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177 judgments found.


Caleb Orozco v. Attorney General of Belize

Country: Belize
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Belize
Citation: Claim 668 of 2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant, Caleb Orozco, a citizen of Belize was a homosexual male and a health educator. In the Supreme Court of Belize, he challenged the constitutional validity of Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code to the extent that it criminalized anal sex between two consenting male adults. Section 53 of the Criminal Code stated …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Assault, Buggery, Bullying, Counselling, Depression, Diagnostics, Gay, Hazing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Molestation, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

AIDS Law Project v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 97 of 2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Petitioner, AIDS Law Project, brought suit against the Government of Kenya, arguing that Section 24 of the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act, No. 14 of 2006 (the Act) was unconstitutional. The Petitioner argued that Section 24 of the Act was vague and overbroad, and therefore unconstitutional. Section 24 imposed criminal sanctions upon …Read more

Download Judgment: English

L.G v. Republic of Korea

Country: South Korea
Year: 2015
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Citation: Communication No. 51/2012; U.N. Doc. CERD/C/86/D/51/2012
Health Topics: Controlled substances, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

L.G, a New Zealand national, was employed as an English teacher in the Republic of Korea. She held an E-2 working visa for “native speaker conversation instructors.” Korea required all persons holding an E-2 working visa to undergo testing for HIV/AIDS and illegal drugs at a government hospital before they could register as alien residents …Read more

Tags: Compulsory testing, Drug use, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People who use drugs
Download Judgment: English

Case C‐528/13

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: Case C‐528/13 Geoffrey Léger v Ministre des Affaires sociales, de la Santé et des Droits des femmes, Établissement français du sang
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The case concerned whether France could permanently defer men who have had sex with another man from blood donation. Mr. Léger went to a collection center to donate blood, but his blood donation was refused on the ground that he had had sexual intercourse with another man. The decision was based on a French decree …Read more

Tags: Blood transfusion, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Public safety
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General, et al. v. Dickson Tapela, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Gaborone
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Case 1: Tapela and Piye, two Zimbabwean nationals imprisoned in Botswana, both contracted HIV in prison. They were refused antiretroviral treatment for their condition based on a internal directive issued by the national government to all public medical institutions and personnel on March 26, 2004, indicating that testing, assessment, and treatment with antiretroviral and highly active …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Levan Asatiani, et al. v. Minister of Labour, Health and Social Affairs

Country: Georgia
Year: 2014
Court: Constitutional Court [საქართველოს საკონსტიტუციო სასამართლო]
Citation: Case #2/1/536
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Minister of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia issued orders by which “homosexuals” were prohibited from donating blood or its components. The plaintiffs self-identified as homosexuals and, accordingly were impacted by the order. The plaintiffs alleged that the regulations of the Minister of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia were in contradiction …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Hepatitis, HIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Smallpox, STDs, STIs, Testing, Transmission
Download Judgment: English Georgian

National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [(2014) 5 SCC 438]
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Members of transgender community sought a legal declaration of their gender identity, instead of the male or female identity assigned to them at the time of their birth, claiming that that non-recognition of their gender identity violated Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India (the “Constitution”). Hijras and eunuchs, who were also members …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, AIDS, Gender identity, Gender reassignment, HIV, HIV positive, Intersex, LGBTI, Most-at-risk, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual assault, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Transgender, Transsexual
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Rosemary Namubiru v. Uganda

Country: Uganda
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: HCT-00-CR-CN---0050-2014
Health Topics: Aging, Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice
Facts:

Appellant Rosemary Namubiru was charged with and convicted of committing a negligent act likely to spread infection of disease, contrary to Section 171 of Uganda’s Penal Code Act. Appellant worked as a nurse at Victoria Clinic, a public hospital in Kampala. On 7 January 2013, appellant began intravenous administration of antibiotics to two-year-old Mathew Mushabe. …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Duty of care, Elderly, Infant health; Pediatric health; Minor, Negligence; Standard of care; Health care workers; Health care professionals, Older persons, Public hospitals; HIV; HIV positive; Transmission; Hepatitis
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Centre For Legal Resources On Behalf of Valentin Câmpeanu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 222 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The application was lodged by Centre for Legal Resources (CLR) on behalf of Campeanu, who was born in 1985 and died in 2004. He was abandoned at birth and was diagnosed as being HIV positive and suffered from a mental disability. In 2003, Mr. Campeanu had to leave the centre. Two assessments of his health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinics, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.

