115 judgments found.

British Columbia Civil Liberties Association v Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2018
Court: Supreme Court of British Columbia
Citation: 2018 BCSC 62
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiffs are two non-profit organizations, the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association and the John Howard Society of Canada. The plaintiffs challenged the constitutionality of sections 31-33 and 37 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA), which authorized administrative segregation of inmates in federal prisons. Section 31 provided that the purpose of administrative segregation …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Depression, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Jail, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Seclusion, Solitary confinement, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

X v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54646/17
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

The applicant, a Russian national, arrived in Germany in 2002. In 2002 and 2011, the competent domestic authorities denied the applicant’s asylum requests. In 2012, the applicant was granted a residence permit, which was later prolonged until March 2018. In 2014, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution investigated the applicant due to …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Nelson v. Livermore

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 712
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Rodney Nelson sought judicial review of his involuntary admission to a psychiatric hospital under Ontario’s Mental Health Act (“MHA”) and an order for his immediate release due to rights infringements. Nelson had a lengthy history of crimes with many violent offences, including sexual offences against women and children. A psychiatrist completed an application for psychiatric …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Molestation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Amirov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: [2014] EHCR 51857/13
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

Amirov is a local politician who was arrested and charged in June 2013 with attempted murder, attempting to organize a terrorist attack, and related charges. Amirov was paralyzed in 1993 and requires constant medical care.   Amirov argued that he should not be detained pending trial because of his poor health, age and position in the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment Health facilities, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diabetes, Handicapped, heart disease neurological diseases, Hepatitis, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Kidney disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Physically challenged, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Blessington, et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1968/2010; CCPR/C/112/D/1968/2010
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The claimants, who were serving life imprisonment sentences, claimed that the state of Australia had violated articles 7, 10, 15 and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“Covenant”), particularly the right to freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman, and/or degrading treatment. The claimants were jointly tried for the murder, abduction, and …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment
Download Judgment: English

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Shatrughan Chauhan and another v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition 55 of 2013
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Fifteen criminal convicts sentenced to the death penalty challenged their sentences as in violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which protects the right to life. They claimed that the executive orders rejecting their mercy petitions were passed without considering supervening events, including delay, insanity, solitary confinement, and procedural lapses. Two convicts alleged that the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Isolation, Jail, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English
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