37 judgments found.

Lopes De Sousa Fernandes v. Portugal

Country: Portugal
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 56080/13
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant’s husband underwent a surgery to remove nasal polyps. He suffered from severe headaches and went back to the emergency department. The duty doctor prescribed him some tranquilizer stating it was some psychological problem. As the headaches did not subside, a medical team examined him the next day and found that he was suffering …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Clinics, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Diagnostics, Disclosure, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health facilities, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Non-pecuniary damage, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Devika Biswas v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2016
Court: The Supreme Court of India
Citation: (2016) 10 SCC 726
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner in the present case claimed that a sterilization camp managed by an NGO in Bihar was conducting sterilization without following any proper protocol. More than 50 women had undergone sterilization at the camp without being provided any kind of counseling and information about the procedure. The procedure of the sterilization was highly unsanitary; …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Clinics, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Health facilities, Informed choice, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Negligence, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee on Behalf of Ionel Garcea v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2959/11
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Romanian NGO known as the Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee (“Association”), representing a deceased party, Ionel Garcea.  Garcea was a mentally ill prisoner who died in prison. During his sentence, he made a number of complaints about his treatment, with the Association representing him. In June …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Counseling, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Epilepsy, Examination, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Imprisonment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Lung disease, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pneumonia, Prison conditions, Psychosis, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Standard of care, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Carter v. Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2015 SCC 5
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

After Plaintiff Gloria Taylor was diagnosed with a terminal illness in 2009, she challenged the constitutionality of the Canadian Criminal Code Section 241(b), which prohibited assistance in dying. The trial court held that the law was unconstitutional and granted Taylor an exemption from the law. The Court of Appeal reversed, basing their decision on the …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Counseling, Disabled, Informed choice, Leukemia, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

McCullen v. Coakley

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. __ (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression
Facts:

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts amended its Reproductive Health Care Facilities Act (the “Act”), making it a crime to knowingly stand on a “public way or sidewalk” within 35 feet of an entrance or driveway to any abortion clinic. The Act exempted from this prohibition certain individuals, including “employees or agents of such facility acting within the scope …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities
Download Judgment: English

Cojocaru v. British Columbia Women’s Hospital and Health Centre

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The plaintiff, who had previously given birth via caesarean section, was due to give birth a second time. Her obstetrician recommended a vaginal birth. During labor, Cojocaru’s uterus ruptured, which restricted oxygen supply to the baby. The scar from the previous caesarean contributed to the rupture, and an emergency caesarean section was performed. The baby …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Child development, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Differently abled, Disabled, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inadequate treatment, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Parental consent, Parental notification, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English French

P. and S. v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 57375/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were a Polish girl who was raped at the age of 14, resulting in pregnancy, and her mother. The applicants alleged that, when they sought an abortion, which is legal under Polish law for pregnancy resulting from rape, hospital staff attempted to dissuade the girl from having an abortion. At one hospital, she …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Conscientious objection, Counseling, Disclosure, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Voluntary Health Association of Punjab v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition (Civil) No. 349 of 2006
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The order is about the problem of sex-selective abortion in India. The Court assed the present situation and the various barriers that must be taken into account when States take steps to address this problem by raising awareness of the legal status of the issue. The Parliament has taken steps to prevent sex selective abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Diagnostics, Forced abortion, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health data, Health education, Health facilities, Health promotion, Health records, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Sex-selective abortion, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Right to Life New Zealand Inc. v. Abortion Supervisory Committee

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2012] NZSC 68
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

This case is an appeal from the Court of Appeal’s decision of [2011] NZCA 246.  Under the Contraception, Sterlisation and Abortion Act 1997 (the Act), a woman in New Zealand is eligible for an abortion if two certifying consultants agree the pregnancy will seriously harm that woman’s physical or mental health.  The Abortion Supervisory Committee (the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Counseling, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, Health regulation, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English
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