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656 judgments found.


Cordella and Others v. Italy

Country:
Year: 2019
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 029 (2019)
Facts:

The applicants were 180 individuals who lived or have lived in the municipality of Taranto and the neighbouring areas, in Italy. They filed a case against Ilva’s Taranto Plant (an industrial steelworks complex) (hereinafter ‘the factory’) for serious ecological harm caused due to the harmful emissions from its plant which has impacted the health of …Read more

Tags: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, public health, Public safety, Right to Clean Environment, Right to Family Life, Right to Life
Download Judgment: English

MP v Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: Sri Lanka, United Kingdom
Year: 2018
Court: Court of Justice of the European Union
Citation: (2018) C-353/16
Facts:

The appellant, MP, was detained and tortured by the Sir Lankan security forces because he was a member of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. MP subsequently moved to the United Kingdom in 2005, where he sought asylum, in 2009, on the basis that he would be at further risk of ill-treatment if he returned …Read more

Tags: Freedom from Torture and Cruel, Health care and health services, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment, Mental health, Right to Health
Download Judgment: English

I.F. v. Mental Health Tribunal and Ors.

Country: Ireland
Year: 2018
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: [2018] IECA 101
Facts:

The applicant, Ms. F, a woman in her early 60’s had a history of mental illness, was recommended by Ireland’s National Police and Security Service for an approved center (Mental Health Center), when it came to the fore that she has allegedly threatened her neighbor with a knife. The recommendation was made by a general …Read more

Tags: Informed consent, Mental health, Right to Liberty and Security of Person
Download Judgment: English

Mockute v. Lithuania

Country: Lithuania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 66490/09
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant suffered from an acute paranoid reaction disorder. She was taken to the Kaunas Psychiatric Hospital by her parents and at their request in 1992; she continued her treatment at another psychiatric hospital. The applicant had joined a religious sect before her first treatment, and her parents stated that she had become disoriented after …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory testing, Depression, Disclosure, Examination, Forced treatment, Health facilities, Health records, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory treatment, Medical records, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-disclosure, Paranoia, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Secrecy, Trauma, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Ibrogimov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 32248/12
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The applicant, born in Uzbekistan. His family (except him) acquired Russian nationality but he continued to live with his grandfather in Uzbekistan. After his grandfather died, he moved to Russia in 2011. He was found to be HIV-positive and the authority denied his applicant for temporary residency. His challenges to the orders were dismissed and …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

E.S. v. Austria

Country: Austria
Year: 2018
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 38450/12
Health Topics: Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of religion
Facts:

In Austria, a woman was convicted after leading several seminars entitled “Basic Information on Islam” at the right-wing Freedom Party Education Institute, beginning in January 2008.  These seminars were publicly advertised on the Freedom Party’s website, and the leaders of the Freedom Party distributed leaflets specifically aimed to encourage young voters to attend.  An undercover …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Criminalization, freedom of religion, Law enforcement, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

X v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54646/17
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

The applicant, a Russian national, arrived in Germany in 2002. In 2002 and 2011, the competent domestic authorities denied the applicant’s asylum requests. In 2012, the applicant was granted a residence permit, which was later prolonged until March 2018. In 2014, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution investigated the applicant due to …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English

CASE OF GÜÇ v. TURKEY

Country: Turkey
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 15374/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant, a caretaker employed by an education center, had been taken into police custody on suspicion of child molestation. The local prosecutor lodged an indictment against the applicant, charging him with sexual abuse, sexual assault and unlawful detention of a minor. The court, however, ordered the applicant’s acquittal, holding that it was not possible …Read more

Tags: Children, Incompetence, Mental competence, Minor, Molestation, Sexual abuse, Sexual harassment
Download Judgment: English

Nedescu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 70035/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband and wife and wanted to try assisted reproduction at a private clinic. The applicant’s embryos were obtained and freezed for future use by the applicant. A criminal investigation led to the closure of the said clinic. During that process, all genetic material including the applicant’s embryos were transferred to a forensic …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Clinics, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care techn, Health care workers, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Infertility, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Paradiso and Campanelli v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 034 (2017)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants are husband (Campanelli) and wife (Paradiso). After unsuccessful attempts at having a child, they registered themselves as prospective adoptive parents and obtained court approval to adopt a foreign child. Due to delays in the adoption, the applicants decided to resort to surrogacy arrangements. A surrogate mother was found in Russia and the applicants …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Child, Children, Clinics, Health facilities, In vitro fertilization, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Meadows v. Khan

