16 judgments found.

E.S. v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 38450/12
Health Topics: Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion
Facts:

In Austria, a woman was convicted after leading several seminars entitled “Basic Information on Islam” at the right-wing Freedom Party Education Institute, beginning in January 2008.  These seminars were publicly advertised on the Freedom Party’s website, and the leaders of the Freedom Party distributed leaflets specifically aimed to encourage young voters to attend.  An undercover …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Criminalization, freedom of religion, Law enforcement, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Nelson v. Livermore

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 712
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Rodney Nelson sought judicial review of his involuntary admission to a psychiatric hospital under Ontario’s Mental Health Act (“MHA”) and an order for his immediate release due to rights infringements. Nelson had a lengthy history of crimes with many violent offences, including sexual offences against women and children. A psychiatrist completed an application for psychiatric …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Molestation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v. Republic of Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2013
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 328/06
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Poverty, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The state of Cabinda was declared annexed by Angola without any Cabindan participation in 1975. Despite protests by the Cabindan people, Angola exercised sovereignty over Cabinda. Groups in Cabinda attempted to re-claim autonomy of their country in 2002, but Angola undertook a massive military campaign against them. Angola’s large military force committed numerous documented human …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Low income, Military, Poor, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Thompson, et al. v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Citation: 2013 ONSC 5392
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

The Court examined the constitutionality of Brian’s Law, which was passed in 2000 after a man named Brian Smith was fatally shot by an untreated schizophrenic. The law included expanded committal criteria and allowed for involuntary admission for individuals who had experienced “substantial mental deterioration,”even if they were not necessarily a danger to others. In …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Examination, Health regulation, Incapacity, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Finogenov and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 18299/03 and 27311/03
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 23 October 2002 a group of terrorists armed with machine-guns and explosives took hostages in the ‘Dubrovka’ theatre in Moscow. For three days, more than 900 people were held at gunpoint and the theatre building was booby-trapped with suicide bombers positioned amongst the hostages. During the three days, the terrorists made certain demands and …Read more

Tags: Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Law enforcement, Manmade disaster, Police, Terrorism, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

R v. Conway

Country: Canada
Year: 2010
Court: The Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: 2010 SCC 22
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The accused was found not guilty by reason of insanity on a charge of sexual assault with a weapon in 1983. He was subsequently detained in numerous mental health facilities. Before his annual review hearing in 2006 was held, the accused alleged that the centre in which he was detained had violated his constitutional rights …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Health facilities, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Case 53-O09-81

Country: Russia
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

O. was released from criminal responsibility for violating Article 105 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (relating to a contract killing) because the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan determined that O. had committed the act in a state of insanity. O. was sentenced to compulsory outpatient observance and treatment by a …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory treatment, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory treatment, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Psychology, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English Russian

2008Hun-Ka23

Country: South Korea
Year: 2008
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: 22-1(A) KCCR 36
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner was charged with murder of four people and the sexual assault of three women. The Gwangju District Court sentenced the petitioner to the death penalty in accordance with Article 250 Section 1 of the Criminal Act and Article 10 Section 1 of the Former Special Act on Punishment of Sex Crimes and Victim …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhumane treatment, Law enforcement, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Case of Saadi v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 37201/06
Health Topics: Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Tunisian national who was arrested on 9 October 2002 on suspicion of involvement in international terrorism. He was charged with (1) conspiracy to commit acts of violence in States other than Italy with the aim of spreading terror, (2) falsification of “a large number of documents such as passports, driving licences …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Immigrants, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Refugee, Terrorism, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Afdeling Bestuursrechtspraak van de Raad van State [Administrative Jurisdiction of the Council of State], 11 October 2006, nr200600633/1, LJN:AY9897

Country: Netherlands
Year: 2006
Court: Afdeling bestuursrechtspraak van de Raad van State (Administrative Jurisdiction Department of the Council of State)
Citation: 11 October 2006, nr200600633/1, LJN:AY9897
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Public safety, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

According to the Benefit Entitlement Act (“BEA”), health care providers who offer medically necessary care to illegal immigrants must be compensated for their expenses. To achieve this, the BEA increased the budget of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports (“the Ministry”). Instead of managing the compensation fund itself, the Ministry appointed the Foundation Koppeling …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Childbirth, Emergency care, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Indigent, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Refugees, Reimbursement, Subsidies, Threat of violence, Underprivileged, Vaccination
Download Judgment: English Dutch
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