29 judgments found.

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Brown v. Plata

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 1910 (2011)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

This case involved an appeal from a decision made by a three-judge court that was convened by the Federal District Court to decide the appropriate remedy for violations of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The violations were the subject of two related Federal District Court cases in California: Coleman v. Brown (1990) …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Diabetes, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Kidney disease, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Noncommunicable diseases, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Suicide, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Ntombentsha Beja v. Premier of the Western Cape

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Western Cape High Court, Cape Town
Citation: Case No. 21332/10
Health Topics: Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The City of Cape Town entered into an agreement with the individual members of the community for building over 1300 toilets. The City authorities stated that the residents would enclose the toilets themselves if the City provided one toilet per household. The Applicants argued that due to lack of finances, most of the toilets were …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Brânduse v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 6586/03
Health Topics: Environmental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

B, a Romanian national, was sentenced to ten years in prison for fraud by the Court of Appeal of Timisoara. In January 2003 B lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights based on the conditions of his detention in the prisons of Arad and Timisoara. B alleged that Romania violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) of the European …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cleanliness, Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pollution, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Mendoza, Beatriz Silvia et al. v. Estado Nacional et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: [2008] File M. 1569. XL
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Residents of the Matanza-Riachulo river basin brought a class action against the National State, the Province of Buenos Aires, and the city of Buenos Aires, as well as a number of businesses, for injuries resulting from pollution of the area. A lengthy information collecting process began in 2006. The Supreme Court of Argentina found that …Read more

Tags: Budget, Cancer, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Disclosure, Drinking water, Dysentery, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Examination Electronic health information, Freedom of information, Garbage, Harm reduction, Health data, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Notification, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Safety regulation, Sewage, Toxic waste, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: Spanish

Tim Kabaza, et al.. v. Chatha Investments Ltd.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: [2008] UGHC 122; Miscellaneous Application No. 745 of 2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Applicants were residents of Kyambogo Lower Estate, where they used a common facility for sanitation in the form of septic tanks. The channels leading to those tanks were located on a road reserve and the Respondent intended to erect a perimeter fence around that road reserve. Respondent was given an offer, containing certain terms and …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Giacomelli v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 59909/00, 45 Eur. H.R. Rep 38 (2006).
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, an Italian national, claimed the government violated Article 8 (respect for private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights when its authorities failed to implement a court order to suspend a waste treatment plant because of its permanent effects on her health and home. The applicant was living in a …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Industrial waste, Pollution, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English French

Peter Kinuthia Mwaniki, et al. v. Peter Njugana Gicheha, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2006
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Civil Case 313 of 2000
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Plaintiffs sought a permanent injunction to prevent Defendants from continuing to construct a slaughterhouse situated next to their homes, claiming that such construction violated certain environmental statutory provisions and Plaintiffs’ basic right to a clean and healthy environment. The slaughterhouse was almost completely built but had not started operating at the time of the suit. …Read more

Tags: Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pollution, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Peter Waweru v. Republic of Kenya

Country: Kenya
Year: 2006
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Miscellaneous Civil Application 118 0f 2004; (2007) AHRLR 149 (KeHC 2006)
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

About one hundred residents of the Kiserian township were approved to construct residential-cum-commercial buildings by county officials, including health officials. A public health officer investigated reports of “indiscriminate discharge of offensive smelling waste matters within the trading centre flowing out of various premises into open channels along the road to the environment and to the …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pollution, Precautionary principle, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Sawhoyamaxa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 146 (Mar. 29, 2006).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The Sawhoyamaxa, an indigenous community in Paraguay brought the case against the Paraguayan government for failing to ensure their ancestral property right.  The Sawhoyamaxa’s claim for territorial rights had been pending since 1991.  The lands at issue constituted their traditional habitat suitable for their subsistence activities, consisting of hunting, fishing, and gathering. The lands claimed …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Clean water, Drinking water, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Malnutrition, Minor, Pharmaceuticals, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Vaccination, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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