30 judgments found.

Bayer Corporation v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1323 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Bayer Corporation (Bayer) challenged the order(s) of 2012 and 2013 passed by the relevant statutory authority, the Controller of Patents (the Controller), granting a Compulsory License to Natco Pharmaceuticals Limited (Natco) of the drug Nexavar. Bayer developed the drug to treat patients suffering from kidney cancer. In 2008, the Controller granted a patent to Bayer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Kidney disease, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Mohd Ahmed (Minor) v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 7279/2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Facts:

Petitioner was a 7-year-old boy suffering from a rare genetic disease called Gaucher Disease (a type of Lysosomal Storage Disorder) which, if left untreated, would render him unlikely to survive. Although Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT), a monthly, lifelong treatment, would afford him a normal life, the drug, due to low demand arising from the rarity …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Essential medicines, Genetic disease, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Pricing, Social security, Subsidies, Tertiary care, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Novartis AG v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal Nos. 2706-2716 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

In 1998, Novartis AG, a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Switzerland, filed a patent application in India for the beta-crystalline form of imatinib mesylate, a drug used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia, a type of blood cancer. In 2005, the Chennai Patent office heard patent oppositions to this application, including one filed by the Cancer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case 52/2011

Country: Uruguay
Year: 2011
Court: Civil Appeals Court, 1st District [Tribunal Apelaciones Civil 1ºTº]
Citation: Docket No. 52/2011
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant, joined by his spouse and children, filed suit against defendant Catholic Workers Circle of Uruguay, an affiliated collective medical assistance institution, to recover for loss of earning capacity and moral damages. The appellant’s doctor (co-defendant) at Catholic Workers Circle had diagnosed the appellant with a benign brain tumor and prescribed radiation therapy in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Essential medicines, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Inappropriate treatment, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 2009-12-03

Country: Latvia
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant, G.Z. was diagnosed with Gaucher’s disease at the age of three. Gaucher’s disease was a rare disease which can only be successfully treated with the drug Cerezyme. If the disease was not treated, it could result in early death. G.Z’s parents claimed 100% reimbursement of the purchase costs of Cerezyme on G.Z’s behalf. …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Children, Disabled, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, Reimbursement, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Latvian

Case 28

Country: Albania
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Albania [Gjykata Kushtetuese e Republikës së Shqipërisë]
Citation: Decision No. 28, dated May 5, 2010.
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Health Insurance Institute of Albania partially reimbursed the citizens of Albania for purchase of specific drugs that are included in the annually-published list. This list and the extent of the price coverage for the covered drugs was approved by a decision of the Albanian Council of Ministers (CoM). The Pharmaceuticals Distributors Association of Albania …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Health regulation, Pricing, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Albanian

Case 335-92 and 359-92

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional, accumulated Case Nos. 335-92 and 359-92, May 12, 1993
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case was an unconstitutionality action brought by the Guatemalan Association of Pharmacists and Chemists et al. challenging the Liberalization of Importation of Medicines Act. The claimants argued that the Act’s elimination of requirements for imported medicines such as expiration dates, instructions in Spanish, and required government testing violated constitutional competition provisions, intellectual property and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Addiction, Drug quality, Drug safety, Generic drugs, Health regulation, Intellectual property, Labeling, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 42755708

Country: Latvia
Year: 2010
Court: District Court of Administrative Cases
Citation: A02405-10/18
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Plaintiff bought 13 packs of Sprycel, also known as desatinib, during the year and sought reimbursement for their costs. A local university hospital doctors council concluded that the Plaintiff would not survive without Sprycel treatment. According to the law of Latvia, the Plaintiff was reimbursed up to LVL 10 000 for his purchase of …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Budget, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pricing, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English Latvian
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