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36 judgments found.


Mockute v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 66490/09
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant suffered from an acute paranoid reaction disorder. She was taken to the Kaunas Psychiatric Hospital by her parents and at their request in 1992; she continued her treatment at another psychiatric hospital. The applicant had joined a religious sect before her first treatment, and her parents stated that she had become disoriented after …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory testing, Depression, Disclosure, Examination, Forced treatment, Health facilities, Health records, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory treatment, Medical records, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Paranoia, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Secrecy, Trauma, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

E.S. v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 38450/12
Health Topics: Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion
Facts:

In Austria, a woman was convicted after leading several seminars entitled “Basic Information on Islam” at the right-wing Freedom Party Education Institute, beginning in January 2008.  These seminars were publicly advertised on the Freedom Party’s website, and the leaders of the Freedom Party distributed leaflets specifically aimed to encourage young voters to attend.  An undercover …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Criminalization, freedom of religion, Law enforcement, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Sharpe Holdings, Inc. v. United States Department of Health and Human Services

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
Citation: No. 14-1507 (8th Cir. filed Sept. 17, 2015).
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

CNS International Ministries, Inc. (CNC) and Heartland Christian College (HCC), both nonprofit religious organizations, requested an injunction enjoining the government from enforcing certain provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Both organizations had strong Christian identities and were against abortion, including methods of contraception that they viewed as equivalent to abortion due …Read more

Tags: Birth control, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English

Michigan Catholic Conference, et al. v. Burwell, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeals For the Sixth Circuit
Citation: Nos. 13-2723/6640
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The case concerns the religious exemption and accommodation to the contraceptive mandate under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”), which requires health insurance plans to provide coverage for contraception. Plaintiffs were religious organizations who claimed that covering contraception on employee health insurance violated their religious freedom. An exemption from the mandate was available …Read more

Tags: Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. ___ (2014)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion
Facts:

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) imposed an obligation on certain employers to provide “‘preventive care and screenings’ for women without ‘any cost sharing requirements.’” Under that law, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) imposed a regulation that the preventive care includes 20 types of contraceptives. Four of those …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidy
Download Judgment: English

Avilkina and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 171 (2013)
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant organization is a religious organization. Another organization wrote to the Russian president accusing the applicant organization of extremism and that an inquiry must be ensued into their activities. The letter was forwarded to the Prosecutor’s office and no violation was found. However, the applicant organization was not given access to the filed concerning …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

The Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case deals with the destruction of the Mayan community of Río Negro by a series of massacres perpetrated by the Guatemalan army and members of the civil self-defence patrols in 1980 and 1982 which, according to the IACmHR, included the persecution and elimination of members of the Mayan community, subsequent violations directed against the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Assault, Budget, Child development, Children, Health promotion, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Public hospital, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Case STS 21-6-2010

Country: Spain
Year: 2010
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion
Facts:

The applicants, Mr. Eulalio and Mrs. Ariadna worked as nurses at the Prison of Albacete. The prison had, allegedly, implemented the so-called Syringe Exchange Program (“Program”), a public health program developed by the Penitentiary Health General Sub-Directorate. The experimental Program was launched with the objective of preventing the transmission of diseases between inmates by, among …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Addiction, Conscientious objection, Custody, Drug abuse, Drug use, Harm reduction, Health care professionals, Health care workers, IDUs, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Injecting drug users, Inmate, Jail, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Jehovah’s Witnesses of Moscow and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2010
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 302/02
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of religion
Facts:

On March 26, 2004, the District Court of Moscow upheld a claim to dissolve the religious community of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Moscow (“Community”) and imposed a permanent ban on its activities. The court upheld the claim on various the grounds, which included charges that the Community encouraged its members to commit suicide and/or refused medical …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Emergency care, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case STS 25-6-2009

Country: Spain
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: No. 3404/2008
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to health
Facts:

Mr. Domingo was involved in an accident where he fractured his right femur. The Hospital of Bellvitge, where he was admitted, required patients to consent to a blood transfusion due to the risk of hemorrhage during surgery. Mr. Domingo refused a possible blood transfusion due to his religious beliefs as a Jehovah’s witness. Therefore, Mr. …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Blood transfusion, Conscientious objection, Emergency care, Health care technology, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English

A.C. v. Manitoba

Country: Canada
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2009] 2 R.C.S.; 2009 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

A.C., a child and a Jehovah’s Witness, suffered from Crohn’s disease. She had signed an advance medical affidavit containing her instructions not to be given blood under any circumstances. At the age of 14, she was admitted to hospital and refused to consent to the receipt of blood. The Director of Child and Family Services …Read more

