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90 judgments found.


Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development & Anr. v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2018
Court: The High Court of Uganda at Kampala
Citation: Civil Suit No. 094 of 2015
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The plaintiff stated that the Butabika Hospital is the only public psychiatric hospital under the Ministry of Health in Uganda. Further it is the only mental referral hospital and cases referred to it by other health facilities are of acute conditions, which require a specialized and skilled management. A part of the procedure in the …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Cleanliness, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Humiliating treatment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Urgenda Foundation v. The State of the Netherlands (Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment)

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2015
Court: Hague District Court (Chamber for Commercial Affairs)
Citation: C/09/456689
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff Urgenda, a foundation committed to a more sustainable society, brought a claim on behalf of over 800 individuals against the defendant, the state of the Netherlands, regarding climate change. Specifically, the plaintiff asked the court to rule that it would be unlawful for the defendant not to reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Climate change, Environmental degradation, Global warming, Harm reduction, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Dutch

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

Traube v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28711/10
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Traube, the applicant is a German national owning and operating a farm located in Salzgitter-Bleckenstedt. In 1991, a plan-approved procedure was opened for the transformation of an iron ore mine near the applicant’s farm to be transformed into a nuclear waste repository for the final disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. The plans were …Read more

Tags: Environmental hazards, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Radiation, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v. Republic of Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2013
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 328/06
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Poverty, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The state of Cabinda was declared annexed by Angola without any Cabindan participation in 1975. Despite protests by the Cabindan people, Angola exercised sovereignty over Cabinda. Groups in Cabinda attempted to re-claim autonomy of their country in 2002, but Angola undertook a massive military campaign against them. Angola’s large military force committed numerous documented human …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Low income, Military, Poor, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

British American Tobacco South Africa v. Minister of Health

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of Appeal
Citation: (463/2011) [2012] ZASCA 107 (20 June 2012)
Health Topics: Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

Section 3(1)(a) of the Tobacco Products Control Act of 1993 (the “Act”) prohibited any person from “advertising” or “promoting” a tobacco product.  The appellant, a tobacco manufacturer, contended that this prohibition should not extend to its one-to-one communication with consenting adult consumers of tobacco products as it was an unconstitutional limit on both the appellant’s …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Smoking, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

SERAP v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Citation: JUDGMENT N° ECW/CCJ/JUD/18/12.
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP), a non-governmental organization, filed a case against the Federal Republic of Nigeria alleging human rights violations as a result of the government’s failure to ensure adequate environmental protection in the Niger Delta due to oil spillage. SERAP alleged that decades of oil prospection and exploitation by private corporations …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Food shortages, Pollution, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

World Lung Foundation- South Asia v. New Delhi Municipal Council

Country: India
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Delhi at New Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 4579/2012 & CM No.9509/2012
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner contended that restaurants in prohibition of Tobacco Act, 2003 and the Prohibition of Smoking in Public Places Rules, 2008 are running Hookah Bars. The petitioner prayed that the respondent be directed to incorporate in the license, compliance with the Tobacco Act as a condition.

Tags: Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Passive smoking, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Case 57/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

On April 3, 2010, the Indonesian Government filed the Budget Amendment Bill of 2010 in Parliament. On May 3, 2010, a Plenary Session of the House of Representatives passed an amendment to the National Budget entitled Law No. 2 of 2010 Concerning the Amendment to Law No. 47 of 2009 Regarding the National Budget for …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case 12/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing
Facts:

The Plaintiffs were nurses and heads of rural health centers in the East Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. They challenged two provisions of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health. These were Article 108(1), which allowed only certain “health workers” to prescribe and distribute medicines, and Article 190(1), which made it an offence for workers in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Drug quality, Drug safety, Drug testing, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals, Primary care, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Eastman v. Chief Executive of the Department of Justice and Community Safety

Country: Australia
Year: 2011
Court: The Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory
Citation: [2011] ACTSC 33
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Prisons, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The plaintiff in this case was convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was transferred to the Alexander Maconochie Centre (AMC) to serve his sentence. His concern with the centre was three fold. First he wanted an order preventing two officers at the AMC from dealing with him as their treatment (usage of …Read more

Tags: Asthma, Degrading treatment, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Passive smoking, Prison conditions, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking
Download Judgment: English

Chu Yee Wah v. Director Of Environmental Protection

Country:
Year: 2011
Court: The High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2011] HKCA 217; [2011] 5 HKLRD 469; [2012] 1 HKC 35; CACV 84/2011
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

This case addressed the issue of whether Hong Kong’s Director of Environmental Protection (the ͞Director) had the authority to approve an environmental impact assessment (the ͞EIA) of certain proposed Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge projects (the ͞HKZMB Projects) if the EIA did not contain a quantitative stand-alone analysis of the projected environmental impact of the HKZMB Projects. …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Environmental hazard, Industrial waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Medaing v. Ramu Nico Management (MCC) Ltd

