Loading, please wait...
419 judgments found.


JH v. Alberta (Minister of Justice and Solicitor General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2020
Court: Court of Appeal of Alberta
Citation: 2020 ABCA 317
Health Topics: Health information, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The respondent JH, a member of a First Nation in British Columbia, was admitted to the Foothills Medical Centre, run by the respondent, Alberta Health Services, on September 5, 2014 for the treatment of sepsis in his knee. Following surgery and a 20-day hospital stay, JH sought discharge. Instead, JH was admitted as a formal …Read more

Tags: Disclosure, Forced treatment, Health records, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory treatment, Medical records, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Notification, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychology, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Thakker v. Doll

Country: United States
Year: 2020
Court: United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania
Citation: 451 F.Supp. 3d 358 (2020)
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were a group of individuals being held in civil detention by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) at three locations: the York County Prison, the Clinton County Correctional Facility, and the Pike County Correctional facility, while awaiting the final disposition of their immigration cases. With the rapid and expansive spread of the novel coronavirus …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to healthcare, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Detainee, Detention, Diabetes, Heart disease, Inhuman treatment, Kidney disease, Leukemia, Liver disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Prison conditions, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

James K. Kahler v. State of Kansas

Country: United States
Year: 2020
Court: Supreme Court of the United States
Citation: 140 S.Ct. 1021 (2020)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant was charged with four counts of first-degree murder for when he drove to his ex-wife’s grandmother’s house and shot his ex-wife, her grandmother, and his two daughters to death. The murders followed the appellant going through a divorce with the now deceased ex-wife and suffering a job loss which left him distraught. There …Read more

Tags: Execution, Imprisonment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Insanity, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Prizreni v Albania

Country: Albania
Year: 2019
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: [2019] ECHR 29309/16
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Download Judgment: English

CASE OF GÜÇ v. TURKEY

Country: Turkey
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 15374/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant, a caretaker employed by an education center, had been taken into police custody on suspicion of child molestation. The local prosecutor lodged an indictment against the applicant, charging him with sexual abuse, sexual assault and unlawful detention of a minor. The court, however, ordered the applicant’s acquittal, holding that it was not possible …Read more

Tags: Children, Incompetence, Mental competence, Minor, Molestation, Sexual abuse, Sexual harassment
Download Judgment: English

Ioniță v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 81270/12
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ minor son underwent surgery for the removal of a polyp in a public emergency hospital. The child was transferred to the ICU unit under a staff nurse who had assisted in the surgery. Due to a hemorrhage and a number of failed attempts to resuscitate, the child died. There were contrary reports of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Clinics, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health data, Health facilities, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Minor, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Primary care, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Erdinç Kurt and Others v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 50772/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ daughter suffered from cardiac problems when she was 1 year old and received treatment for it in children’s hospital. The first applicant (father) signed a consent form for a surgery of her daughter. The consent form entailed the risks. A further operation was conducted after obtaining a similar form from the father. After …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Infant health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Non-pecuniary damage, Pediatric health, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

Charles Gard and others v. the United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 39793/17 Charles GARD and Others against the United Kingdom
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The second and the third applicants in this case were the parents of the first applicant (CG) who was born healthy in 2016 but encountered severe health problems thereafter, for which he remained hospitalized by the time the case was brought before the European Court of Human Rights (the ECHR). CG suffered from a rare …Read more

Download Judgment: English

Liberian Community Association of Connecticut et al. v. Dannel P Malloy, Governor, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2017
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Citation: No. 3:16-cv-00201-AVC
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Defendant Governor Dannel Malloy declared a public health emergency in Connecticut in March 2014, in response to an Ebola outbreak in the West African countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. This Emergency Declaration authorized Defendant Dr. Mullen, the State Commissioner of Public Health, to quarantine individuals whom she reasonably believed were at risk of …Read more

Tags: Infectious diseases, Involuntary confinement, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Somner v. The Queen and Tucker v. Miller

Country:
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Bermuda
Citation: [2016] SC (Bda) 81 App
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

These are two separate appeals where both appellants challenged the Magistrates’ Court’s decision on the jurisdiction of Drug Treatment Court (DTC) to deal with alcohol addiction and traffic offenses under Section 68 of the Criminal Code Act 1907. They were heard together because they raised the same legal issues. Both appellants suffered from addiction to …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Addiction, Alcohol, Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Law enforcement, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Mambu v The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country: Congo, DRC
Year: 2016
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2465/2014; UN Doc. CCPR/C/118/D/2465/2014
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation
Facts:

Eugène Diomi Ndongala Nzo Mambu was a national of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and president of the opposition political party in the State, challenging the legitimacy of an election. He alleged that he was abducted in 2012 and held incommunicado for three months and 13 days while being interrogated about his ties with …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Vasileva v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23796/10
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

