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30 judgments found.


CPCF v Minister for Immigration and Border Protection

Country: Australia
Year: 2015
Court: High Court
Citation: [2015] HCA 1
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies
Facts:

An Australian border protection vessel intercepted an Indian flagged vessel carrying the plaintiff and 156 other passengers in the Indian Ocean about 16 nautical miles from the Australian territory of Christmas Island. The plaintiff was a Sri Lankan national of Tamil ethnicity who claimed to have a well-founded fear of persecution in Sri Lanka on …Read more

Tags: Humanitarian crisis, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v. Republic of Angola

Country: Angola
Year: 2013
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 328/06
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Poverty, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to property, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The state of Cabinda was declared annexed by Angola without any Cabindan participation in 1975. Despite protests by the Cabindan people, Angola exercised sovereignty over Cabinda. Groups in Cabinda attempted to re-claim autonomy of their country in 2002, but Angola undertook a massive military campaign against them. Angola’s large military force committed numerous documented human …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Low income, Military, Poor, Threat of violence, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Case GKPI 11-2093

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Disabilities, Disasters and emergencies, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant contracted a disease while on a business trip to the Chernobyl region to participate in work to contain the consequences of the nuclear disaster. He sought to receive employment compensation based on the disease he acquired and his resulting disability, without submitting an official report on an accident at work or an occupational …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Manmade disaster, Nuclear disaster, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Occupational health and safety, Physically challenged, Safe working conditions, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English Russian

Case 004-11-EE

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 004-11-EE, July 27, 2011.
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Facts:

This case was a decision on the constitutionality of an executive decree extending the declaration of a state of emergency in respect of the national public health services. Articles 165 and 166 of the Constitution and Articles 120 and 121 of the Organic Law of Jurisdictional Guarantees and Constitutional Controls set forth conditions that a …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Health funding, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 001-11-EE

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 001-11-EE, July 27, 2011.
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case was a decision on the constitutionality of an executive decree extending the declaration of a state of emergency in respect of the national public health services. Articles 165 and 166 of the Constitution and Articles 120 and 121 of the Organic Law of Jurisdictional Guarantees and Constitutional Controls set forth conditions that a …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 007-11-EE

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 007-11-EE, July 27, 2011.
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to food
Facts:

This case was a decision on the constitutionality of an executive decree ordering the declaration of a state of emergency to prohibit thesale and consumption of alcoholic beverages throughout the country for 72 hours, due to cases of poisoning from alcoholic beverages adulterated with methanol. Articles 165 and 166 of the Constitution and Articles 120 …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Food poisoning, Food safety
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Finogenov and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 18299/03 and 27311/03
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 23 October 2002 a group of terrorists armed with machine-guns and explosives took hostages in the ‘Dubrovka’ theatre in Moscow. For three days, more than 900 people were held at gunpoint and the theatre building was booby-trapped with suicide bombers positioned amongst the hostages. During the three days, the terrorists made certain demands and …Read more

Tags: Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Law enforcement, Manmade disaster, Police, Terrorism, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Case T-045/10

Country: Colombia
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court of Colombia
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.] [Constitutional Court], Sala Primera de Revisión febrero 2, 2010, M.P.: María Victoria Calle Correa, Sentencia T-045/10 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

An amparo action (appeal for legal protection) was brought against the Ministry of Social Protection by the Colombian Commission of Jurists (Comisión Colombiana de Juristas) on behalf of three women (Diana Carmenza Redondo, Argénida Torres, and María Romero), who were victims of massacres orchestrated by either paramilitaries or guerrillas, who were thereafter displaced from their communities, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Counseling, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diagnostics, Forced displacement, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Military, Refugees
Download Judgment: Spanish

JCAG 362/2010

Country: Spain
Year: 2010
Court: Administrative Litigation Chamber of Granada
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medicines, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

An outbreak of measles occurred in the city of Granada, beginning on October 9, 2010, with two children in the neighborhood of Albaycín. Due to low vaccination coverage among children in the neighborhood, especially those attending the public school Colegio Público Gómez Moreno, the disease spread. By November 18th, 36 cases had been reported. In …Read more

Tags: Children, Compulsory treatment, Immunization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Measles, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Unauthorized treatment, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English

Sudan Human Rights Organisation, et al. v. Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 2009
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 279/03-296/05 (2009).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The complainants, two human rights organizations based in Sudan, the United Kingdom and Canada, alleged gross and systematic violations of human rights on the part of the Republic of Sudan and Government-supported militia forces in the Darfur region against indigenous tribes, including the Fur, Marsalit and Zaghawa. The organizations alleged that since General Omar Al-Bashir …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Clean water, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Drinking water, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Militias, Poisoning, Rape, Refugees, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Charles Lukeyen Nabori, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2008
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 466 of 2006
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The petitioners were pastoralists and communal landowners in the Baringo District in Rift Valley Province, Kenya. The petitioners alleged that the respondents (the Attorney-General, the Minister for Environmental and Natural Resources, the National Environment Management Authority, and the County Council of Baringo) were liable for violating their rights to life (under Section 71 of the …Read more

