18 judgments found.

L.G v. Republic of Korea

Country: South Korea
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Citation: Communication No. 51/2012; U.N. Doc. CERD/C/86/D/51/2012
Health Topics: Controlled substances, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

L.G, a New Zealand national, was employed as an English teacher in the Republic of Korea. She held an E-2 working visa for “native speaker conversation instructors.” Korea required all persons holding an E-2 working visa to undergo testing for HIV/AIDS and illegal drugs at a government hospital before they could register as alien residents …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, Drug use, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People who use drugs
Download Judgment: English

A.X. -v- The Mental Health Tribunal & Anr.

Country: Iceland
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: [2014] IEHC 592
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

This is a case about the applicant challenging an order from Mental Health Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) that demanded her involuntary admission to St. John of God’s Hospital (“the Hospital”) for treatment of a mental disorder. On April 28th, 2014, a member of An Garda Síochána detained the applicant because there were sufficient grounds to believe …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Confinement, Health facilities, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental disorder, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Georgina Ahamefule v. Imperial Medical Centre

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Lagos State
Citation: Suit No. ID/16272000
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

The Plaintiff was a nurse at a medical centre. Defendants were the medical centre and a doctor at the centre. While employed at the medical centre, the Plaintiff became pregnant and developed a skin disorder. She sought medical attention and the Defendant doctor performed several diagnostic tests. Neither the nature nor the outcome of the tests …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Compensation, Compulsory testing, Damages, Duty of care, Employment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Miscarriage, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Sykora v. Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23419/07; [2012] ECHR 1960
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Milan Sykora, a Czech national, suffered from a psycho-social disability and did not take his medication because he claimed it negatively affected his eyesight. In November 2000 the Brno Municipal Court deprived Sykora of his capacity to make legal decisions after he failed to collect his pension for four years. The decision was made based …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case 2012/B/1991

Country: Hungary
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner sought a declaration of the unconstitutionality and annulment of a Minister of Health Decree which required mandatory lung screening.  This initial Minister of Health Decree was overruled by a Decree of the Minister of Public Welfare (the “challenged Decree”) which regulated “mandatory screening of epidemiological interest content wise”, (it was aimed at detecting cases of …Read more

Tags: Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced examination, Harm reduction, Informed choice, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English Hungarian

Jehovah’s Witnesses of Moscow and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2010
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 302/02
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of religion
Facts:

On March 26, 2004, the District Court of Moscow upheld a claim to dissolve the religious community of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Moscow (“Community”) and imposed a permanent ban on its activities. The court upheld the claim on various the grounds, which included charges that the Community encouraged its members to commit suicide and/or refused medical …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Emergency care, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Kingaipe and Chookole v. Attorney General

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Livingstone
Citation: 2009/HL/86
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Petitioners Stanley Kingaipe and Charles Chookole sued the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) alleging violations of their constitutional rights to liberty, privacy, life, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment, and protection from discrimination. They also alleged violations of their rights to adequate medical and health facilities and adequate educational opportunities contained in the Directive Principles of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

J.S.C.H., et al. v. Mexico

Country: Mexico
Year: 2009
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 02/09, Petitions 302-04 and 386-04, February 4, 2009; OEA/Ser.L/V/II., Doc. 51, corr. 1, 30 December 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Mexico failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention), including protection of the right to equal protection of the law and the right to humane treatment. J.S.C.H. and M.G.S. were discharged from the Mexican Army because of their HIV …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, First-line treatment, Health information, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Medical records, Military, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Irvin and Johnson Ltd. v. Trawler and Line Fishing Union, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2003
Court: Labour Court of South Africa
Citation: (4) BLLR 379 (SALC)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicant, Irvin and Johnson Limited, wished to arrange for the voluntary and anonymous HIV testing of the more than 1,100 employees in its trawling division. The testing was to be based on the principle of informed consent and accompanied by pre- and post-test counselling. However, the age and job category of the tested employee …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Compulsory testing, Confidentiality, Counseling, Health education, Health promotion, HIV, HIV status, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English
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