual male and a health educator. In the Supreme Court of Belize, he challenged the constitutional validity of Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code to the extent that it criminalized anal sex between two consenting male adults. Section 53 of the Criminal Code stated …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Assault, Buggery, Bullying, Counselling, Depression, Diagnostics, Gay, Hazing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Molestation, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

E.L v. The Republic

Country: Malawi
Year: 2016
Court: High Court of Malawi, Zomba District Registry
Citation: [2016] MWHC 656
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The appellant was convicted and sentenced to nine months of imprisonment under Section 192 of the Malawian Penal Code. Section 192 made it an offence to negligently engage in an act, which was likely to spread a dangerous life-threatening disease. E.L (the appellant) was HIV positive undergoing Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART). It was alleged that …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Breast feeding, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Minor, Most-at-risk, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Kenya Legal and Ethical Network on HIV and AIDS (KELIN) & Others v. Cabinet Secretary-Ministry of Health & Others

Country: Kenya
Year: 2016
Court: High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, Constitutional and Human Rights Division
Citation: Petition No. 250 of 2015 (2016)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

President Kenyatta issued a directive to national government entities to prepare a report collecting data on all school-going children who were living with HIV and AIDS. Further the directive also mandated data on the guardians of such children, expectant mothers living with HIV and breastfeeding mothers who are HIV positive. The data was to be …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Awareness, Children, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Minor, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Novruk and others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 31039/11, 48511/11, 76810/12, 14618/13 and 13817/14
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The first applicant-Novruk, a Moldovian national after his first marriage and divorce, married Ms. S, a Russian national. The applicant discovered that he was HIV positive. Ms. S had a daughter from previous marriage and also was a foster mother to nine orphaned children. Some of the children were HIV positive. The applicant applied for …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [(2014) 5 SCC 438]
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Members of transgender community sought a legal declaration of their gender identity, instead of the male or female identity assigned to them at the time of their birth, claiming that that non-recognition of their gender identity violated Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India (the “Constitution”). Hijras and eunuchs, who were also members …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, AIDS, Gender identity, Gender reassignment, HIV, HIV positive, Intersex, LGBTI, Most-at-risk, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual assault, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Transgender, Transsexual
Download Judgment: English

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 570 U.S. ___ (2013)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

The United States Leadership against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (Leadership Act), 22 U.S.C. §7601 set forth a strategy to globally combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. Congress authorized the appropriation of billions of dollars to fund efforts by nongovernmental organizations working in this area. The Leadership Act’s conditions stated that: (1) No funds …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sex workers, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services

Country: Canada
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2011] 3 S.C.R. 134; [2011] S.C.C. 44
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Insite was a medical facility that supervised intravenous drug use. It was established in response to escalating intravenous drug use and a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C infections among the population of the downtown eastside (DTES) area of Vancouver. In 2003, pursuant to section 56 of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Clinics, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Heroin, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Most-at-risk, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Kiyutin v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2700/10, (2011) 53 EHRR 26; [2011] ECHR 439
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

K was born in the Uzbek SSR of the Soviet Union and acquired Uzbekistan citizenship following the collapse of the USSR. In October 2002, K’s brother purchased a house in the Oryol Region of Russia. In 2003, K, his half brother and their mother moved into this house. In July 2003, K married a Russian …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs

Kingaipe and Chookole v. Attorney General

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Livingstone
Citation: 2009/HL/86
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Petitioners Stanley Kingaipe and Charles Chookole sued the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) alleging violations of their constitutional rights to liberty, privacy, life, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment, and protection from discrimination. They also alleged violations of their rights to adequate medical and health facilities and adequate educational opportunities contained in the Directive Principles of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English
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