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22 judgments found.


SERAP v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Citation: JUDGMENT N° ECW/CCJ/JUD/18/12.
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organization, filed a case against the Federal Republic of Nigeria alleging human rights violations as a result of the government’s failure to ensure adequate environmental protection in the Niger Delta due to oil spillage. SERAP alleged that decades of oil prospection and exploitation by private corporations …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Food shortages, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Case D-358/2009

Country: Belarus
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Aging, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to education, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Exercising its obligatory preliminary control powers, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus considered the constitutionality of the Law of the Republic of Belarus on Making Alterations and Addenda to Certain Laws of the Republic of Belarus on Social Protection of the Disabled People (the Law). The law made amendments and additions to previous …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Disabled, Elderly, Handicapped, Health funding, Informed choice, Long-term care, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Older persons, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Senior citizens, Social security
Download Judgment: English Belarusian

Premlata v. Government of NCT Delhi

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P. (C) 7687/2010 & CM APPL 6265/2011
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to food, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The issues presented in this case involved citizens living in poverty and the gaps in essential services provided by the government. The first issue was the availability of cash assistance to new mothers. The petitioners alleged that, per past orders of the Supreme Court, benefits should be made available to them under both the National …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Budget, Food, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Laxmi Mandal v. Deen Dayal Harinagar Hospital & Ors

Country: India
Year: 2010
Court: High Court - Delhi
Citation: [2010] INDLHC 2983
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

This case deals with two petitions, Laxmi Mandal v. Deen Dayal Hari Nagar Hospital and Jaitun v. Maternity Home, MCD, Jungpura. Shanti Devi, Laxmi Mandal’s (the Petitioner) sister, died shortly after giving birth to a premature baby. This was her sixth pregnancy. The previous pregnancy ended in miscarriage. Shanti Devi was not provided with any …Read more

Tags: Children, Family planning, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

HKSAR v Asaduzza

Country: China
Year: 2010
Court: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2010] HKCFI 431
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Infectious diseases, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to property
Facts:

The appellant, Asaduzzaman, was charged with contravening s.30AA of the Food Business Regulation, Cap. 132, which prohibits a permittee of a fresh provision shop license from allowing live poultry on the premises between 8:00PM of each day to 5:00AM the next day. On the evening of 4 September 2008, Asaduzzaman took four live chickens from …Read more

Tags: Avian influenza, Cleanliness, Food, Food safety, Food-borne diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Claimants v Fonterra Brands (China) Limited

Country: China
Year: 2010
Court: The Small Claims Tribunal, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Citation: SCTC15980/10; SCTC15981/10; SCTC15982/10; SCTC15983/10
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to food
Facts:

The claimants, residents of Mainland China, were parents and their children who suffered physical injuries from consuming contaminated dairy products. The claimants sought monetary compensation from the defendant, from whom they had purchased the contaminated products. The defendant is a 43% material shareholder of Sanlu Group, the manufacturer and distributor of the products. The claimants …Read more

Tags: Child and adolescent health: Child development, Children, Compensation, Diet and nutrition: Food safety, Duty of care, Infant health, Minor, Negligence, Remedies, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Defensor del Pueblo de la Nación v. Estado Nacional et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación [CSJN] [National Supreme Court of Justice], 18/9/2007, "Defensor del Pueblo de la Nación c/ Estado Nacional y otra (Provincia del Chaco) s/proceso de conocimiento," (D. 587. XLIII) (Arg.).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to water and sanitation, Right to work
Facts:

Argentina’s Human Rights Ombudsman brought a claim against the National Government and the Province of Chaco to force Respondents to take the necessary measures to improve the deleterious living conditions of an indigenous community in Chaco that amounted to circumstances of extreme emergency. The Ombudsman claimed that the community lacked fundamental and basic necessities as …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Chagas, Clean water, Drinking water, Food shortages, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Non-communicable diseases, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Starvation, Tuberculosis, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Kranti v. Union of India & Ors

Country: India
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Appeal (civil) No. 2681/2007
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The plaintiffs were residents of a group of islands heavily affected by the 2004 tsunami. They argued that they were facing a number of problems which the local administration could take steps to mitigate and that the problems required immediate governmental action. They argued that, while there were relief funds, these funds were not being …Read more

Tags: Budget, Clean water, Cleanliness, Dehydration, Diet, Drinking water, Flooding, Food, Food shortages, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humanitarian crisis, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Natural disaster, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Rodríguez, Karina Verónica v. Estado Nacional et. al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: R. 1148. XLI
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to food
Facts:

Plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Province of Buenos Aires and the Federal State  alleging that, due to omissions attributable to both states, her children suffered from malnutrition. She requested that the Court issue a provisional measure ordering the respondents to promptly satisfy the most basic nutritional and …Read more

Tags: Children, Diet, Food, Indigent, Malnutrition, Pediatric health, Poor
Download Judgment: Spanish

Suo Moto v. State of Rajasthan

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 2005 Raj 82; RLW 2005 (2) Raj 1437
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The case was regarding multiple suo moto orders issued by the Rajasthan High Court to the municipal authorities of the city of Jaipur to clean-up, restore and maintain the city which was plagued with trash, open sewage and polluted water bodies. Specific orders were issued to remove and dispose of the plastic and polyethylene bags …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Health education, Health expenditures, Health promotion, Health spending, Low income, Pollution, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ramos, Marta Roxana, et al. v. Province of Buenos Aires, et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación [CSJN] [National Supreme Court of Justice], 12/3/2002, "Ramos, Marta Roxana y otros c/ Buenos Aires, Provincia de y Otros s/Amparo," (R. 1012. XXXVI) (Arg.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to development, Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

