29 judgments found.

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Chu Yee Wah v. Director Of Environmental Protection

Country:
Year: 2011
Court: The High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2011] HKCA 217; [2011] 5 HKLRD 469; [2012] 1 HKC 35; CACV 84/2011
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

This case addressed the issue of whether Hong Kong’s Director of Environmental Protection (the ͞Director) had the authority to approve an environmental impact assessment (the ͞EIA) of certain proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge projects (the ͞HKZMB Projects) if the EIA did not contain a quantitative stand-alone analysis of the projected environmental impact of the HKZMB Projects. …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Environmental hazard, Industrial waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Mossville Environmental Action Now v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 43/10, Petition 242-05, March 17, 2010
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to health and equality before law. Mossville, Louisiana is a …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Contamination, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 20/2009

Country: Uruguay
Year: 2009
Court: Tribunal Apelaciones Civil Sexto Turno [Sixth Civil Appellate Court]
Citation: Office of the Public Ombudsman v. MVOTMA et al. Preventive action
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The Public Ombudsman brought a preventive action against the Ministry of Housing, Zoning and the Environment and the Municipal Government of Montevideo, for lead contamination in the soil of the neighborhood of La Teja. The contamination was discovered in 2001, and a number of measures were taken by relevant public agencies and by the executive …Read more

Tags: Children, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pediatric health, Poisoning, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Community of La Oroya v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 76/09, Petition 1473-06, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners alleged that environmental pollution from a metallurgical complex in La Oroya, Peru caused a series of violations of the rights of community members. They alleged Peru was guilty by act and omission for its failure to control the metallurgical complex; its lack of supervision of the facility’s operation; and its failure to adopt measures …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asthma, Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Contamination, Diagnostics, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Infant health, Infant mortality, Infertility, Kidney disease, Lung disease, Maternal health, Minor, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Mendoza, Beatriz Silvia et al. v. Estado Nacional et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: [2008] File M. 1569. XL
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Residents of the Matanza-Riachulo river basin brought a class action against the National State, the Province of Buenos Aires, and the city of Buenos Aires, as well as a number of businesses, for injuries resulting from pollution of the area. A lengthy information collecting process began in 2006. The Supreme Court of Argentina found that …Read more

Tags: Budget, Cancer, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Disclosure, Drinking water, Dysentery, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Examination Electronic health information, Freedom of information, Garbage, Harm reduction, Health data, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Notification, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Safety regulation, Sewage, Toxic waste, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: Spanish

Ledyayeva, Dobrokhotova, Zolotareva and Romashina v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2007
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 53157/99, 53247/99, 53695/00 and 56850/00
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

The four applicants alleged that pollution levels near their homes violated their right to respect for their private and family life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention”). All the applicants lived within a “sanitary security zone” around a local steel plant and were exposed to concentrations of dangerous substances above …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Rabia Bhuiyan MP v. Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, et al.

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court - High Court Division
Citation: 59 DLR (AD) (2007)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Appellant, a former Member of Parliament, filed a writ petition in the High Court of Bangladesh against the Government and other public authorities for their failure to comply with the Environment Conservation Act 1995 and the Environment Conservation Rules 1997. The petition alleged that there was widespread arsenic contamination in tube wells across the …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Contamination, Health regulation, Industrial waste, Noncommunicable diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Giacomelli v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 59909/00, 45 Eur. H.R. Rep 38 (2006).
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, an Italian national, claimed the government violated Article 8 (respect for private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights when its authorities failed to implement a court order to suspend a waste treatment plant because of its permanent effects on her health and home. The applicant was living in a …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Industrial waste, Pollution, Waste, Waste management
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