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93 judgments found.


Alimov v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 14344/13
Health Topics: Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case relates to the lawfulness and material conditions of the detention of an Uzbek refugee in Turkish holding facilities. The applicant and his family sought refuge in Turkey. The applicant was refused entry. He was placed in a detention facility at the airport pending his repatriation. The applicant’s new asylum request was rejected, to …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Immigrants, Immigration, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

Otgon v. Republic of Moldova

Country: Moldova
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 343 (2016)
Health Topics: Infectious diseases, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The applicant and his daughter were admitted to the hospital as they suffered from serious dysentery after drinking tap water. She ensued action against the State-owned utilities provided. The District Court ruled in her favor. The Higher Courts confirmed the findings of the first instance but reduced the award by more than half of the …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Dysentery, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Devika Biswas v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2016
Court: The Supreme Court of India
Citation: (2016) 10 SCC 726
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner in the present case claimed that a sterilization camp managed by an NGO in Bihar was conducting sterilization without following any proper protocol. More than 50 women had undergone sterilization at the camp without being provided any kind of counseling and information about the procedure. The procedure of the sterilization was highly unsanitary; …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Clinics, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Health facilities, Informed choice, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Negligence, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case 2015-470

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: Decision n° 2015-470 QPC
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The claimant water company alleged that France’s prohibition on allowing water providers to interrupt the provision of drinking water to users who did not pay their bills violated the constitutionally protected rights of contractual freedom and entrepreneurial freedom and the principles of equality before the law and public expenditures, especially considering that the electricity, heating, …Read more

Tags: Drinking water, Potable water
Download Judgment: English French

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Sandesh Bansal v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2012
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: Writ Petition No. 9061/2008
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner is a social activist that works on raising concern over the high maternal mortality in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner alleged that the state’s program to reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) had failed to be implemented effectively in Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner had filed this petition, alleging that about …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Clean water, Clinics, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Infant health, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion, Vaccination
Download Judgment: English

The Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case deals with the destruction of the Mayan community of Río Negro by a series of massacres perpetrated by the Guatemalan army and members of the civil self-defence patrols in 1980 and 1982 which, according to the IACmHR, included the persecution and elimination of members of the Mayan community, subsequent violations directed against the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Assault, Budget, Child development, Children, Health promotion, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Public hospital, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Bushula v. Ukhahlamba District Municipality

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of South Africa (Eastern Cape Division)
Citation: [2012] ZAECGHC 1
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case was about the scope of the constitutional right of access to a water supply. The applicant was a resident of Kwa-Ngquba Locality and the respondent was a District Municipality responsible for providing water services under the Water Service Act 108 of 2017. The case of the applicant was that in 2004, the respondent …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

SERAP v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Citation: JUDGMENT N° ECW/CCJ/JUD/18/12.
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organization, filed a case against the Federal Republic of Nigeria alleging human rights violations as a result of the government’s failure to ensure adequate environmental protection in the Niger Delta due to oil spillage. SERAP alleged that decades of oil prospection and exploitation by private corporations …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Food shortages, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Brown v. Plata

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 1910 (2011)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

This case involved an appeal from a decision made by a three-judge court that was convened by the Federal District Court to decide the appropriate remedy for violations of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The violations were the subject of two related Federal District Court cases in California: Coleman v. Brown (1990) …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Diabetes, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Kidney disease, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Noncommunicable diseases, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Suicide, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Ibrahim Sangor Osman v. Minister of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security

Country: Kenya
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Kenya at Embu
Citation: (2011) eKLR (Kenya).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The petitioners claimed that a group of armed police officers arrived on their land and without warning or a court order begun demolishing the houses and structures of the petitioners, leaving them homeless. Further, they alleged that police used tear gas and physical violence to evict the petitioners, who were resisting the demolition. The petitioners …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Clean water, Drinking water, Food, Forced displacement, Police, Potable water, Refugees, Safe drinking water
Download Judgment: English

Matsipane Mosetlhanyane, et al. v. Attorney General

Country: Botswana
Year: 2011
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Lobatse
Citation: Matsipane Mosetlhanyane & Ors v. The Attorney General [2011] CivilAppeal No. CACLB-074-10 (Bots.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Appellants, a married couple who are members of an indigenous community known as the “Basarwa,” sought reversal of a High Court decision that had denied members of the Basarwa communities a constitutional right to utilize at their own expense a borehole located within the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) for purposes of extracting and using …Read more

