7 judgments found.

Traube v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28711/10
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment
Facts:

Traube, the applicant is a German national owning and operating a farm located in Salzgitter-Bleckenstedt. In 1991, a plan-approved procedure was opened for the transformation of an iron ore mine near the applicant’s farm to be transformed into a nuclear waste repository for the final disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. The plans were …Read more

Tags: Environmental hazards, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Radiation, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

L.C.B. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: L.C.B. v. U.K., App. No. 23413/94, 27 Eur. H.R. Rep. 212 (1998).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant’s father served as a catering assistant in the British Royal Air Force and had been present at Christmas Island during four nuclear tests. Applicant was diagnosed with leukemia at an early age. Her records of admission to hospital included, under the heading “Summary of Possible Causative Factors” that her father was exposed to radiation. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Awareness, Biohazard, Freedom of information, Non-disclosure, Notification, Nuclear radiation
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McGinley and Egan v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 21825/93 and 23414/94; (1999) 27 EHRR 1
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health information, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

McGinley (M) and Egan (E) were servicemen who had been present on a Pacific island in 1958 when atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons had been carried out (five in M’s case and one in that of E). During the tests service personnel had been ordered to line-up in the open and to face away from …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Awareness, Biohazard, Freedom of information, Health records, Medical records, Military, Non-communicable diseases, Non-disclosure, Notification, Nuclear radiation, Social security
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Balmer-Schafroth and Others v. Switzerland

Country: Switzerland
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 671996686876, 26 August 1997
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Balmer-Schafroth (B) and nine other applicants lived in villages situated in a containment zone within a radius of four to five kilometers from a nuclear power station in operation since 1971. In March 1991 they had requested the federal council to refuse an indefinite extension of the operating license being sought for the station and …Read more

Tags: Nuclear disaster, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Precautionary principle
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Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1996
Court: International Court of Justice
Citation: Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The Secretary-General of the United Nations requested an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the following question: “Is the threat or use of nuclear weapons in any circumstances permitted under international law?”. The Court determined that it had the jurisdiction and competence to reply to the UN request according to Article 96, …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Environmental hazards, Manmade disaster, Nuclear disaster, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

In re: Human Rights Case (Environmental Pollution in Balochistan)

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1994
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: PLD 1994 SC 102
Health Topics: Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Supreme Court of Pakistan took suo moto cognizance of a news report in the English daily “Dawn” titled “N-Waste to be dumped in Balochistan?” The article stated that coastal areas in the Balochistan region were being acquired for the purposes of dumping nuclear and industrial waste. The Court had earlier directed the Chief Secretary …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Pollution, Toxic waste
Download Judgment: English

E.H.P. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1982
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 67/1980, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/OP/1 at 20
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This communication was filed by the chairperson of the Port Hope Environmental Group on behalf of the residents of Port Hope, Ontario, Canada. From 1945 to 1952, Eldorado Nuclear Ltd., a federal Crown Corporation, disposed of nuclear waste in dumpsites within Port Hope, a town of 10,000 people. In 1975, large-scale pollution of residences and …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cancer, Contamination, Genetic disease, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English
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