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141 judgments found.


X v. Timor-Leste

Country:
Year: 2018
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Citation: Communication NO. 88/2015
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff Ms. X was a Timorese national. She was convicted for the crime of aggravated homicide for fatally stabbing her partner, D.S. with whom she had a child. D.S., who was a member of the Timor-Leste Defense Force was contended to have had physically abused the Plaintiff for years and she alleged self-defense after …Read more

Tags: Timor-Leste
Download Judgment: English

King, et al. v. Burwell

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. ___ (2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“the Act”) advanced three key reforms to the U.S. health insurance market. First, it instituted insurance market regulations barring insurers from denying coverage or charging higher premiums to any individual based on health status. Second, it enacted a coverage mandate, requiring individuals to have health insurance or pay …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Reimbursement, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Cameron Mathieson, a deceased child (by his father Craig Mathieson) v. Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: United Kingdom Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UKSC 47; UKSC 2014/0166
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant, Craig Mathieson, represented his deceased son, whose Disability Living Allowance (DLA) had been suspended by the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. The son had been severely disabled since birth and required a high level of care. His parents were his primary care-givers. The son was admitted to the hospital for chronic …Read more

Tags: Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Physically challenged, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Asociación Civil para la Defensa en Ámbito Federal e Internacional de Derechos v. Instituto Nacional de Servicios Sociales para Jubilados y Pensionados

Country: Argentina
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: CSJ 000721/2007(43-A)/CS1
Health Topics: Aging, Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to development, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff, a Civil Association for the Defense of Rights in the Federal and International Level [Asociación Civil para la Defensa en el Ámbito Federal e Internacional de Derechos – Asociación DE.FE.IN.DER.], filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the National Institution for Social Security Services for Retiree [Instituto Nacional …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Aging, Children, Disabled, Health insurance, Health regulation, Mental illness, Minor, Poor, Right to Health, Right to Life, Right to social security, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

P., A. v. Comisión Nacional Asesora para la Integración de las Personas Discapacitadas

Country: Argentina
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: P. 289. L RHE
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the National Commission for the Integration of Disabled People [Comisión Nacional Asesora para la Integración de las Personas Discapacitadas] for them to provide the comprehensive coverage of the medical services the plaintiff needed due to her disability. The National Commission argued that …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Disabilities, Health funding, Health regulation, Mental illness, Poor, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

D.G. v The Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
Citation: Communication No. 52/2013; UN Doc. CEDAW/C/61/D/52/2013
Health Topics: Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

DG, arrived in the Netherlands from Bulgaria in 2007. She worked at a restaurant and then as a prostitute. She stated in her complaint that she left prostitution after a client held her hostage at gunpoint. Unable to pay her rent, DG became homeless in December 2008. DG applied for shelter under the Social Support …Read more

Tags: Gender-based violence, Indigent, Low income, Migrants, Poor, sex work, Sex workers, Underprivileged, violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

King v. Burwell

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Citation: KING ET AL. v. BURWELL, SECRETARY OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, ET AL.
Health Topics: Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

This case involved the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the Act) that had adopted three major health insurance reforms. In particular the Act adopted the ‘guaranteed issue’ requirement that prevented insurers from denying insurance coverage for an individual due to his state of health; the ‘community rating’ requirement that required insurers from imposing higher …Read more

Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Mollanco, Marta Ofelia et al. v. Unión Personal

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: M. 1196. XLVII
Health Topics: Aging, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Health Insurance “Unión Personal” to reestablish her as an retired affiliate of the health insurance based on article 10.h of Law 23.660. She had been a beneficiary during 20 years for being the spouse of the main affiliate. When her …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Aging, Elderly, Health insurance, Health regulation, Right to social security, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

V., C. G. v. I. A. P. O. S.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: V. 118. XLIX.
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the IAPOS (Instituto Autárquico Provincial de Obras Sociales) to provide coverage for all expenditures that could arise from a reproductive assisted treatment and to cover the amounts paid for such treatment. The First Instance Civil and Commercial Court granted the amparo protection. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Health regulation, Health spending, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: Spanish

O. S. Pers. de la Construcción v. Estado Nacional – Ministerio de Salud

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: CSJ 44/2010(46-0) /CS1
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Occupational health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff, the Health Insurance of the Construction Workers [Obra Social del Personal de la Construcción – OSPECON], filed suit against the National State, Ministry of Health and Social Action and Superintendent of Health Services to liquidate and transfer the corresponding funds from the Fondo Solidario de Distribución [Solidary Distribution Fund] created in law 23.661 to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Social security, Unemployment
Download Judgment: Spanish