The applicant suffered from cancer and underwent mastectomy of her left breast. After two years, she experienced pain in the left side of her chest. After undergoing two bone scintigraphies, a pathological uptake of radioactive tracer was found in her sixth rib. A computerized tomography showed metastasis in the eighth and the ninth rib contrary …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cancer, Diagnostics, Examination, Health care technology, Testing
Download Judgment: English

E.L v. The Republic

Country: Malawi
Year: 2016
Court: High Court of Malawi, Zomba District Registry
Citation: [2016] MWHC 656
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The appellant was convicted and sentenced to nine months of imprisonment under Section 192 of the Malawian Penal Code. Section 192 made it an offence to negligently engage in an act, which was likely to spread a dangerous life-threatening disease. E.L (the appellant) was HIV positive undergoing Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART). It was alleged that …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Breast feeding, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Minor, Most-at-risk, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Zogo Andela v. Cameroon

Country: Cameroon
Year: 2016
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: CCPR/C/121/D/2764/2016
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) is a treaty by which its parties commit to preserving certain human and political rights. The First Optional Protocol of the Covenant allows for individuals to bring complaints, referred to as communications, against state parties to the Protocol that have allegedly violated articles of the ICCPR. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, due process, health care services, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Jail, Prison, Prison conditions, Right to Fair Trial
Download Judgment: English

SABLINA and others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: SABLINA and others against Russia
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicants in this case were Russian nationals; the first applicant being the mother to her deceased daughter (Ms. A.S.) and the other two applicants were grandmothers to the deceased. In January, the deceased faced a severe car accident for which she underwent emergency surgery and resuscitation but continued to be in an unconscious state. …Read more

Download Judgment: English

AIDS Law Project v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 97 of 2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Petitioner, AIDS Law Project, brought suit against the Government of Kenya, arguing that Section 24 of the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act, No. 14 of 2006 (the Act) was unconstitutional. The Petitioner argued that Section 24 of the Act was vague and overbroad, and therefore unconstitutional. Section 24 imposed criminal sanctions upon …Read more

Download Judgment: English

Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

AN v. The Minister for Health & Children

Country: Ireland
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: [2015] IEHC 396 (Ir.)
Health Topics: Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The appellant was diagnosed as a carrier of hemophilia A as an infant. Since she was a factor VII deficient, she had to get factor replacement therapy to cover any surgical or dental operation. The appellant was treated with a variety of blood products in the course of her childhood and teenage years including a …Read more

Tags: Blood transfusion, Compensation, Hepatitis
Download Judgment: English

Asiye Genç v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 027 (2015)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section to a premature boy in a public hospital. The baby had breathing difficulties. There were no suitable neonatal wards in the hospital and therefore the doctors decided to move the baby to another public hospital, which was more than 100 kilometers away. The latter public hospital stated that …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Caesarean, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Emergency care, Health facilities, Infant health, Infant mortality, Lung disease, Minor, Negligence, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English French

Elberte v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 005 (2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s husband died in a car accident. She saw her husband’s body when he was transported from the Forensic department. His legs were tied and he was buried like that. After two years, criminal inquiry into illegal removal of organs and tissues were ensued by the Police. The applicant was told that her husband …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clinics, Disclosure, Emergency care, Examination, Health care technology, Health facilities, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Standard of care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Equality Now and Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) v. Federal Republic of Ethiopia

Country:
Year: 2015
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Communication 341/2007
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

A 13-year-old girl was abducted and raped by Aberew Jemma Negussie (accused) and his accomplices. The medical report proved non-consensual sexual intercourse. The accused was released on bail and he abducted the girl again and forced her to sign a marriage contract. The girl managed to escape. The accused was sentenced to 10 years of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Child marriage, Children, Minor, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11577/06
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was severely disabled as a result of Down’s Syndrome. The applicant lived with her mother, her nearest relative. She often exhibited difficult behavior and towards the end of 2002 social workers had become extremely concerned about the impact on the physical and mental health of the applicant and her mother. On 31 January …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Detainee, Detention, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

A.K. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 33011/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

After giving birth to a child with Down syndrome, the Petitioner (a forty years old woman) alleged that she was denied adequate and timely medical care in the form of antenatal screening tests. She claimed that her doctor failed to refer her for proper prenatal testing in accordance with the medical protocols in place. According to …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2104/2011
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Nikolai Valetov, a Russian national, was arrested and charged in June 2001 with murder by Kyrgyzstan authorities while living in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to maintaining that he was framed for this crime by the police, Valetov further claimed that he was tortured by the police so severely while in pre-trial detention that he was permanently …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Rape, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Durisotto v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Durisotto v. Italy (application no. 62804/13)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant in this case was an Italian national who had lodged a claim before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on his capacity as a guardian of his daughter who had been suffering from degenerative cerebral illness. The applicant requested a domestic court for an order mandating his daughter’s treatment with stem cells …Read more

Download Judgment: English