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57 judgments found.


Carter v. Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2015 SCC 5
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

After Plaintiff Gloria Taylor was diagnosed with a terminal illness in 2009, she challenged the constitutionality of the Canadian Criminal Code Section 241(b), which prohibited assistance in dying. The trial court held that the law was unconstitutional and granted Taylor an exemption from the law. The Court of Appeal reversed, basing their decision on the …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Counseling, Disabled, Informed choice, Leukemia, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Allen v. Alberta

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Alberta Court of Appeal
Citation: 2015 ABCA 277
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Mr. Allen was a dentist who required a back operation. A multi-year wait time to be treated within the Alberta health care system and increased pain forced Mr. Allen to sell his dental practice to pay for surgery in Montana (a state in the United States) instead of waiting an additional 18 months to have …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Subsidies, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Hopkins v. Kay

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: [2015] O.J. No. 751
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

A class of approximately 280 individuals whose medical records were improperly accessed by hospital staff filed suit against the hospital employees. The class alleged that the breaches the staff caused and the hospital’s failure to monitor and implement policies to protect the information led to a breach under the common law tort of intrusion upon …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Hamilton Health Sciences Corp. v. D.H., et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Ontario Court of Justice
Citation: 2014 ONCJ 603; 2015 ONCJ 229
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The applicant hospital sought a declaration that J.J., an 11-year-old girl, was a child in need of protection under the Child and Family Services Act (“CFSA”). J.J. was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (“ALL”). If treated with chemotherapy, J.J.’s physicians believed that she had a 90-95% chance of being cured. The physicians were not aware …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Children, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Leukemia, Minor, Pediatric health, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English

Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 SCC 72
Health Topics: Occupational health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Right to favorable working conditions, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to work
Facts:

Three applicants, who were all current or former prostitutes, challenged the constitutionality of three provisions of the Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985. The three provisions outlawed “bawdy-houses” (also referred to as brothels), “living on the avails” (living off of a prostitutes profits), and public communication with prostitutes. Prostitution was legal in Canada, however, Parliament was allowed …Read more

Tags: Assault, Criminalization, Indigent, Job safety, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Poor, Rape, Safe working conditions, Sex workers, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English French

Thompson, et al. v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Citation: 2013 ONSC 5392
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

The Court examined the constitutionality of Brian’s Law, which was passed in 2000 after a man named Brian Smith was fatally shot by an untreated schizophrenic. The law included expanded committal criteria and allowed for involuntary admission for individuals who had experienced “substantial mental deterioration,”even if they were not necessarily a danger to others. In …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Examination, Health regulation, Incapacity, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Cuthbertson v. Rasouli

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 SCC 53
Health Topics: Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

Doctors Cuthbertson and Rubenfeld sought a declaration that the withdrawal of life support from a patient was not treatment requiring consent under the Health Care Consent Act (“HCCA”) where its continued provision is deemed futile. In 2010, following surgery to remove a benign brain tumor, Mr. Rasouli contracted an infection that caused severe brain damage. …Read more

Tags: Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Inglis v. British Columbia (Minister of Public Safety)

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: British Columbia Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 BCSC 2309
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Poverty, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The plaintiffs brought a case before the British Columbia Supreme Court following the 2006-2007 decision by the Ministry of Public Safety to cancel the Mother Baby Program at the Alouette Correctional Centre for Women, a women’s prison. This program had allowed incarcerated mothers and their babies to live at the institution together, subject to the …Read more

Tags: Breastfeeding, Child development, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Infant health, Inmate, Jail, Low income, Maternal health, Pediatric health, Poor, Prison conditions, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Cojocaru v. British Columbia Women’s Hospital and Health Centre

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The plaintiff, who had previously given birth via caesarean section, was due to give birth a second time. Her obstetrician recommended a vaginal birth. During labor, Cojocaru’s uterus ruptured, which restricted oxygen supply to the baby. The scar from the previous caesarean contributed to the rupture, and an emergency caesarean section was performed. The baby …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Child development, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Differently abled, Disabled, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inadequate treatment, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Parental consent, Parental notification, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English French

Logan v. Hong

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Appeal for British Columbia
Citation: 2013 BCCA 249
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information, Medicines
Facts:

