10 judgments found.

Clean Air Foundation LTD and Another v. The Government of the HKSAR

Country: China
Year: 2007
Court: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of First Instance
Citation: [2007] HKCFI 757; HCAL 35/2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants were a group that advocates for improvement of Hong Kong’s air quality. They alleged that the Hong Kong government did not enact adequate legislation or effective policy to combat air pollution and that this failure was a breach of the government’s legal duty to ensure the right to life and the right to …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ledyayeva, Dobrokhotova, Zolotareva and Romashina v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2007
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 53157/99, 53247/99, 53695/00 and 56850/00
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

The four applicants alleged that pollution levels near their homes violated their right to respect for their private and family life under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention”). All the applicants lived within a “sanitary security zone” around a local steel plant and were exposed to concentrations of dangerous substances above …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Case 0371-04-RA

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2006
Court: Constitutional Tribunal [Tribunal Constitucional]
Citation: Tribunal Constitucional, Caso No. 0371-04-RA, publicado en el Suplemento al Registro Oficial No. 274, 19 de mayo de 2006.
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case was originally brought before the First Chamber of the Contentious Administrative Tribunal by a group of organizations of the Amazon Basin in Ecuador who were challenging the fact that Colombia was fumigating with glyphosate (within their plan to eradicate coca) within a 10-km strip from the border of Colombia and Ecuador. The organizations …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Herbicide, Pesticide, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Fadeyeva v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 55723/00, Eur. Ct. H.R. 376 (2005).
Health Topics: Environmental health, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to housing, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant was a Russian national who lived in Cherepovets, a major steel-producing centre. The Severstal steel plant was built in Soviet times and owned originally by the Ministry of Black Metallurgy of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). In her application against the Russian Federation under Article 34 of the Convention for the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Biohazard, Biosafety, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pollution, Safety regulation, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

Okyay and Ors. v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 36220/97; (2006) 43 EHRR 37
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Ten Turkish nationals filed suit against the Republic of Turkey alleging violation of their right to a fair hearing under the Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the “Convention”). Plaintiffs alleged administrative authorities had failed to enforce court orders to shut down three thermal power plants in …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Biosafety, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Law enforcement, Pollution, Waste, Waste management, Water safety
Download Judgment: English French

Flores v. Southern Peru Copper Corporation

Country: United States
Year: 2003
Court: United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit
Citation: 343 F.3d 140 (2d Cir. 2003)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Residents of Ilo, Peru and representatives of deceased Ilo residents brought personal injury claims under the Alien Tort Claims Act (“ATCA”) against Southern Peru Copper Corporation (“SPCC”). SPCC was majority-owned by Asarco, a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in Peru. Asarco was a wholly-owned subsidiary of Grupo Mexico, S.A. de C.V., a …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Pollution, Respiratory diseases, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Smoke Affected Residents v. Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai

Country: India
Year: 2002
Court: High Court - Bombay
Citation: 2003 (3) BomCR 323
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

A petition was filed by the Smoke Affected Residents’ Forum seeking appropriate directions from the Court for measures to control and reduce auto emissions from vehicles plying in Mumbai. These were with respect to the consumption of unleaded petrol, reduction of sulphur content in diesel oil, issuance of ‘Pollution Under Control’ certificates and ensuring that …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Asthma, Environmental degradation, Pollution, Respiratory diseases, Safety regulation
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Joseph Eryau v. Environmental Action Network Ltd. (No. 1)

Country: Uganda
Year: 2001
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: Civil Application No. 470 of 2001, Arising from Miscellaneous Application No. 39 of 2001
Health Topics: Public safety, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life
Facts:

Applicant Joseph Eryau made a motion to be heard in opposition to Application No. 39/2001. The declarations being sought in the motion of Application No. 39/2001 would state that “smoking in a public place constitutes a violation of the rights of the non-smoking members of the public to a clean and healthy environment as prescribed …Read more

Tags: Air safety, Passive smoking, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Joseph Eryau v. Environmental Action Network Ltd. (No. 2)

Country: Uganda
Year: 2001
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: Civil Application No. 39 of 2001, Arising from Miscellaneous Application No. 39 of 2001
Health Topics: Environmental health, Public safety, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Applicant Joseph Eryau made a motion to be heard in opposition to Application No. 39/2001. Of the five declarations proposed in the motion of Application No. 39/2001, all but two were struck down (including those orders which criminalized smoking in public places). The remaining two proposed that “smoking in a public place constitutes a violation …Read more

Tags: Air safety, Criminalization, Passive smoking, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Case 152

Country: Nicaragua
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court of Justice
Citation: Corte Supreme de Justicia, ELECTROQUIMICA PESADA S.A. c. Ministro de Economía y Desarrollo, y otros,
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Occupational health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to work
Facts:

Electroquimica Pesada S.A. (the “Company”), was operating with outdated equipment and was releasing emissions of chlorine and other noxious gases into the environment that posed harm to both its employees as well as the residents of Nicaragua.  The Company was required to shut down its operations by a series of orders issued by the Minister …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Air safety, Asthma, Environmental hazards, Lung disease, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pollution, Pulmonary disease, Safe working conditions
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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