33 judgments found.

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Bushula v. Ukhahlamba District Municipality

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of South Africa (Eastern Cape Division)
Citation: [2012] ZAECGHC 1
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case was about the scope of the constitutional right of access to a water supply. The applicant was a resident of Kwa-Ngquba Locality and the respondent was a District Municipality responsible for providing water services under the Water Service Act 108 of 2017. The case of the applicant was that in 2004, the respondent …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

SERAP v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Citation: JUDGMENT N° ECW/CCJ/JUD/18/12.
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organization, filed a case against the Federal Republic of Nigeria alleging human rights violations as a result of the government’s failure to ensure adequate environmental protection in the Niger Delta due to oil spillage. SERAP alleged that decades of oil prospection and exploitation by private corporations …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Food shortages, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Chu Yee Wah v. Director Of Environmental Protection

Country:
Year: 2011
Court: The High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2011] HKCA 217; [2011] 5 HKLRD 469; [2012] 1 HKC 35; CACV 84/2011
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

This case addressed the issue of whether Hong Kong’s Director of Environmental Protection (the ͞Director) had the authority to approve an environmental impact assessment (the ͞EIA) of certain proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge projects (the ͞HKZMB Projects) if the EIA did not contain a quantitative stand-alone analysis of the projected environmental impact of the HKZMB Projects. …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Environmental hazard, Industrial waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Federation for Sustainable Environment and Others v Minister of Water Affairs and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of South Africa
Citation: [2012] ZAGPPHC 128 (10 July 2012).
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Water in Silobela, Carolina Town and Caropark neighbourhoods in the town of Carolina, South Africa was contamintaed by acid mines severaly rendering it unfit for consumption. Water tanks were brought in from neighboring towns to supply drinking water to the town’s residents, but some of the tanks were not refilled, and some were not refilled …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Matsipane Mosetlhanyane, et al. v. Attorney General

Country: Botswana
Year: 2011
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Lobatse
Citation: Matsipane Mosetlhanyane & Ors v. The Attorney General [2011] CivilAppeal No. CACLB-074-10 (Bots.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Appellants, a married couple who are members of an indigenous community known as the “Basarwa,” sought reversal of a High Court decision that had denied members of the Basarwa communities a constitutional right to utilize at their own expense a borehole located within the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) for purposes of extracting and using …Read more

Tags: Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Minor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Torture, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Sudan Human Rights Organisation, et al. v. Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 2009
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 279/03-296/05 (2009).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The complainants, two human rights organizations based in Sudan, the United Kingdom and Canada, alleged gross and systematic violations of human rights on the part of the Republic of Sudan and Government-supported militia forces in the Darfur region against indigenous tribes, including the Fur, Marsalit and Zaghawa. The organizations alleged that since General Omar Al-Bashir …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Clean water, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Militias, Poisoning, Rape, Refugees, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Biwater Gauff (Tanzania) Ltd. v. United Republic of Tanzania

Country: Tanzania
Year: 2008
Court: International Centre for Settlement of Disputes
Citation: ICSID Case No. ARB/05/22
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

Tanzania was awarded funding from the World Bank to repair, upgrade, and expand the water and sewage infrastructure of Dar es Salaam. As a condition of the funding, Tanzania was required to appoint a private company to manage and operate the infrastructure improvements. The plaintiff, a British and German company named Biwater Gauff (“BGT”), won …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Waste management, Water pollution, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English
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