Okwanda v. Minister of Health and Medical Services, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2013
Court: High Court - Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 94 of 2012
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, an elderly retired person, was diagnosed with diabetes and Benign Hypertrophy (a life-threatening terminal disease). Petitioner claimed that that the cost of the medication was prohibitive and that he was in need of urgent medical attention. Petitioner sought assistance of the court to enforce his fundamental rights to the highest attainable standard of health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Diabetes, Diet, Elderly, Food, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Noncommunicable diseases, Older persons, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Senior citizens, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case GKPI 11-2093

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Disabilities, Disasters and emergencies, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant contracted a disease while on a business trip to the Chernobyl region to participate in work to contain the consequences of the nuclear disaster. He sought to receive employment compensation based on the disease he acquired and his resulting disability, without submitting an official report on an accident at work or an occupational …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Manmade disaster, Nuclear disaster, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Occupational health and safety, Physically challenged, Safe working conditions, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English Russian

Pajón, Oscar Antonio et al. v. Construir Salud et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: C. 293. XLVIII.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff, the mother of her underage daughter, filed a suit with First Instance Civil and Commercial Court of La Matanza [Juzgado de Primera Instancia en lo Civil y Comercial N°1 del Departamento Judicial de la Matanza] to obtain liquidate damages against the physician and hospital who treated her daughter and the health insurance company …Read more

Tags: Child, Health care and health services, Health care professionals, Medical malpractice
Download Judgment: Spanish

Mankayi v. AngloGold Ashanti Ltd.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2011] ZACC 3; 2011 (5) BCLR 453 (CC) ; 2011 (3) SA 237 (CC) ; [2011] 6 BLLR 527 (CC) ; (2011) 32 ILJ 545 (CC)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Infectious diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to favorable working conditions, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Mr Mankayi brought an action for delictual (tort) damages against AngloGold Ashanti Limited (AngloGold). While working as an underground mineworker between January 1979 and September 1995, Mr Mankayi claimed to have been exposed to harmful dusts and gases that led to his contracting tuberculosis and a chronic obstructive airway condition; these ailments rendered him unable …Read more

Tags: Employment, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, TB, Tuberculosis, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English

Case 3-4-1-11-10

Country: Estonia
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 3-4-1-11-10; Request no. 6 of 28 October 2010 of the Chancellor of Justice
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to social security
Facts:

The Tallinn City Council adopted new regulations on the payment of social benefits to parents of newly born children. The new regulations imposed requirements that a) both parents residents of Tallinn and one of them was a resident for at least a year before the birth, b) the social benefits are paid in two parts, …Read more

Tags: Budget, Children, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Case 57/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

On April 3, 2010, the Indonesian Government filed the Budget Amendment Bill of 2010 in Parliament. On May 3, 2010, a Plenary Session of the House of Representatives passed an amendment to the National Budget entitled Law No. 2 of 2010 Concerning the Amendment to Law No. 47 of 2009 Regarding the National Budget for …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case 43/PUU-IX/2011

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The Plaintiffs challenged Indonesian legislative provisions regulating health warnings on cigarette packaging. The impugned provision, Article 114 of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health (the Law), required health warnings on all cigarette packaging. The Explanation Provision in the legislation defined such a health warning as one that was easily readable, and one that “may” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Health education, Health promotion, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case P-671/2011

Country: Belarus
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Decision No. P-671/2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

The Constitutional Court considered the constitutionality of the Belarusian law On Making Alterations and Addenda to the Law of the Republic of Belarus ‘On guarantees on social protection of orphan children, children left without parental care, and also individuals who belong to the category orphan children and children left without parental care’ (“Orphan Law”). The …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Health funding, Health spending, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Belarusian

Case D-358/2009

Country: Belarus
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Aging, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to education, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Exercising its obligatory preliminary control powers, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus considered the constitutionality of the Law of the Republic of Belarus on Making Alterations and Addenda to Certain Laws of the Republic of Belarus on Social Protection of the Disabled People (the Law). The law made amendments and additions to previous …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Disabled, Elderly, Handicapped, Health funding, Informed choice, Long-term care, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Older persons, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Senior citizens, Social security
Download Judgment: English Belarusian

Public Prosecutor’s Office of the State of São Paulo v. Attorney General of the State of São Paulo