Tags: Children, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Emberá-Chamí Community FGM Case

Country: Colombia
Year: 2008
Court: Juzgado Promiscuo Municipal de Pueblo Rico, Risaralda (Municipal Jurisdiction Court of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda)
Citation: Juzgado Promiscuo Municipal [Municipal Jurisdiction Court], julio 24, 2008, Radicación No. 66572-40-89-001-2008-00005-00 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Emberá-Chamí community, which is located on the Río San Juan Embera-Chamí native reservation, practices female genital mutilation. This consists of cutting and cauterizing the clitorises of newborn girls. The practice is customary for this community and appears to have two rationales: first, to prevent infidelity among adolescent girls and women, and second, to prevent, …Read more

Tags: Child development, Female genital mutilation, Indigenous groups, Infant health, Infant mortality
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ramírez Jacinto, et al. v. Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2007
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Ramírez Jacinto v. Mex., Case 161/02, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 21/07, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.130, doc. 22, rev. 1 (2007).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Paulina del Carmen Ramírez Jacinto, a minor child, filed a complaint against the United Mexican States for violating her human rights of when she allegedly became pregnant as a result of a rape when she was fourteen years old and was prevented by the state authorities from exercising her right to terminate that pregnancy as …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child development, Childbirth, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Boumediene, et al. v. Bosnia-Herzegovina

Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 38703/06, 40123/06, 43301/06, 43302/06, 2131/07 and 2141/07
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Six individuals took their case to the European Court of Human Rights against Bosnia and Herzegovina for failing to assist them during their removal to and detention at Guantanamo Bay. Lakhdar Boumediene, Hadj Boudelaa, Mustafa Ait Idir, Mohamed Nechla, Belkacem Bensayah and Saber Lahmar were all detained at Guantanamo Bay on suspicion of having planned …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Emergency care, Examination, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Hunger strike, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English Bosnian Italian

Rajesh Kumar Srivastava v. A.P. Verma and Ors

Country: India
Year: 2005
Court: High Court - Allahabad
Citation: AIR 2005 All 175; (2005) 2 UPLBEC 1813
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner, Rajesh Kumar Srivastava, filed the contempt petition to enforce and to monitor the orders passed by the Supreme Court in D. K. Joshi v. State of U.P., ((2000) 5 SCC 800). In that case the Supreme Court had taken notice of the appalling condition of public health in the State of U.P. and …Read more

Tags: Alternative medicine, Faith-based medicine, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English

Re Woolley, ex parte Applicants M276

Country: Australia
Year: 2004
Court: High Court
Citation: (2004) 225 CLR 1; (2004) 80 ALD 1; (2004) 210 ALR 369; (2004) 79 ALJR 43; (2004) 32 Fam LR 180; [2004] HCA 49
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicants were four Afghani children who arrived in Australia with their parents as “unlawful non-citizens” (a person who is in the migration zone who is not an Australian citizen and who does not hold a valid visa) according to the Migration Act 1958 (the Act). The family was placed in immigration detention pursuant to …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Child development, Children, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Depression, Detention, Immigration, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental illness, Migrants, Minor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Refugees, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Javed and Ors v. State Of Haryana and Ors

Country: India
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: AIR 2003 SC 3057, 2003 (4) AWC 2920 SC, 2003 (3) CTC 620
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to family life, Right to participation
Facts:

This case is a writ position challenging the constitutionality of a law that prohibits anyone with more than two living children from holding certain public offices in the Panchayat raj local government system of the state of Haryana. Note that the Panchayat raj system is the traditional local government system of areas in the Indian …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Family planning
Download Judgment: English

Pretty v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 2346/02, 35 Eur. H.R. Rep. 1 (2002).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a U.K. national, alleged that English law violated her rights under Articles 2 (right to life), 3 (freedom from torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment), 8 (right to respect for his private and family life) and 9 (right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion) of the European Convention on Human …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Inhuman treatment, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Torture
Download Judgment: English Albanian French Russian

Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal v. Okonkwo

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2002) AHRLR 159 (NgSC 2001); [2001] WRN 1
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) brought charges to determine whether a practitioner is guilty of punishable “infamous conduct” when in deference to a patient’s religious views which he failed to provide live-saving blood transfusions, refer the patient to another practitioner, or terminate his medical contract. The patient, Martha Okorie, and her …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