Country:
Year: 2011
Court: National Court of Justice, Papua New Guinea
Citation: [2011] PGNC 95; N4340
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The plaintiffs, who had an interest in the land and sea areas affected by the Ramu Nickel Project (the Project) constructed by Ramu Nicko Management (MCC) Ltd (RNM), sought a permanent injunction to restrain RNM from operating a deep-sea tailings placement (DSTP) system. In the alternative, the plaintiffs sought a declaration that they must be …Read more

Tags: Environmental health, Right to water and sanitation, sanitation and hygiene
Download Judgment: English

Mossville Environmental Action Now v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 43/10, Petition 242-05, March 17, 2010
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged the United States failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to health and equality before law. Mossville, Louisiana is a …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Contamination, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case C-830/10

Country: Colombia
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court of Colombia
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Plena octubre 20, 2010, M.P.: Luis Ernesto Vargas Silva, Sentencia C-830/10 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Environmental health, Health information, Public safety, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petioner brought action before the Constitutional Court, challenging the constitutionality of Law 1335 of 2009, which imposes a general ban on all forms of tobacco promotion, advertisement and sponsorship and in this case, its constitutionality is being questioned. It imposes bans on behaviors aimed at promoting the consumption of a particular group of goods but …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Cancer, Child development, Contamination, Health education, Health promotion, Heart disease, Passive smoking, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish

Tabacalera del Este S.A., et al. v. Poder Ejecutivo s/Amparo Constitucional

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2010
Court: Supreme Court of Paraguay (Constitutional Chamber)
Citation: Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 18 octubre 2010, Sentencia No. 754 (2010)(Para.).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Environmental health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

Petitioners were a consortium of tobacco companies that filed a Writ of Amparo challenging the constitutionality of two administrative decrees (i.e., regulations emanated from the Executive Branch) that regulated and implemented Articles 8 (Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke) and 11 (Packaging and labelling of tobacco products) of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Health data, Health regulation, Passive smoking, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish

HKSAR v Asaduzza

Country: China
Year: 2010
Court: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Court of Appeal
Citation: [2010] HKCFI 431
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Infectious diseases, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to property
Facts:

The appellant, Asaduzzaman, was charged with contravening s.30AA of the Food Business Regulation, Cap. 132, which prohibits a permittee of a fresh provision shop license from allowing live poultry on the premises between 8:00PM of each day to 5:00AM the next day. On the evening of 4 September 2008, Asaduzzaman took four live chickens from …Read more

Tags: Avian influenza, Cleanliness, Food, Food safety, Food-borne diseases, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

World Lung Foundation South Asia v. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Country: India
Year: 2010
Court: High Court of Delhi at New Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 7540/2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner contended that despite the Tobacco Act of 2013, which prohibits the sale of tobacco near school premises, the same was occurring. He also stated that due to the availability of tobacco products, adolescents were falling prey to the ill effects of smoking and suffered from various diseases. The petitioner stated that the tobacco …Read more

Tags: Asthma, Children, Lung disease, Minor, Passive smoking, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Nokotyana v. Ekurhuleni Municipality

Country: South Africa
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT 31/09) [2009] ZACC 33; 2010 (4) BCLR 312 (CC) (19 November 2009)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to work
Facts:

This was an appeal from an order of the South Gauteng High Court. The Applicants were members of the Harry Gwala Informal Settlement (Settlement). They approached the High Court for an order against the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (Municipality) to install communal water taps, temporary sanitation facilities, refuse removal facilitation and high-mast lighting in key areas, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Emergency care, Garbage, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Miguel Ignacio Fredes Gonzalez and Ana Andrea Tuczek Fries v. Chile

Country: Chile
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 14/09, Petition 406-03, March 19, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health information, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to participation
Facts:

Miguel Ignacia Fredes Gonzalez and Ana Andrea Tuczek Fries, among others, filed an information request with the Agriculture and Livestock Service (the “SAG”), a department of the State’s Ministry of Agriculture, requesting information and documents related to transgenic crops and their location.The national director of the SAG failed to answer the request within the time …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Biohazard, Biosafety, Contamination, Disclosure, Food safety, Freedom of information, Genetically-modified food, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Ngobe Indigenous Communities v. Panama

Country: Panama
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 75/09, Petition 286-08, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Public safety, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

