28 judgments found.

Hamilton Health Sciences Corp. v. D.H., et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Ontario Court of Justice
Citation: 2014 ONCJ 603; 2015 ONCJ 229
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The applicant hospital sought a declaration that J.J., an 11-year-old girl, was a child in need of protection under the Child and Family Services Act (“CFSA”). J.J. was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (“ALL”). If treated with chemotherapy, J.J.’s physicians believed that she had a 90-95% chance of being cured. The physicians were not aware …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Children, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Leukemia, Minor, Pediatric health, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English

Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v. Republic of Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2013
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 328/06
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Poverty, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The state of Cabinda was declared annexed by Angola without any Cabindan participation in 1975. Despite protests by the Cabindan people, Angola exercised sovereignty over Cabinda. Groups in Cabinda attempted to re-claim autonomy of their country in 2002, but Angola undertook a massive military campaign against them. Angola’s large military force committed numerous documented human …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Low income, Military, Poor, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Maloney v. The Queen

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: High Court
Citation: [2013] HCA 28
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property
Facts:

The appellant was an Indigenous resident of Palm Island in Queensland who was charged with possession of more than a prescribed quantity of liquor in a restricted area on Palm Island contrary to section 168B of the Liquor Act 1992 (Q) (“Liquor Act”). Palm Island was a “community government area” within the meaning of the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Alcohol, Assault, Criminalization, Indigenous groups
Download Judgment: English

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Matsipane Mosetlhanyane, et al. v. Attorney General

Country: Botswana
Year: 2011
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Lobatse
Citation: Matsipane Mosetlhanyane & Ors v. The Attorney General [2011] CivilAppeal No. CACLB-074-10 (Bots.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Appellants, a married couple who are members of an indigenous community known as the “Basarwa,” sought reversal of a High Court decision that had denied members of the Basarwa communities a constitutional right to utilize at their own expense a borehole located within the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) for purposes of extracting and using …Read more

Tags: Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Minor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Torture, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Law and Advocacy for Women in Uganda v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2010] UGCC 4; Constitutional Petition No. 8 of 2007
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Petitioner NGO brought a petition requesting that the Court declare that the act of female genital mutilation (FGM) was in violation of various articles of the Uganda Constitution.  The Petitioner argued that FGM was practiced extensively by the certain Ugandan tribes, and that FGM was crudely carried out, involved excruciating pain, could lead to death, …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Degrading treatment, Female genital mutilation, Hepatitis, HIV, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Torture, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Xákmok Kásek Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 214 (Aug. 24, 2010).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Indigenous community Xákmok Kásek brought an action against the government of Paraguay before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for failure to meet its international responsibility of timely granting the community members’ request in 1990 for a guarantee of their right to their ancestral lands. Because the government had failed to process their request, the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Chagas, Childbirth, Children, Dehydration, Diet, Drinking water, Health insurance, Health records, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Minor, Potable water, Pregnancy, Stunting, Tuberculosis, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English Spanish

European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2009
Court: European Committee of Social Rights
Citation: Complaint No 48/2008
Health Topics: Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

The European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) brought a complaint alleging that the 2006 and 2008 amendments to Bulgaria’s Social Assistance Act of 1998 (‘the Act’) violated Article 13(1) of the RESC, taken alone or in conjunction with the non-discrimination provisions of Article E. Prior to these amendments, entitlement to social assistance benefits under the Act …Read more

Tags: Employment, Health insurance, Health regulation, Indigenous groups, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Miskitu Divers v. Honduras

Country: Honduras
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 121/09, Petition 1186-04, November 12, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Disabilities, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to life
Tags: Disabled, Indigenous groups, Job safety, Occupational accident, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Safe working conditions, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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