Tags: Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Minor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Torture, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Federation for Sustainable Environment and Others v Minister of Water Affairs and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of South Africa
Citation: [2012] ZAGPPHC 128 (10 July 2012).
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Water in Silobela, Carolina Town and Caropark neighbourhoods in the town of Carolina, South Africa was contamintaed by acid mines severaly rendering it unfit for consumption. Water tanks were brought in from neighboring towns to supply drinking water to the town’s residents, but some of the tanks were not refilled, and some were not refilled …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ntombentsha Beja v. Premier of the Western Cape

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Western Cape High Court, Cape Town
Citation: Case No. 21332/10
Health Topics: Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The City of Cape Town entered into an agreement with the individual members of the community for building over 1300 toilets. The City authorities stated that the residents would enclose the toilets themselves if the City provided one toilet per household. The Applicants argued that due to lack of finances, most of the toilets were …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged, Waste
Download Judgment: English

Medaing v. Ramu Nico Management (MCC) Ltd

Country:
Year: 2011
Court: National Court of Justice, Papua New Guinea
Citation: [2011] PGNC 95; N4340
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The plaintiffs, who had an interest in the land and sea areas affected by the Ramu Nickel Project (the Project) constructed by Ramu Nicko Management (MCC) Ltd (RNM), sought a permanent injunction to restrain RNM from operating a deep-sea tailings placement (DSTP) system. In the alternative, the plaintiffs sought a declaration that they must be …Read more

Tags: Environmental health, Right to water and sanitation, sanitation and hygiene
Download Judgment: English

Xákmok Kásek Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 214 (Aug. 24, 2010).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Indigenous community Xákmok Kásek brought an action against the government of Paraguay before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for failure to meet its international responsibility of timely granting the community members’ request in 1990 for a guarantee of their right to their ancestral lands. Because the government had failed to process their request, the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Chagas, Childbirth, Children, Dehydration, Diet, Drinking water, Health insurance, Health records, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Minor, Potable water, Pregnancy, Stunting, Tuberculosis, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Gladkiy v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2010
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Gladkiy v. Russia, App. No. 3242/03, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2010).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant, a Russian citizen convicted of a criminal offense, was sent to a prison facility, where, upon arrival, he underwent a fluorography test that showed no symptoms a tuberculosis (TB) infection. Six months later, a follow-up fluorography examination revealed the existence of TB in the applicant’s left lung. Authorities transferred the applicant to the …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Lung disease, Prison conditions, Pulmonary disease, Respiratory diseases, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Mwamba v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: (2010) AHRLR 32 (HRC 2010)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Mr. Mwamba was a Zambian national on death row awaiting review of his appeal by the Supreme Court of Zambia. Mr. Mwamba was previously a high ranking police officer before he was arrested and detained on suspicion of murder, attempted murder, and aggravated robbery. During his initial detention in 1999, Mr. Mwamba was allegedly subjected to …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wachira Weheire v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Civil Case 1184 of 2003; 2010 AHRLR 185 (KeHC 2010)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Mental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The plaintiff, Weheire, brought a suit against the Attorney-General alleging degrading and inhuman treatment during his arrest and detainment in 1986, a violation of his rights under the Constitution of Kenya (“Constitution”),. In December 1986, Weheire was arrested without a warrant.  After his arrest, Weheire claimed that his house was unlawfully searched. Weheire further alleged …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Isolation, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Prison conditions, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

HKSAR v Asaduzza

Country: China
Year: 2010
Court: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2010] HKCFI 431
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Infectious diseases, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to property
Facts:

The appellant, Asaduzzaman, was charged with contravening s.30AA of the Food Business Regulation, Cap. 132, which prohibits a permittee of a fresh provision shop license from allowing live poultry on the premises between 8:00PM of each day to 5:00AM the next day. On the evening of 4 September 2008, Asaduzzaman took four live chickens from …Read more

Tags: Avian influenza, Cleanliness, Food, Food safety, Food-borne diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Nokotyana v. Ekurhuleni Municipality