Cyprus v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 25781/94; (2002) 35 EHRR 30; [2001] ECHR 327
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Cyprus lodged an application against Turkey for alleged violations of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the “Convention”) which occurred during and after the Turkish military operations in Cyprus in 1974 and the subsequent 1983 establishment of the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”). Cyprus alleged that Turkey was responsible …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants
Download Judgment: English Albanian French Turkish

Amnesty International, et al. v. Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 1999
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. Nos. 48/90-50/91-52/91-89/93 (1999).
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Amnesty International and three other international human rights organizations filed a series of four complaints (Communications 48/90, 50/91, 52/91, and 89/93) on behalf of hundreds of prisoners, whom the organizations believed suffered detainment without trial, as well as various forms of torture and cruel and inhuman treatment in prison, following a coup d’état in Sudan …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Salvatori Abuki and Richard Abuga v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 1997
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [1997] UGCC 5; Constitutional Case No. 2 of 1997
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The petitioners, Salvatori Abuki and Richard Obuga, brought a constitutional challenge against their convictions in a Magistrates’ Court for the practice of witchcraft. (Richard Obuga died before the hearing on the petition began leaving only one petitioner, Abuki.) The petitioner was arrested on a complaint of witchcraft and charged with practicing witchcraft in contravention of …Read more

Tags: Criminalization, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration
Download Judgment: English

Kalaç v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: (1997) 27 EHRR 552
Health Topics: Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to social security
Facts:

Kalac (K), a judge advocate and director of legal affairs for the air force, was a practicing Muslim who was permitted to pray five times a day and to perform his other religious duties, such as keeping the fast of Ramadan and attending Friday prayers at the mosque. He was one of three officers and …Read more

Tags: Health insurance, Military, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Adler v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 1996
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1996] 3 R.C.S. 609
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to education
Facts:

The Ontario Government provides funding for both secular public and Roman Catholic separate schools in the province under the Education Act 1990 (Ont), but contributes nothing to the funding of private religious schools. Several parents who, in accordance with their religious beliefs, send their children to private religious schools sought declarations that the Government’s failure …Read more

Tags: Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English French

Free Legal Assistance Group, et al. v. Democratic Republic of Congo

Country: Congo, DRC
Year: 1995
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Communications 25/89, 47/90, 56/91, 100/93 (joined)
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Members of the World Organization Against Torture filed Communication 25/89 with the African Commission for Human and People’s Rights (‘the Commission’) in March 1989 alleging torture of 15 detained persons by a military unit in the Democratic Republic of Congo (‘the DRC’). The Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights in New York filed Communication 47/90 with …Read more

Tags: Torture
Download Judgment: English

B (R) v. Children’s Aid Society of Metropolitan Toronto

Country: Canada
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1995] 1 SCR 315; (1995) 122 DLR (4th) 1; [1995] 4 LRC 107
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The appellant parents of a premature baby objected on religious grounds to their child being given a blood transfusion, despite medical opinion that such treatment might be necessary to save the baby’s life. The Provincial Court granted the respondent Society temporary wardship of the baby pursuant to the Child Welfare Act, and a blood transfusion …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Conscientious objection, Infant health, Infant health; Pediatric health; Minor
Download Judgment: English French

Case T-411-1994

Country: Colombia
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-411-1994
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A 10-month-old baby girl was diagnosed with lobar pneumonia, malnourishment, and dehydration. A doctor advised her parents to seek immediate medical attention considering her critical health state was putting her life at risk. The parents were evangelical Christians whose sect did not allow them to take the baby to the hospital for treatment. The Caldono …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Dehydration, Hunger, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Minor, Pediatric health, Starvation
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 62/1993

Country: Hungary
Year: 1993
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Aging, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The petitioners challenged the constitutionality of a law (Act XII of 1991 on Revision of Certain Pensions and Terminating Certain Pension Supplements (the “Act”)) that annulled the distribution of pension supplements which were given to individuals based on certain honors or honorary titles associated with achievements in science, sport or art, or service in specific …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Budget, Elderly, Older persons, Senior citizens, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Case 64/1991 (XII. 17) AB

Country: Hungary
Year: 1991
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

Two groups of petitioners, one pro-life and the other pro-choice, challenged provisions regulating abortion in Article 29(4) of the Health Act, Decree 76/1988. (XI.3.) MT, and its implementing Decree 15/1988. (XII. 15) SZEM. Article 29(4) established that abortion would be permitted in circumstances outlined under the regulations. The implementing regulations in Decree 15/1988 provided that …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Children, Conscientious objection, Criminalization, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English
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