Country: Brazil
Year: 2011
Court: Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court]
Citation: Public Prosecutor's Office of the State of São Paulo v. Attorney General of the State of São PauloAC 2836/SP, Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2011).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

A defendant in a rape case petitioned a writ of Habeas Corpus before the Federal Supreme Court against the Court of Appeals decision because the survivor refused to be subject to physical exam and the jurisprudence gives extra weight to witness evidence in absence of such exam.  The second argument was that the Court of …Read more

Tags: Health care technology, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Portuguese

Case AI 840928/SP

Country: Brazil
Year: 2011
Court: Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court]
Citation: AI 840928/SP,
Health Topics: Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The State of São Paulo filed an interlocutory appeal against the decision of the lower court (Tribunal de Justicia del Estado de São Paulo) that recognized the Public Prosecutor’s Office as a legitimate party to bring civil actions to protect “unavailable individual interests.” The state argued that the decision contravened articles 129 (institutional functions of the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Health regulation, Low income, Poor, Social security
Download Judgment: English Portuguese

Case 52/2011

Country: Uruguay
Year: 2011
Court: Civil Appeals Court, 1st District [Tribunal Apelaciones Civil 1ºTº]
Citation: Docket No. 52/2011
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant, joined by his spouse and children, filed suit against defendant Catholic Workers Circle of Uruguay, an affiliated collective medical assistance institution, to recover for loss of earning capacity and moral damages. The appellant’s doctor (co-defendant) at Catholic Workers Circle had diagnosed the appellant with a benign brain tumor and prescribed radiation therapy in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Essential medicines, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Inappropriate treatment, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 183

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2011
Court: Commission for Protection against Discrimination
Citation: Decision No 183/02.08.2010 of five-member expanded panel of the Commission for Protection against Discrimination under Case File No 146/2009 as per docket of CPD
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Pharmaceuticals
Download Judgment: English

Case 0028-10-TI

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 0028-10-TI, July 22, 2010
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

This case was a review of the constitutionality of the Agreement on Social Security signed between the governments of Spain and Ecuador, to provide nationals working in the companion State with the same benefits as they would receive in their home country. In Spain’s case, this required provision for temporary disability during mass outbreaks of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Disabled, Maternal health, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Premlata v. Government of NCT Delhi

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P. (C) 7687/2010 & CM APPL 6265/2011
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to food, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The issues presented in this case involved citizens living in poverty and the gaps in essential services provided by the government. The first issue was the availability of cash assistance to new mothers. The petitioners alleged that, per past orders of the Supreme Court, benefits should be made available to them under both the National …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Budget, Food, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Miró, María del Rosario v. IOSPER

Country: Argentina
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: M. 466. XLVI.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to development, Right to education, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff brought the case to the First Instance Court of Paraná [Juzgado de Instrucción n° 7 de Paraná] aginst the Helath Insurance Institute of Entre Ríos [Instituto de Obra Social de la Provincia de Entre Ríos – IOSPER] because it refused to provide comprehensive coverage to the autism treatment that the plaintiff’s son needed. …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Children, Health care and health services, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Right to education, Right to Health, Right to social security, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

Orsini, Olga v. Provincia de Buenos Aires et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: O. 57. XLV.
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff brought the case to the National First Instance Civil Court [Juzgado Nacional en lo Civil N° 44 de la Capital] against the National Institution for Social Services for Retiree [Instituto Nacional de Servicios Sociales para Jubilados y Pensionados (PAMI)]; Clinics, Sanatorium, Hospitals and Other Establishments Federation of the Province of Buenos Aires [Federación …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health insurance, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

Dupuy, Daniel Oscar et al. v. Sanatorio Modelo Quilmes et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: D. 640. XLIV.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiff, in representation of his daughter Yanet Marien Dupuy, brought the case to the National First Instance Civil Court [Juzgado Nacional de Primera Instancia en lo Civil n° 52] against the Modelo Quilmes Hospital [Sanatorio Modelo Quilmes] and the Social Help Office for the National Congress Personal [Dirección de Ayuda Social para el Personal del …Read more

Tags: Children, Disabled, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health insurance, Maternal health, Medical malpractice, Minor
Download Judgment: Spanish

Kingaipe and Chookole v. Attorney General

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Livingstone
Citation: 2009/HL/86
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Petitioners Stanley Kingaipe and Charles Chookole sued the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) alleging violations of their constitutional rights to liberty, privacy, life, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment, and protection from discrimination. They also alleged violations of their rights to adequate medical and health facilities and adequate educational opportunities contained in the Directive Principles of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English