13 judgments found.

Brânduse v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2009
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 6586/03
Health Topics: Environmental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

B, a Romanian national, was sentenced to ten years in prison for fraud by the Court of Appeal of Timisoara. In January 2003 B lodged an application with the European Court of Human Rights based on the conditions of his detention in the prisons of Arad and Timisoara. B alleged that Romania violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) of the European …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cleanliness, Custody, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Pollution, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: French

Nokotyana v. Ekurhuleni Municipality

Country: South Africa
Year: 2009
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT 31/09) [2009] ZACC 33; 2010 (4) BCLR 312 (CC) (19 November 2009)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to work
Facts:

This was an appeal from an order of the South Gauteng High Court. The Applicants were members of the Harry Gwala Informal Settlement (Settlement). They approached the High Court for an order against the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (Municipality) to install communal water taps, temporary sanitation facilities, refuse removal facilitation and high-mast lighting in key areas, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Emergency care, Garbage, Indigent, Low income, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Mendoza, Beatriz Silvia et al. v. Estado Nacional et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2008
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: [2008] File M. 1569. XL
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Residents of the Matanza-Riachulo river basin brought a class action against the National State, the Province of Buenos Aires, and the city of Buenos Aires, as well as a number of businesses, for injuries resulting from pollution of the area. A lengthy information collecting process began in 2006. The Supreme Court of Argentina found that …Read more

Tags: Budget, Cancer, Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Disclosure, Drinking water, Dysentery, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Examination Electronic health information, Freedom of information, Garbage, Harm reduction, Health data, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Notification, Poisoning, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Safety regulation, Sewage, Toxic waste, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: Spanish

Sawhoyamaxa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 146 (Mar. 29, 2006).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The Sawhoyamaxa, an indigenous community in Paraguay brought the case against the Paraguayan government for failing to ensure their ancestral property right.  The Sawhoyamaxa’s claim for territorial rights had been pending since 1991.  The lands at issue constituted their traditional habitat suitable for their subsistence activities, consisting of hunting, fishing, and gathering. The lands claimed …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Clean water, Drinking water, Immunization, Indigenous groups, Malnutrition, Minor, Pharmaceuticals, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Vaccination, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Kachingwe v. Minister of Home Affairs N.O.

Country: Zimbabwe
Year: 2005
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Report No. SC 145/04
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

This was a civil appeal regarding the conditions in Zimbabwe’s police holding cells. The first and second Applicants, Kachingwe and Chibebe, were arrested by the police, with Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights serving as the third Applicant. The first Applicant was detained in a police cell overnight. The second Applicant was detained for two days. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Clean water, Cleanliness, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Food, Hunger, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Police, Potable water, Prison conditions, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Öneryildiz v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 48939/99; (2005) 41 EHRR 20; [2004] ECHR 657; 18 BHRC 145, (2005); [2004] Inquest LR 108
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health information, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to housing, Right to life
Facts:

A household-rubbish tip, or dump, was created in the Ümraniye district of Istanbul. Illegal dwellings were constructed around the rubbish tip. A report found that the rubbish tip posed health risks and the possibility of explosion. In April 1993 there was a methane explosion which triggered a landslide. Nine of the applicants’ family members were …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Cleanliness, Cleansliness, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Garbage, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Manmade disaster, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English French

Suo Moto v. State of Rajasthan

Country: India
Year: 2004
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 2005 Raj 82; RLW 2005 (2) Raj 1437
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The case was regarding multiple suo moto orders issued by the Rajasthan High Court to the municipal authorities of the city of Jaipur to clean-up, restore and maintain the city which was plagued with trash, open sewage and polluted water bodies. Specific orders were issued to remove and dispose of the plastic and polyethylene bags …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Garbage, Health education, Health expenditures, Health promotion, Health spending, Low income, Pollution, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Ameer Bano v. S. E. Highways

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1996
Court: High Court of Lahore
Citation: PLD 1996 Lahore 592
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioner, Ameer Bano, owned a house at Multan Road, Bahawalpur. She brought a claim before High Court of Lahore alleging that her right to life and freedom from disease under article 9 of the Constitution of Pakistan was violated by the breakdown of the sewerage system. The breakdown had caused dirty water to enter …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Contamination, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Laguna Lake Development Authority v. Court of Appeals and Ors.

Country: Philippines
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. 110120
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

The City Government of Caloocan disposed of approximately 350 tons of garbage daily in Tala Estate, Barangay Camarin against the wishes of local residents, who were concerned about the environmental and health impact of the dumpsite. In March 1991, the Task Force Camarin Dumpsite of Our Lady of Lourdes Parish filed a complaint with the …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Garbage, Industrial waste, Pollution, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Dr. K.C. Malhotra v. State of Madhya Pradesh and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1993
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: AIR 1994 MP 48
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, a medical practitioner, filed a petition requesting that the court direct the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Municipal Corporation, Gwalior to clean up the open drains, dirt, and contaminated water and rubbish which the petitioner claimed resulted in the spread of a cholera epidemic. The Municipal Corporation claimed that it performed it obligatory …Read more

Tags: Children, Cholera, Drinking water, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English
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