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2 judgments found.

Black et al. v. City of Toronto

Country: Canada
Year: 2020
Court: Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Citation: 2020 ONSC 6398
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene

A motion for an interlocutory injunction was brought to prevent the City of Toronto from enforcing its By-law that prohibited camping and erecting tents, structures, and shelters in City parks, City of Toronto Municipal Code, c. 608. The applicants did not challenge the validity of the By-law but sought an order to have it suspended …Read more

Tags: Access to healthcare, Access to treatment, Addiction, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Cleanliness, Depression, Diabetes, Disabled, Drug abuse, drug users, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Influenza, Mental health, Noncommunicable diseases, Opioids, People who use drugs, Poverty, Public safety, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Sexual and reproductive health, Sexual harassment, Substance abuse, violence, water sanitation and hygiene
Download Judgment: English

Thompson v Ontario (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2016
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2016 ONCA 676

The applicants appealed a decision affirming the constitutionality of Brian’s Law (Mental Health Legislative Reform), 2000, S.O. 2000, c. 9. (“Brian’s Law”), which was enacted by the Ontario legislature in 2000. Brian’s Law amended the Mental Health Act (“MHA”), adding provisions that expanded criteria for involuntary committal in a psychiatric hospital and introduced community treatment …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care and health services, Incapacity, Informed choice, Informed consent, Involuntary examination, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental health, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Public safety, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Mshengu and Others v. Msunduzi Local Municipality and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 2019
Citation: [2019] 4 All SA 469 (KZP)

The applicants’ claim was based on s. 27(1)(b) of the Constitution – the right to sufficient food and water, which they submitted found further expression in the provisions of the Water Services Act 108 of 1997 (“WSA”). Their complaint argued that farm occupiers and labour tenants, especially the applicants, lacked “access to sufficient water, basic …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Indigent, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Krajnc v. Slovenia

Country: Slovenia
Year: 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: no. 38775/14, § 2, ECHR 2018
Human Rights: Right to property, Right to social security

The applicant, Mr. Slavko Krajnc, was a professional truck driver in Celje, Slovenia. On September 29, 2003, Krajnc was deemed to have “category III work-related disability” as a result of his epilepsy, which rendered him unable to work as a truck driver. Accordingly, he had the right to be assigned to a different, more suitable …Read more

Tags: Disabilities, Health systems and financing
Download Judgment: English

Case 2012 (Gyo-Hi) 267

Country: Japan
Year: 2012
Court: Fukuoka High Court
Citation: Minshu Vol. 68, No. 6
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment

The governor of the Miyazaki Prefecture granted permission for a company that collects, transports, and disposes of industrial waste to establish an industrial waste treatment facility. When the company applied for permission, it submitted a document called the “Environmental Impact Survey Report,” which detailed the survey results regarding the impact of the establishment of the …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Case 2005 (A) 947

Country: Japan
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court [Saikō Saibansho]
Citation: Case No. 2005 (A) 947
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medical malpractice

This case concerned whether the accused, the Director of the Biologics and Antibiotics Division of the Pharmaceutical Affairs Bureau of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, could be held criminally negligent after a patient was given unheated blood products contaminated with HIV and later died of AIDS. The victim was a hemophiliac patient at Osaka …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Duty of care, Health regulation, HIV, HIV positive, Negligence, Standard of care, Transmission
Download Judgment: English