Country: United States
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 570 U.S. ___ (2013)
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

The United States Leadership against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 (Leadership Act), 22 U.S.C. §7601 set forth a strategy to globally combat the spread of HIV/AIDS. Congress authorized the appropriation of billions of dollars to fund efforts by nongovernmental organizations working in this area. The Leadership Act’s conditions stated that: (1) No funds …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Contraception, Contraceptives, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sex workers, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Suresh Kumar Koushal and another v. Naz Foundation and others

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal No. 10972 of 2013
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (the Section) penalized voluntary “carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal” and described them as “unnatural offences.” An offence under this Section was non-bailable and carried a maximum punishment of life imprisonment. Naz Foundation, the Petitioner, was an NGO working in …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Bisexual, Buggery, Criminalization, Gay, Gender identity, HIV, Homosexual, Law enforcement, Lesbian, LGBTI, Sexual orientation, Sodomy, Transgender
Download Judgment: English

Salakhov and Islyamova v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28005/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The first applicant is Mr. Linar Irekovich Salakhov, who alleged that he had not received prompt and adequate medical care while in detention. Following his death, his mother Ms. Aliya Fazylovna Islyamova pursued the application on his behalf and joined her own complaints to the case. In 2005, Salakhov first tested positive for HIV, though …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, Police, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Felix

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2013 ONCA 415
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

As a result of his alleged non-disclosure of his HIV-positive status to 3 complainants prior to engaging in sexual relations, the appellant (defendant), Lester Felix, was convicted of five counts of aggravated sexual assault and one count of sexual assault. Felix appealed all convictions. There was no evidence of the appellant’s level of risk of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Georgina Ahamefule v. Imperial Medical Centre

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Lagos State
Citation: Suit No. ID/16272000
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

The Plaintiff was a nurse at a medical centre. Defendants were the medical centre and a doctor at the centre. While employed at the medical centre, the Plaintiff became pregnant and developed a skin disorder. She sought medical attention and the Defendant doctor performed several diagnostic tests. Neither the nature nor the outcome of the tests …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Compensation, Compulsory testing, Damages, Duty of care, Employment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Miscarriage, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Shchebetov v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 21731/02
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant had contracted HIV and Tuberculosis while in prison, and alleged that he was denied adequate medical care in violation of his Article 2 (right to life) and Article 3 (prohibition on torture or inhuman or degrading treatment) rights under the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention”). In 1997, the applicant was sentenced to …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Custody, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

R.C. v. Minister of Health & Children

Country: Ireland
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Ireland
Citation: 2012 [IEHC] 204
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case was about whether a woman who contracted HIV infection from her partner qualified for compensation under Section 4(1)(g) of the Hepatitis C Compensation Act 1997 (the “Act”) as a spouse. R.C. was a 26-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed positive for HIV, and A.F. was her partner who had been compensated by the …Read more

Tags: Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, People living with HIV/AIDS, Sexually transmitted diseases, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Koryak v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application number 24677/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was arrested and convicted of murder. The applicant alleged that he had not received proper medical attention while in detention and his detention and refusal to release despite his serious medical condition amounted to cruel treatment. He was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment in 2004. The applicant had been suffering from Tuberculosis …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Lung disease, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Mr. Y and Mr. X v. Secretary to the Government, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2011
Court: High Court - Madras
Citation: 2011 (1) CTC 645
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

Mr. Y, Petitioner No.1, was a person belonging to the backward class. He held a valid driving license and was asked to apply for an interview to the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, Respondent, for the post of a driver. He was asked to submit his medical fitness certificate and certificate relating to eyesight to …Read more

Tags: HIV positive, HIV status, Occupational health and safety, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Kiyutin v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2700/10, (2011) 53 EHRR 26; [2011] ECHR 439
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

K was born in the Uzbek SSR of the Soviet Union and acquired Uzbekistan citizenship following the collapse of the USSR. In October 2002, K’s brother purchased a house in the Oryol Region of Russia. In 2003, K, his half brother and their mother moved into this house. In July 2003, K married a Russian …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs

Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services

Country: Canada
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2011] 3 S.C.R. 134; [2011] S.C.C. 44
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Insite was a medical facility that supervised intravenous drug use. It was established in response to escalating intravenous drug use and a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C infections among the population of the downtown eastside (DTES) area of Vancouver. In 2003, pursuant to section 56 of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Clinics, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Heroin, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Most-at-risk, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Case No. STS 3527/11

Country: Spain
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

Appellee was diagnosed with HIV in 1994. In 1996, he began a relationship with appellant, during which time he used condoms but did not inform appellant of his HIV-positive status. The condom broke on several occasions, and ultimately appellant became pregnant and HIV-positive, and when she gave birth to their daughter, the daughter also was …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Childbirth, Children, Condoms, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English
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