Country: South Africa
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT 31/09) [2009] ZACC 33; 2010 (4) BCLR 312 (CC) (19 November 2009)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to work
Facts:

This was an appeal from an order of the South Gauteng High Court. The Applicants were members of the Harry Gwala Informal Settlement (Settlement). They approached the High Court for an order against the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (Municipality) to install communal water taps, temporary sanitation facilities, refuse removal facilitation and high-mast lighting in key areas, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Emergency care, Garbage, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Mazibuko, Lindiwe, et al. v. City of Johannesburg, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Lindiwe Mazibuko & Ors. v. City of Johannesburg & Ors., 2009 (4) SA 1 (CC) (S. Afr.).
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Five impoverished residents of Phiri in Soweto filed a legal action against the City of Johannesburg, the water provider company wholly owned by the City, and the Ministry of Water Affairs and Forestry, challenging the legality of Operation Gcin’amanzi–a project the City of Johannesburg piloted in Phiri in early 2004 to address the severe problem …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water
Download Judgment: English

Sudan Human Rights Organisation, et al. v. Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 2009
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 279/03-296/05 (2009).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The complainants, two human rights organizations based in Sudan, the United Kingdom and Canada, alleged gross and systematic violations of human rights on the part of the Republic of Sudan and Government-supported militia forces in the Darfur region against indigenous tribes, including the Fur, Marsalit and Zaghawa. The organizations alleged that since General Omar Al-Bashir …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Clean water, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Militias, Poisoning, Rape, Refugees, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Brânduse v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 6586/03
Health Topics: Environmental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

B, a Romanian national, was sentenced to ten years in prison for fraud by the Court of Appeal of Timisoara. In January 2003 B lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights based on the conditions of his detention in the prisons of Arad and Timisoara. B alleged that Romania violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) of the European …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cleanliness, Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pollution, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Eugen Gabriel Radu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 3036/04
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The plaintiff, Eugen Gabriel Radu, a Romanian national, applied to the European Court of Human Rights claiming that the conditions in the Romanian prison Bucarest-Jilava violated Article 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights, which prohibits torture and inhumane or degrading treatment. The plaintiff was sentenced in 2001 and again in 2006 for aggravated …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Disabled, Handicapped, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Physically challenged, Prison conditions, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Marian Stoicescu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 12934/02
Health Topics: Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The plaintiff, Marian Stoicescu, a Romanian national, applied to the European Court of Human Rights in 2002 alleging that the conditions in the Romanian prison Bucarest-Jilava violated Article 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights, prohibiting torture and inhumane or degrading treatment. In 2000, the plaintiff was sentenced to 8 years in prison for …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Drinking water Potable water, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions, Safe drinking water, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Tim Kabaza, et al.. v. Chatha Investments Ltd.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: [2008] UGHC 122; Miscellaneous Application No. 745 of 2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Applicants were residents of Kyambogo Lower Estate, where they used a common facility for sanitation in the form of septic tanks. The channels leading to those tanks were located on a road reserve and the Respondent intended to erect a perimeter fence around that road reserve. Respondent was given an offer, containing certain terms and …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Pediatric Clinic of Los Lagos v. Brazil

Country: Brazil
Year: 2008
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 70/08, Petition 12.242, October 16, 2008; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.134, Doc. 5, rev. 1, 25 February 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Ten children died as a result of the presumed medical negligence of the personnel at the Clínica Pediátrica da Região dos Lagos. The hospital received funds from the state via the public system of health of Brazil called Sistema Unico de Salud. The majority of children treated at the hospital were from families with “reduced …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Children, Cleanliness, Clinics, Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Infant health, Infant mortality, Low income, Minor, Negligence, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Portuguese Spanish

Biwater Gauff (Tanzania) Ltd. v. United Republic of Tanzania

Country: Tanzania
Year: 2008
Court: International Centre for Settlement of Disputes
Citation: ICSID Case No. ARB/05/22
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

Tanzania was awarded funding from the World Bank to repair, upgrade, and expand the water and sewage infrastructure of Dar es Salaam. As a condition of the funding, Tanzania was required to appoint a private company to manage and operate the infrastructure improvements. The plaintiff, a British and German company named Biwater Gauff (“BGT”), won …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Drinking water, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Waste management, Water pollution, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English
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