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2017
Court: High Court of Justice Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2017] EWHC 2990 (QB)
Facts:

The claimant, Omodele Meadows, brought this case before the High Court of Justice to recover additional costs for raising her son, Adejuwon, who suffered from Hemophilia and autism. Prior to her pregnancy, the claimant, after seeing her nephew diagnosed with hemophilia, had taken blood tests to determine whether she was a carrier and was informed …Read more

Tags: Disabilities, Health information, Medical malpractice, Right of Access to Information, Sexual and reproductive health
Download Judgment: English

Case Of Fernandes De Oliveira v. Portugal

Country: Portugal
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: [2017] ECHR 78103/14
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The applicant’s son, A.J., had a history of mental health disorders, and alcohol and substance addiction, and since 1984 had spent several periods in psychiatric hospitals. During the period in September 1999 in which A.J. was hospitalised, the doctor treating A.J. did not permit him to leave the hospital whilst he was being treated. However, …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Clinics, Drug use, Health facilities, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Substance abuse, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Bayev and Ors. v. Russia

Country:
Year: 2017
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 67667/09, 44092/12, and 56717/12
Facts:

The applicants were three Russian nationals, Mr. Bayev, Mr. Kiselev and Mr. Alekseyev, who had filed applications against the Russian Federation, in response to the legislative ban on “propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations aimed at minors” which was introduced, in part, for the protection of the morality and health of children in Russia. The three …Read more

Tags: Child and adolescent health: Child development, Health information, HIV, Mental health, public health, Right to Access to Information, sexual and reproductive rights
Download Judgment: English

Ioniță v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 81270/12
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ minor son underwent surgery for the removal of a polyp in a public emergency hospital. The child was transferred to the ICU unit under a staff nurse who had assisted in the surgery. Due to a hemorrhage and a number of failed attempts to resuscitate, the child died. There were contrary reports of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Clinics, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health data, Health facilities, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Minor, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Primary care, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Erdinç Kurt and Others v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 50772/11
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants’ daughter suffered from cardiac problems when she was 1 year old and received treatment for it in children’s hospital. The first applicant (father) signed a consent form for a surgery of her daughter. The consent form entailed the risks. A further operation was conducted after obtaining a similar form from the father. After …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Heart disease, Infant health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Non-pecuniary damage, Pediatric health, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

Lopes De Sousa Fernandes v. Portugal

Country: Portugal
Year: 2017
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 56080/13
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant’s husband underwent a surgery to remove nasal polyps. He suffered from severe headaches and went back to the emergency department. The duty doctor prescribed him some tranquilizer stating it was some psychological problem. As the headaches did not subside, a medical team examined him the next day and found that he was suffering …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Clinics, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Diagnostics, Disclosure, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health facilities, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Non-pecuniary damage, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing
Download Judgment: English

European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF) v. the Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2016
Court: European Committee of Social Rights
Citation: Complaint No. 104/2014
Facts:

The complainant, European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF), filed a complaint against the respondent, the Czech Republic, alleging violation of Article 16 of the European Social Charter, 1961, which provides for right of the family to social, legal and economic protection, on the grounds that Roma people suffered from a lack of accessible housing, residential …Read more

Tags: Child and adolescent health, Freedom from Discrimination, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Right to a Clean Environment, Right to Health, right to housing, Right to water and sanitation, sanitation and hygiene, Water
Download Judgment: English

Otgon v. Republic of Moldova

Country: Moldova
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 343 (2016)
Health Topics: Infectious diseases, Public safety, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The applicant and his daughter were admitted to the hospital as they suffered from serious dysentery after drinking tap water. She ensued action against the State-owned utilities provided. The District Court ruled in her favor. The Higher Courts confirmed the findings of the first instance but reduced the award by more than half of the …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Drinking water, Dysentery, Potable water, Safe drinking water, Water safety, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Alimov v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 14344/13
Health Topics: Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case relates to the lawfulness and material conditions of the detention of an Uzbek refugee in Turkish holding facilities. The applicant and his family sought refuge in Turkey. The applicant was refused entry. He was placed in a detention facility at the airport pending his repatriation. The applicant’s new asylum request was rejected, to …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Immigrants, Immigration, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

