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356 judgments found.


Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Nyakaana v. National Environment Management Authority & 6 Ors.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UGSC 14
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The National Environment Management Authority (“NEMA”) demolished the petitioner’s house after serving notice that his residential property was in a wetland. He filed a Constitutional Petition in the Constitutional Court maintaining that his rights over his property and his right to a hearing and to an appeal had been violated. He claimed that Sections 67, …Read more

Tags: Clean water, Cleanliness, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Harm reduction, Pollution, Water pollution, Water safety
Download Judgment: English

AIDS Law Project v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 97 of 2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Petitioner, AIDS Law Project, brought suit against the Government of Kenya, arguing that Section 24 of the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act, No. 14 of 2006 (the Act) was unconstitutional. The Petitioner argued that Section 24 of the Act was vague and overbroad, and therefore unconstitutional. Section 24 imposed criminal sanctions upon …Read more

Download Judgment: English

A.K. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 33011/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

After giving birth to a child with Down syndrome, the Petitioner (a forty years old woman) alleged that she was denied adequate and timely medical care in the form of antenatal screening tests. She claimed that her doctor failed to refer her for proper prenatal testing in accordance with the medical protocols in place. According to …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11577/06
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was severely disabled as a result of Down’s Syndrome. The applicant lived with her mother, her nearest relative. She often exhibited difficult behavior and towards the end of 2002 social workers had become extremely concerned about the impact on the physical and mental health of the applicant and her mother. On 31 January …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Detainee, Detention, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2104/2011
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Nikolai Valetov, a Russian national, was arrested and charged in June 2001 with murder by Kyrgyzstan authorities while living in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to maintaining that he was framed for this crime by the police, Valetov further claimed that he was tortured by the police so severely while in pre-trial detention that he was permanently …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Rape, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

M.M.M. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2136/2012, CCPR/C/108/D/2136/2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, nine persons held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged violations of various articles (named below) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”). The authors had different backgrounds. Two were Myanmarese citizens, six were Sri Lankan citizens, and one was a Kuwaiti citizen. They all entered Australian territorial waters on …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

F.K.A.G. et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2049/2011, CCPR/C/108/D/2094/2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, 37 Sri Lankan citizens held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged that the actions of the Australian government regarding their detention violated Articles 7, 9, 10, 17, 23, and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”).   At the time of the submission, all of the authors were …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Child development, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Refugees, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Suarez Peralta v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2013
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C, No. 261, May 21, 2013
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

On June 28, 2000, Melba Suarez Peralta visited Dr. Emilio Guerrero Gutierrez as a result of abdomen pain, vomits, and fever. She was diagnosed with chronic appendicitis and informed she needed surgery. Three days later, she visited Guerrero in a private clinic and underwent appendix surgery performed by Dr. Jenny Bohorquez and assisted by Guerrero. …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compensation, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Law enforcement, Negligence, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Petukhova v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28796/07
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, Petukhova, argued that she was deprived of her liberty when she was forced to have an involuntary examination. She alleged that this violated Article 5 § 1 (b) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”), which protects the right to liberty and security of person. In December 2005, …Read more

Tags: Compulsory examination, Forced examination, Informed consent, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental health, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Taha v. Broadmeadows Magistrates’ Court; Brookes v. Magistrates’ Court of Victoria

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria Court of Appeal
Citation: [2013] VSCA 37
Health Topics: Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Mr. Taha was arrested for failing to pay outstanding traffic fines and was sentenced to imprisonment by a magistrate after a hearing. Mr. Taha was intellectually disabled and had been certified as such and placed on a Justice Plan. Neither his legal representative nor the magistrate were aware of this, but if they were they …Read more

Tags: Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Mental disability
Download Judgment: English

Case EAND/0895/02/13

Country: Armenia
Year: 2013
Court: Civil Court of Appeal [Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Վերաքննիչ քաղաքացիական դատարան]
Citation: Case № ԵԱՆԴ/0895/02/13
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant, Zhuleta Amarikyan, was compulsorily committed to inpatient psychiatric treatment on the request of the head of the psychiatric clinic. Amarikyan was diagnosed with acute delirium syndrome and was described as being a danger to herself and others and unable to control her actions. At the time of the trial of Amarikyan’s commitment, Amarikyan …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Armenian

Case EKD/0077/11/12

Country: Armenia
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Cassation (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Վճռաբեկ դատարան)
Citation: Case No. ‘ԵԿԴ/0077/11/12’
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

Arman Antonyan, the son of the applicant Susanna Antonyan, died upon receiving treatment at a medical institution. A. Antonyan’s death was caused by acute liver failure resulted from the fulminant viral malignant hepatitis B. On May 31, 2010, S. Antonyan reported to the RA General Prosecutor’s Office that after her son A. Antonyan received treatment …Read more