Tags: Asthma, Budget, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Herbicide, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Manmade disaster, Poisoning, Poor, Precautionary principle, Refugees, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English

Auto 092/08

Country: Colombia
Year: 2008
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Corte Constitucional [C.C.][Constitutional Court], Sala Segunda de Revisión No. 092 abril 14, 2008, M.P.: Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa, Auto 092/08 (Colom.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

The Constitutional Court considered the persistence of an unconstitutional state of affairs with regard to forced displacement, which disproportionately affected women in Colombia. The Court originally declared an unconstitutional state of affairs in Ruling T-025 of 2004 and again in Resolution 218 of 2006. More than half the displaced people in Colombia  (54 per cent) …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced abortion, Forced displacement, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Pregnancy, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: Spanish

Kranti v. Union of India & Ors

Country: India
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Appeal (civil) No. 2681/2007
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health systems and financing, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The plaintiffs were residents of a group of islands heavily affected by the 2004 tsunami. They argued that they were facing a number of problems which the local administration could take steps to mitigate and that the problems required immediate governmental action. They argued that, while there were relief funds, these funds were not being …Read more

Tags: Budget, Clean water, Cleanliness, Dehydration, Diet, Drinking water, Flooding, Food, Food shortages, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humanitarian crisis, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Natural disaster, Poor, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Starvation, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

MH v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2006
Court: Asylum and Immigration Tribunal
Citation: MH Sudan [2006] UKAIT 00033
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

Appellant was a Sudanese citizen and a member of the Tama tribe from western Darfur. He entered the United Kingdom on March 6, 2004, potentially as a minor. He sought asylum claiming that his brothers had been killed by Janjaweed militia supported by the Sudanese government and that he would be killed if he returned …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Asylum, Drinking water, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Indigenous groups, Manmade disaster, Potable water, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

Ituango Massacres v. Colombia

Country: Colombia
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Inter-Am. C.H.R., (ser. C) No. 148 (Jul. 1, 2006).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

Petitioners, the alleged victims of violent acts that took place in a region called La Granja, alleged before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights that members of law enforcement bodies and paramilitary groups involved in the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia participated in armed raids in which they killed unarmed civilians, robbed others, and caused …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Children, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Militias, Minor, Refugees
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Pablo Miguel, et al. v. Ministerio de Salud y la Dirección General de Salud Ambiental (DIGESA)

Country: Peru
Year: 2006
Court: Tribunal Constitucional (Constitutional Court)
Citation: Martínez, Pablo Miguel Fabián y Otros v. Ministerio de Salud y la Dirección General de Salud Ambiental (DIGESA), May 12, 2006, Sentencia 2002-2006-PC/TC (Peru).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners filed a Writ of Mandamus action against the Ministry of Health and DIGESA (the General Directorate of Environmental Health) before the Superior Court of Justice of Lima, requesting that the court order Respondents to design and implement a strategy for public health emergencies for the city of La Oroya, pursuant to articles 96, 97, …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Biohazard, Child development, Children, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Infant health, Poisoning, Pollution, Precautionary principle
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Miguel Castro-Castro Prison v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R., Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 160 (Nov. 25, 2006).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

During the conflict between armed groups and government forces that lasted from the 1980s until 2000, the government of Alberto Fujimori issued a law decree on April 6, 1992, ordering “the reorganization of the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) and put[ting] the National Police of Peru in charge of the control of security at the penitentiaries.” …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Assault, Childbirth, Clean water, Cleanliness, Compulsory examination, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Dehydration, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Drinking water, Emergency care, Execution, Forced examination, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Maternal health, Medical records, Military, Militias, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Solitary confinement, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Moiwana Community v. Suriname

Country: Suriname
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Moiwana Community v. Surin., Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 124 (June 15, 2005).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Mental health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The village of Moiwana, consisting of N’djuka people of African descent, was attacked in November 1986 by members of the armed forces of Suriname, who allegedly massacred  40 men, women and children, and “razed the village to the ground.” Members of Moiwana practiced hunting, farming, and fishing as their means of subsistence. Following the massacre, …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Assault, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Military, Militias, Police, Poor, Refugees, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Öneryildiz v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 48939/99; (2005) 41 EHRR 20; [2004] ECHR 657; 18 BHRC 145, (2005); [2004] Inquest LR 108
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health information, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to housing, Right to life
Facts:

A household-rubbish tip, or dump, was created in the Ümraniye district of Istanbul. Illegal dwellings were constructed around the rubbish tip. A report found that the rubbish tip posed health risks and the possibility of explosion. In April 1993 there was a methane explosion which triggered a landslide. Nine of the applicants’ family members were …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Cleanliness, Cleansliness, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Garbage, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Manmade disaster, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English French

Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa v. Guinea

Country: Guinea
Year: 2004
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Inst. for H.R. & Dev. in Afr. v. Guinea, Afr. Comm’n Human & Peoples’ Rights, Comm. No. 249/02 (2004).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