The plaintiff qualified for a class action suit and sought to gather members to the class. The class action was filed for physical harm suffered by patients who were injected with a cosmetic facial filler called Dermalive manufactured by Dermatech, Intradermal Distribution Inc., and Vivier Pharma Inc. The plaintiff proposed to directly notify class members …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug enforcement, Drug quality, Drug safety, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health records, Manufacturing, Medical records, Pharmaceuticals
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Court of Appeals for Ontario
Citation: 2012 ONCA 342
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Centre for Addition and Mental Health (CAMH) and the Mental Health Centre Penetanguichene (MHCP)appealed an order by the Mental Disorder Court to send a person accused of sexual assault to a hospital for psychiatric treatment. The judge knew that beds for treatment would not be available until six days later. The appeal was on …Read more

Tags: care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Criminalization, Custody, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Harm reduction, Health care professionals, Health facilities, Imprisonment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Inmate, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Prison conditions, Private hospitals, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services

Country: Canada
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2011] 3 S.C.R. 134; [2011] S.C.C. 44
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Insite was a medical facility that supervised intravenous drug use. It was established in response to escalating intravenous drug use and a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C infections among the population of the downtown eastside (DTES) area of Vancouver. In 2003, pursuant to section 56 of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Clinics, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Heroin, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Most-at-risk, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Cambie Surgeries Corp. v. British Columbia (Medical Services Commission)

Country: Canada
Year: 2010
Court: Court of Appeal for British Columbia
Citation: 2010 BCCA 396
Health Topics: Health systems and financing
Facts:

In British Columbia (“BC”), the Medical Protections Act (“MPA”) prevents physicians who have opted out of BC’s public health care scheme from charging patients more than the amount charged for services under the public fee schedule. The Cambie Surgeries Corporation (“Cambie”) faced complaints of overbilling patients and “double dipping” – billing both the patient and …Read more

Tags: Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Reimbursement
Download Judgment: English

A.C. v. Manitoba

Country: Canada
Year: 2009
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2009] 2 R.C.S.; 2009 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

A.C., a child and a Jehovah’s Witness, suffered from Crohn’s disease. She had signed an advance medical affidavit containing her instructions not to be given blood under any circumstances. At the age of 14, she was admitted to hospital and refused to consent to the receipt of blood. The Director of Child and Family Services …Read more

Tags: Children, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Doige v. British Columbia

Country: Canada
Year: 2008
Court: British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal
Citation: [2008] B.C.H.R.T. 158
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

Plaintiff Roland Doige alleged that the health premium policies of the Ministry of Finance of British Columbia discriminated against him as a single person. A single beneficiary of the Medical Services Plan (“MSP”) paid a monthly premium rate of CAD 54.00, which was up to CAD 6.00 more per person than would be paid by …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Wyndowe v. Rousseau & Anor.

Country: Canada
Year: 2008
Court: Federal Court of Appeal
Citation: 2008 FCA 39
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

R received long-term disability benefits from an insurer, Maritime Life (“ML”). Pursuant to the terms of that insurance policy, ML had the right to commission an independent medical examination (“IME”) of R. ML retained the services of W to complete an IME on R. Following completion of the IME, W sent a formal written report …Read more

Tags: Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Walter Obodzinsky, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 2007
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1124/2002, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/89/D/1124/2002 (2007)
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to acquire nationality, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The author, an elderly Canadian national in poor health, alleged that citizenship revocation proceedings against him violated his rights under articles 6, 7, 9, 14, and 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”). The author was a Polish national who came to Canada in 1946 under a government order where …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Elderly, Heart disease, Humiliating treatment, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Older persons, Senior citizens, Torture
Download Judgment: English French Spanish

Canada (Attorney General) v. JTI-MacDonald Corp., et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2007] 2 S.C.R. 610, 2007 S.C.C. 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression
Facts:

The Canadian Parliament enacted the Tobacco Act (the Act) and the Tobacco Products Information Regulations (the Regulations) in response to the decision of the Court in RJR-Macdonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General) [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311, which struck down a previous version of the Act. The new legislation permitted information and brand-preference advertising but prohibited …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Children, Minor, Pediatric health, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English French

Association pour l’acces a l’avortement v. Quebec (Procureur general)

Country: Canada
Year: 2006
Court: Cour Supérieure du Québec (Quebec Superior Court)
Citation: 2006 Q.C.C.S. 4694
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