Case of Dubská and Krejzová v. The Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 28859/11 and 28473/12
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Ms. Šárka Dubská and Ms. Alexandra Krejzová brought an action against the Czech Republic, claiming that Czech legislation violated the right to private life provided by Article 8 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms by effectively prohibiting health professionals, including midwifes, from assisting in home births. Czech legislation required …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Childbirth, Health regulation, Maternal health, Midwifery, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Poland v. Council of the European Union

Country: Poland
Year: 2016
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: C-358/14
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Tobacco
Facts:

Pursuant to Article 7 and Article 9 of the World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, the European Union passed Directive 2014/40 to regulate tobacco products. The Directive required cigarette packs to include graphic images of diseased human organs and banned menthol cigarettes. It also regulated electronic or “e-cigarettes” by limiting the amount of nicotine they could …Read more

Tags: Health regulation, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Novruk and others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Applications nos. 31039/11, 48511/11, 76810/12, 14618/13 and 13817/14
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

The first applicant-Novruk, a Moldovian national after his first marriage and divorce, married Ms. S, a Russian national. The applicant discovered that he was HIV positive. Ms. S had a daughter from previous marriage and also was a foster mother to nine orphaned children. Some of the children were HIV positive. The applicant applied for …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health data, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Medical records, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Vasileva v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23796/10
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

The applicant suffered from cancer and underwent mastectomy of her left breast. After two years, she experienced pain in the left side of her chest. After undergoing two bone scintigraphies, a pathological uptake of radioactive tracer was found in her sixth rib. A computerized tomography showed metastasis in the eighth and the ninth rib contrary …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cancer, Diagnostics, Examination, Health care technology, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

In the Matter of the Law on Termination of Pregnancy in Northern Ireland

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: The High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] NIQB 96; 2014 No. 125661/01
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (“Commission”) brought an application alleging that the rights of women in Northern Ireland who are or become pregnant with a serious malformation of the fetus (SMF), fatal fetal abnormality (FFA) or who are pregnant as a result of sexual crimes were being breached by Section 58 and Section 59 …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Disabled, Family planning, Health regulation, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Case C‐528/13

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: Case C‐528/13 Geoffrey Léger v Ministre des Affaires sociales, de la Santé et des Droits des femmes, Établissement français du sang
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The case concerned whether France could permanently defer men who have had sex with another man from blood donation. Mr. Léger went to a collection center to donate blood, but his blood donation was refused on the ground that he had had sexual intercourse with another man. The decision was based on a French decree …Read more

Tags: Blood transfusion, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Public safety
Download Judgment: English

Case 2015-470

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: Decision n° 2015-470 QPC
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The claimant water company alleged that France’s prohibition on allowing water providers to interrupt the provision of drinking water to users who did not pay their bills violated the constitutionally protected rights of contractual freedom and entrepreneurial freedom and the principles of equality before the law and public expenditures, especially considering that the electricity, heating, …Read more

Tags: Drinking water, Potable water
Download Judgment: English French

Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust v. C and V

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Protection
Citation: [2015] EWCOP 80
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Kings College Hospital challenged respondent C’s ability to decide to end life-saving treatment, effectively choosing to die, by alleging that she lacked mental capacity. C had attempted to commit suicide by ingesting 60 paracetamol tablets with champagne.  She made this decision shortly after undergoing  treatment for breast cancer and ending of a long term …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Suicide, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

The Queen (on the application of JK) v. Registrar General for England and Wales

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] EWHC 990 (Admin)
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant was a male-to-female transgendered woman who challenged the requirement that she was recorded as the father on her children’s birth certificates. Following the birth of her daughter, but before the birth of her son, the Claimant decided to live as a man and changed her name to a female name. The Claimant was …Read more

Tags: Gender identity, Gender reassignment, Homosexual, LGBTI, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual orientation, Tags: Gay, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

The Queen (on the application of IM and MM) v. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, Administrative Court
Citation: Case No. CO/3077/2014; [2015] EWHC 1706 (Admin)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

The issue of the case was whether AM, deceased daughter of IM and MM, gave sufficient informed consent to export her gametes to the U.S. to be fertilized there using a donor selected by her parents and used in the treatment of in vitro fertilization of her mother, IM. Even if it found that AM …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Cancer, Fertility, In utero fertilization, In vitro fertilization, Informed choice, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English
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