In May 2007, the State of Panama, without community consultation, granted a concession for the construction of a hydroelectric dam within the traditional lands of an indigenous community, the Ngöbe. Although the construction of the dam was still in its initial stages at the time the petition was filed, the petitioner alleged that the work …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Assault, Children, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Law enforcement, Lung disease, Minor, Pediatric health, Police, Pollution, Potable water, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Community of La Oroya v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 76/09, Petition 1473-06, August 5, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners alleged that environmental pollution from a metallurgical complex in La Oroya, Peru caused a series of violations of the rights of community members. They alleged Peru was guilty by act and omission for its failure to control the metallurgical complex; its lack of supervision of the facility’s operation; and its failure to adopt measures …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asthma, Biohazard, Biosafety, Cancer, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Contamination, Diagnostics, Heart disease, Industrial waste, Infant health, Infant mortality, Infertility, Kidney disease, Lung disease, Maternal health, Minor, Neurological diseases, Poisoning, Pollution, Respiratory diseases, Skin disease, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov to the Constitutional Court

Country: Macedonia
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: 70/2009-0-0
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was heard together with case 261/2008-0-0. The Petitioners, Miroslav Grcev and Stamen Filipov, challenged the constitutionality of the Anti-Smoking Law (the Law). The Law banned smoking in public premises, advertising cigarettes, and selling cigarettes to persons under the age of 16. Public premises included institutions for education, health, state administration,  public transport, and …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Air pollution, Awareness, Children, Minor, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Macedonian

Case 20/2009

Country: Uruguay
Year: 2009
Court: Tribunal Apelaciones Civil Sexto Turno [Sixth Civil Appellate Court]
Citation: Office of the Public Ombudsman v. MVOTMA et al. Preventive action
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

The Public Ombudsman brought a preventive action against the Ministry of Housing, Zoning and the Environment and the Municipal Government of Montevideo, for lead contamination in the soil of the neighborhood of La Teja. The contamination was discovered in 2001, and a number of measures were taken by relevant public agencies and by the executive …Read more

Tags: Children, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Industrial waste, Pediatric health, Poisoning, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Brânduse v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 6586/03
Health Topics: Environmental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

B, a Romanian national, was sentenced to ten years in prison for fraud by the Court of Appeal of Timisoara. In January 2003 B lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights based on the conditions of his detention in the prisons of Arad and Timisoara. B alleged that Romania violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) of the European …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cleanliness, Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pollution, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Tim Kabaza, et al.. v. Chatha Investments Ltd.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: [2008] UGHC 122; Miscellaneous Application No. 745 of 2007
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Applicants were residents of Kyambogo Lower Estate, where they used a common facility for sanitation in the form of septic tanks. The channels leading to those tanks were located on a road reserve and the Respondent intended to erect a perimeter fence around that road reserve. Respondent was given an offer, containing certain terms and …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Charles Lukeyen Nabori, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 466 of 2006
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The petitioners were pastoralists and communal landowners in the Baringo District in Rift Valley Province, Kenya. The petitioners alleged that the respondents (the Attorney-General, the Minister for Environmental and Natural Resources, the National Environment Management Authority, and the County Council of Baringo) were liable for violating their rights to life (under Section 71 of the …Read more

Tags: Asthma, Budget, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Herbicide, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Manmade disaster, Poisoning, Poor, Precautionary principle, Refugees, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English

Emberá-Chamí Community FGM Case

Country: Colombia
Year: 2008
Court: Juzgado Promiscuo Municipal de Pueblo Rico, Risaralda (Municipal Jurisdiction Court of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda)
Citation: Juzgado Promiscuo Municipal [Municipal Jurisdiction Court], julio 24, 2008, Radicación No. 66572-40-89-001-2008-00005-00 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Emberá-Chamí community, which is located on the Río San Juan Embera-Chamí native reservation, practices female genital mutilation. This consists of cutting and cauterizing the clitorises of newborn girls. The practice is customary for this community and appears to have two rationales: first, to prevent infidelity among adolescent girls and women, and second, to prevent, …Read more

Tags: Child development, Female genital mutilation, Indigenous groups, Infant health, Infant mortality
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Arnoldo Eleuterio de Jesús Benitéz Castillo, et al. v. República Bolivariana de Venezuela s/ acción de amparo

Country: Venezuela
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela [Supreme Court of Venezuela], October 21, 2008, “Arnoldo Eleuterio de Jesús Benitéz Castillo y otros v. República Bolivariana de Venezuela s/ acción de amparo,” Expediente No. 08-0520, Sentencia No. 1587.
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Petitioners, among them the Federación Venezolana de Asociaciones de Consumidores y Usuarios (F.E.V.A.C.U) (Venezuelan Federation of Consumer and User Associations), filed an an “action for collective and common interests” against the government, seeking judicial protection for the violation of their right as a society to an enjoyable life and a balanced, safe, and healthy environment. …Read more

Tags: Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: Spanish
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