A human rights organization acting on behalf of Sierra Leonean refugees alleged that a national radio address of Guinean President Lasana Conté directing Guinean authorities to arrest, search and confine Sierra Leonean refugees to refugee camps incited soldiers and civilians to engage in attacks that violated provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda

Country: Burundi, Congo, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda
Year: 2003
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2004) AHRLR 19 (ACHPR 2003); Communication 227/99
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Democratic Republic of Congo initiated proceedings before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, alleging that the respondent countries (Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda) committed various human rights violations. The Democratic Republic of Congo alleged that the respondent countries committed multiple massacres against people of the Democratic Republic of Congo including attacking Inga hydroelectric …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Armed conflict, Assault, Children, Execution, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Manmade disaster, Military, Militias, Public hospitals, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Prosecutor v. Galić (Trial Judgment)

Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Year: 2003
Court: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Citation: Case number IT-98-29-T
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The defendant was one of three officers in command of the Bosnian-Serb Army operating in the area of Sarajevo (“SRK”) during the 1992 siege of Sarajevo. He was the commander for the longest period, almost two years, from around 10 September 1992 to 10 August 1994. The Prosecution alleged that during his command he conducted a protracted campaign of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Emergency care, Humanitarian crisis, Military, Militias, Primary care, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Physicians for Human Rights v. Commander of the IDF Forces in the West Bank

Country: Israel
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: HCJ 2117/01
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Violence
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers allegedly shot at ambulances and wounded the medical teams travelling in them.  Petitioners filed a prospective petition, requesting that the Court order the State to explain such shootings and demand their cessation. According to the State, the IDF soldiers had fired on the ambulances because Palestinian fighters had, on several …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humanitarian crisis, Military, Militias
Download Judgment: English

Physicians for Human Rights, et. al v. Commander of IDF Forces in the West Bank

Country: Israel
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: HCJ 2936/02; HCJ 2941/02
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Violence
Facts:

These petitions were filed during Israel Defense Force (“IDF”) combat activities (called “Operation Defensive Wall”) in the areas of the Palestinian Authority. IDF forces allegedly shot at the Red Cross and its medical teams who were working out of ambulances and in the hospitals. This prevented workers from taking the sick and wounded to hospitals …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Emergency care, Health facilities, Humanitarian crisis, Military
Download Judgment: English

Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Balmer-Schafroth and Others v. Switzerland

Country: Switzerland
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 671996686876, 26 August 1997
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Balmer-Schafroth (B) and nine other applicants lived in villages situated in a containment zone within a radius of four to five kilometers from a nuclear power station in operation since 1971. In March 1991 they had requested the federal council to refuse an indefinite extension of the operating license being sought for the station and …Read more

Tags: Nuclear disaster, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Precautionary principle
Download Judgment: English French

Aksoy v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 1996
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Judgment of the ECtHR, 18 December 1996
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Medical malpractice, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Aksoy (A) claimed that in November 1992 he was taken into custody by twenty policemen after M (another detainee with them) had allegedly identified him as a member of the PKK which was engaged in a conflict with security forces for Kurdish autonomy. This conflict had resulted in nearly 8,000 deaths and there was a …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Armed conflict, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Law enforcement, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1996
Court: International Court of Justice
Citation: Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The Secretary-General of the United Nations requested an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the following question: “Is the threat or use of nuclear weapons in any circumstances permitted under international law?”. The Court determined that it had the jurisdiction and competence to reply to the UN request according to Article 96, …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Environmental hazards, Manmade disaster, Nuclear disaster, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Prasanta Kumar Rout v. Government of Orissa

Country: India
Year: 1994
Court: High Court - Orissa
Citation: 1994 II OLR 444
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The Cuttack Development Authority (CDA) developed a new township called Ahbhinaba Bidanasi Kattaka to relieve the congestion of the city of Cuttack.  In 1994 a bout of heavy rains caused nearby rivers to flood Abhunaba Bidanasi Kanaka, cutting off the area from Cuttack, submerging local hospitals, and provoking looting.  The people of Abhunaba Bidanasi Kanaka …Read more

Tags: Flooding, Humanitarian crisis, Natural disasters
Download Judgment: English

Case 00280

Country: Costa Rica
Year: 1992
Court: Corte Suprema de Justicia de Costa Rica [Costa Rica Supreme Court]
Citation: Corte Suprema [Supreme Court], Sala Constitucional, 07 de Febrero 1992, Sentencia 00280, Expediente: 90-001401-0007-CO (1992) (Costa Rica).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Petitioner brought an action against the Social Security Service of Costa Rica, asserting that the institution arbitrarily stopped providing patients with pharmaceuticals for the treatment of HIV/AIDS, in violation of petitioner’s constitutional right to health. The petitioner sought the recognition of an obligation on the part of the Social Security Service of Costa Rica to …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, AIDS, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
Download Judgment: English Spanish
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