Woman living in extreme poverty brought an action against the Ministry of Social Development and Environment of the Nation, the Province of Buenos Aires, and Hospital of Pediatrics Profesor Juan P. Garrahan on behalf of her eight children and herself, seeking, among others, the protection of their rights to food, health, education, and housing; the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Clinics, Emergency care, Health funding, Health insurance, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Professor Yosef Gamzu v. Na’ama Yeshayahu

Country: Israel
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court (sitting as the Court of Civil Appeal)
Citation: LCA 4905/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant owed the respondent and her daughter a maintenance debt that had accumulated to about 1.25 million New Shekel, having previously failed to pay regular maintenance and child support payments to his wife and daughter.  Being unable to afford this amount as a lump sum, he sought to have the Head of the Execution …Read more

Tags: Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation
Download Judgment: English Hebrew

The Social and Economic Rights Action Center, et al. v. Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 155/96 (2001).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant alleged that the military government of Nigeria (Government), in its efforts to produce oil through the State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), contaminated the environment of the Ogoni People and led to environmental degradation and health problems among that community. More specifically, the applicant claimed that the NNPC, acting within a consortium with …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cancer, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Military, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Refugees, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Skin disease, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Taito Rarasea v. State

Country: Fiji
Year: 2000
Court: High Court
Citation: Criminal Appeal No HAA0027.2000, unreported; (2000) 3 CHRLD 126
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to food
Facts:

R was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment by the Chief Magistrate for the offence of escaping from lawful custody contrary to s 138 of the Penal Code Cap 17. In addition the Commissioner of Prisons imposed sanctions on R for the escape under the Prisons Act Cap 86, ss 83(1)A(i) and (vi) and paras 123(3) …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Food, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate
Download Judgment: English

Victor Rosario Congo v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report 63/99, Case No. 11.427; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.106 Doc. 6 rev., April 13, 1999
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Victor Rosario Congo, an Ecuadorian, was placed in a detention center pending investigations into criminal charges. There were indications that he suffered from a mental disorder. In September 12, 1990, Mr. Congo was placed in an isolation cell at which time a guard assaulted him in the Rehabilitation Center, inflicting a wound to his head. …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Isolation, Jail, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Seclusion, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English Spanish

S.K. Garg v. State of Uttar Pradesh and Others

Country: India
Year: 1998
Court: High Court - Allahabad
Citation: 1999 (1) AWC 847
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Petitioner, S.K. Garg, filed a writ petition in the Allahabad High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution of India (original writ jurisdiction of High Courts). The petition brought to the Court’s attention the appalling and unhygienic condition of Government hospitals in the city of Allahabad. It was alleged that indigent patients had been …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Diet, Essential medicines, Indigent, Malaria, Malnutrition, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Public hospitals, Sewage, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India and Others

Country: India
Year: 1997
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (1997) 10 SCC 549
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Carpet industries in Uttar Pradesh employed children, under the age of 14, where they were “being treated as slaves” and were “subjected to physical torture.” This writ petition was filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 as a public interest matter. The Court immediately commissioned a report to determine whether children under the age …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child labor, Children, Diet, Indigent, Informal economy, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Occupational health and safety, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Dr. Mohiuddin Farooque v. Government of Bangladesh (Radioactive Milk Case)

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 1996
Court: Supreme Court - High Court Division
Citation: 48 BLD (HDC) (1996) 438
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioner, Secretary of Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association, filed a writ petition in the High Court, which contended that the importation of adulterated, radioactive skimmed milk into Bangladesh violated the fundamental right to life. Danish Condensed Milk Bangladesh Ltd. had imported several consignments of skimmed milk into Bangladesh. The Radiation Testing Laboratory (RTL) of the …Read more

Tags: Diet, Food poisoning, Food safety
Download Judgment: English

M’Boissona (on behalf of Bozize) v. Central African Republic

Country: Central African Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication 428/1990, UN Doc. CCPR/C/50/D/428/1990
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

In a communication submitted to the United Nations Humans Right Committee (“UNHRC”), Yvonne M’Boissona asserted that her brother, François Bozize, led a coup d’état in the Central African Republic in 1982. After fleeing the country, he was arrested in July 1989 in Benin, repatriated to the Central African Republic by force, and imprisoned at a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Food, Food safety, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Malnutrition, Military, Militias, Prison conditions, Refugee, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Vikram v. State of Bihar

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1782; 1988 SCR Supl. (1) 755;1988 SCC Supl. 734; JT 1988 (3) 186; 1988 SCALE (2) 325
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This writ petition had been filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution (right to move the Supreme Court for violation of fundamental rights), as a result of a letter outlining the condition of women in a “care home.” It was alleged in the letter that female inmates were made to live …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Diet, Health facilities, Malnutrition, Mental disability, Mental illness, Mental institution, Primary care, Sewage
Download Judgment: English

Ramos v. Lamm

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 639 F.2d 559 (1980)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to food, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was an appeal by the State of Colorado (“Colorado”) and Colorado prison officials, challenging an order from the Colorado Federal District Court directing the State of Colorado to close the maximum security unit of the Colorado State Penitentiary at Canon City (“Old Max”). Inmate Fidel Ramos filed a complaint alleging that the conditions …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Emergency care, Food, Food safety, Garbage, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Imprisonment, Inappropriate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Misdiagnosis, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English
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