30 judgments found.

Writ Of Habeas Corpus 124.306 Rio De Janeiro STATE

Country: Brazil
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Federal Court of Brazil
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The writ of Habeas Corpus was brought for the release of the defendants who were arrested for providing illegal abortion services through their clinic with the consent of the women. The Criminal District Court released the defendants but allowed the appeal of the Public Prosecutor for a pre-trial detention. The decision was based on the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Birth control, Childbirth, Clinics, Contraception, Contraceptives, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Family planning, Health facilities, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English Portuguese

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Inquiry concerning the Philippines

Country: Philippines
Year: 2015
Court: UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Citation: CEDAW/C/OP.8/PHL/1
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

An executive order was passed in Manila by the local authorities stating that it would take an affirmative stand on pro-life issues. In 1991, Philippines had delegated the issue of people’s health and safety to the local authorities therefore they could make policy decisions such as family planning services, population and health services. The Executive …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Michigan Catholic Conference, et al. v. Burwell, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals For the Sixth Circuit
Citation: Nos. 13-2723/6640
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The case concerns the religious exemption and accommodation to the contraceptive mandate under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”), which requires health insurance plans to provide coverage for contraception. Plaintiffs were religious organizations who claimed that covering contraception on employee health insurance violated their religious freedom. An exemption from the mandate was available …Read more

Tags: Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Sharpe Holdings, Inc. v. United States Department of Health and Human Services

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Citation: No. 14-1507 (8th Cir. filed Sept. 17, 2015).
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

CNS International Ministries, Inc. (CNC) and Heartland Christian College (HCC), both nonprofit religious organizations, requested an injunction enjoining the government from enforcing certain provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Both organizations had strong Christian identities and were against abortion, including methods of contraception that they viewed as equivalent to abortion due …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. ___ (2014)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) imposed an obligation on certain employers to provide “‘preventive care and screenings’ for women without ‘any cost sharing requirements.’” Under that law, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) imposed a regulation that the preventive care includes 20 types of contraceptives. Four of those …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidy
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Hutchinson

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: 2014 SCC 19
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The complainant agreed to sexual activity with Mr. Hutchinson, and insisted on him using a condom to prevent her from getting pregnant. However, Mr. Hutchinson poked holes in the condom and the complainant became pregnant. The complainant stated that she did not consent to unprotected sex. Mr. Hutchinson was charged with aggravated sexual assault. The …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Contraception, Contraceptives, Pregnancy, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 570 U.S. ___ (2013)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

The United States Leadership against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (Leadership Act), 22 U.S.C. §7601 set forth a strategy to globally combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. Congress authorized the appropriation of billions of dollars to fund efforts by nongovernmental organizations working in this area. The Leadership Act’s conditions stated that: (1) No funds …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sex workers, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Felix

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2013 ONCA 415
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

As a result of his alleged non-disclosure of his HIV-positive status to 3 complainants prior to engaging in sexual relations, the appellant (defendant), Lester Felix, was convicted of five counts of aggravated sexual assault and one count of sexual assault. Felix appealed all convictions. There was no evidence of the appellant’s level of risk of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Case T-627/12

Country: Colombia
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-627/12
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

The plaintiffs, 1200 women filing a joint tutela, seek constitutional protection against false information being spread by the Attorney General of Colombia regarding emergency contraception. The Attorney General stated that emergency contraceptive that contained Levonorgestrel was an abortificant as the contraceptive can prevent implantation of a fertilized egg on to the walls of the uterus. …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Freedom of information, Health education, Maternal health
Download Judgment: Spanish

R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French
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