Tags: Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Infertility, Negligence, Public hospitals, Testing
Download Judgment: English Armenian

Munjaz v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2913/06; [2012] ECHR 1704
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicant, a UK citizen born in 1947, alleged that the seclusion policy (“Policy”) of Ashworth Special Hospital (“Ashworth”), the maximum security hospital where he was committed for a mental illness, violated the European Convention on Human Rights. After several instances of incarceration and hospitalization on account of various mental health issues, the applicant was …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius

Country: United States
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to property
Facts:

After significant political struggles, the US Congress enacted the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010. This act had two components, 1) it obligated individuals to maintain “‘minimum essential’ health insurance coverage” through an individual mandate, 2) it contained an expansion of the federal Medicaid program that is run by US states. The constitutionality …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Poor
Download Judgment: English

Gunan v. Kyrgyzstan

Country: Kyrgyzstan
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1545/2007; CCPR/C/102/D/1545/2007
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 21 May 1998 an unidentified person left a bag containing an improvised explosive device (‘IED’) in a minibus in Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Unaware of its contents, the driver of the minibus gave the bag to someone to hold in case the owner came back to claim it. On 1 June 1998, the IED in the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Police, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English Russian

Stanev v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36760/06
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

S, an adult male diagnosed with schizophrenia, lived for many years with his half-sister and step-mother, his closest living relatives, before they applied in 2000 to the Ruse Regional Court to have S declared legally incapacitated. The court declared S only partially incapacitated. S’s family refused to accept guardianship for S, and the court instead …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Examination, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Low income, Malnutrition, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Poor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Sykora v. Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 23419/07; [2012] ECHR 1960
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Milan Sykora, a Czech national, suffered from a psycho-social disability and did not take his medication because he claimed it negatively affected his eyesight. In November 2000 the Brno Municipal Court deprived Sykora of his capacity to make legal decisions after he failed to collect his pension for four years. The decision was made based …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary examination, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory examination, Mandatory testing, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Paranoia, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

The Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case deals with the destruction of the Mayan community of Río Negro by a series of massacres perpetrated by the Guatemalan army and members of the civil self-defence patrols in 1980 and 1982 which, according to the IACmHR, included the persecution and elimination of members of the Mayan community, subsequent violations directed against the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Assault, Budget, Child development, Children, Health promotion, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Public hospital, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Gerasimov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2012
Court: Committee Against Torture
Citation: Communication No. 433/2010; CAT/C/48/D/433/2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

In March 2007, the complainant went to the local police station, the Kostanai City Southern Department of Internal Affairs, where his stepson was being detained. Upon arrival, he was detained by five police officers and questioned about the death of an elderly neighbor. After stating he did not murder the women he was beaten by …Read more

Tags: Assault, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Examination, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Police, Torture, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Bajić v. Croatia

Country: Croatia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 41108/10
Health Topics: Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant’s sister died in 1994 after being admitted to the hospital for an abdominal tumor. The applicant lodged a series of criminal, administrative, and civil complaints against Dr. V.B., a surgeon and a professor at the University of Zagreb Medical Faculty. The applicant alleged medical malpractice and bribery. In 1994, the applicant lodged a …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Damages, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Negligence, Remedies, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Déogratias Niyonzima v. Burundi

Country: Burundi
Year: 2012
Court: Committee Against Torture
Citation: Communication No. 514/2012; U.N. Doc. CAT/C/53/D/514/2012
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Niyonzima was secretary general of the Peoples Reconciliation Party in Burundi. On August 1, 2006 Niyonzima was arrested outside his home by 20 armed police men. No reason was given for his arrest. Niyonzima was taken first to the National Intelligence Service and then back to his home. His home was searched and items were …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Humiliating treatment, Torture
Download Judgment: English

NASA v. Nelson

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 746 (2011)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to background checks for government jobs on the basis of constitutional privacy.  Nelson and twenty-seven other federal contract employees, working for NASA at a government laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, claimed that two elements of a standard employment background investigation violated their constitutional rights:  a questionnaire that asked …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health data, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, People who use drugs, Secrecy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Ibrahim Sangor Osman v. Minister of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security

Country: Kenya
Year: 2011
Court: High Court of Kenya at Embu
Citation: (2011) eKLR (Kenya).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to housing, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The petitioners claimed that a group of armed police officers arrived on their land and without warning or a court order begun demolishing the houses and structures of the petitioners, leaving them homeless. Further, they alleged that police used tear gas and physical violence to evict the petitioners, who were resisting the demolition. The petitioners …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Clean water, Drinking water, Food, Forced displacement, Police, Potable water, Refugees, Safe drinking water
Download Judgment: English
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