This case is a class action against the Quebec government aimed at obtaining a reimbursement for voluntary terminations of pregnancy services obtained in private clinics. After the 1988 landmark case of R v Morgentaler found a right to elective abortion, the Ministry of Health had been slow in developing ministerial guidance on family planning. At …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Budget, Clinics, Health expenditures, Health insurance, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Reimbursement, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English French

James Demers v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 2006
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 85/06, Petition P-225-04, October 21, 2006; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.127, Doc. 4 rev. 1, 3 March 2007
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right to life
Facts:

This report addresses the admissibility of a petition that alleged Canada failed to fulfill its obligations under the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration), including protection of the right to life, the right of special protection of women during pregnancy and the freedom of expression and dissemination of ideas. Anti-abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Criminalization, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Partial birth abortion, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Tranchemontagne v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 2006
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2006 SCC 14
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

T and W applied for support pursuant to the Ontario Disability Support Program Act, 1997 (‘the Act’). Their applications were denied by the Director of the Program and an internal review confirmed the Director’s decision. The Social Benefits Tribunal (‘the Tribunal’) dismissed the appeals pursuant to s 5(2) of the Act based on its finding …Read more

Tags: Disabled
Download Judgment: English French

Chaoulli v. Quebec (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2005
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2005 S.C.C. 35, [2005] 1 S.C.R. 791
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Section 15 of the Health Insurance Act (HEIA) and s. 11 of the Hospital Insurance Act (HOIA) prohibited Quebec residents from taking out private health insurance for services covered by Quebec’s public health care plan. The two Appellants, Jacques Chaoulli and George Zeliotis, contested the validity of this prohibition.  They alleged that these prohibitions deprived …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Budget, Emergency care, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Primary care, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Secondary care, Social security
Download Judgment: English French

Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 2004
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2004] 1 S.C.R. 76; I.L.D.C. 177 (CA 2004); 2004 S.C.C. 4
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

This case involved a challenge to the constitutionality of s. 43 of the Criminal Code, which excluded reasonable physical correction of children by parents and teachers from the definition of assault under the Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, s.265. The Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth and the Law (the Foundation) sought a declaration to …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Minor, Pediatric health, Torture
Download Judgment: English French

Auton (Guardian ad litem of) v. British Columbia (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2004
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2004] 3 S.C.R. 657; [2004] S.C.C. 78
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Connor Auton and his three co-petitioners were infant children suffering from autism. Applied Behavioral Analysis or Intensive Behavioral Intervention (ABA-IBI based therapy) was the only known, effective therapy for children with autism, although it remained a somewhat controversial and expensive treatment. Neither the Medicare Protection Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 286, nor the Canada Health Act, …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Disabled, Health funding, Health insurance, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Psychiatry, Psychology, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English French

R v. Malmo-Levine; R v. Caine

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2003] 3 SCR 571
Health Topics: Controlled substances
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

M described himself as a “marijuana/freedom activist” helping to operate a co-operative, non-profit association seeking to minimize the harm caused by marijuana use. The police raided the organisation’s premises and seized 300 grams of marijuana. M was charged with possession of marijuana for the purpose of trafficking pursuant to section 4(2) Narcotics Control Act 1985 …Read more

Tags: Drug abuse, Drug enforcement, Drug use, Marijuana, People who use drugs, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French

Starson v. Swayze

Country: Canada
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (2001) 201 D.L.R. (4th) 123, 146 O.A.C. 121, 33 Admin. L.R. (3d) 315
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The respondent Starson was a physicist who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder and had intermittently received treatment in various mental institutions in the United States and Canada. Historically, he had used medication to regulate the condition. However, the side effects dulled Starson’s mind, and he refused further treatment, despite being informed his condition would deteriorate …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Gosselin v. Quebec (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2002] 4 S.C.R. 429, 2002 S.C.C. 84
Health Topics: Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

In 1984 the Quebec government created a new social assistance scheme. Section 29(a) of the Regulation Respecting Social Aid (the Regulation), made under the 1984 Social Aid Act, set the base amount of welfare payable to persons under the age of 30 at roughly one third of the base amount payable to those 30 and …Read more

Tags: Indigent, Low income, Poor, Social security, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English French

Lalonde v. Ontario (Commission de Restructuration des Services de Santé)

Country: Canada
Year: 2001
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 56 OR (3d) 505; 208 DLR (4th) 577 (Ont CA)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Montfort Hospital appealed the Healthcare Services Restructuring Committee’s (HSRC) decision to transfer services away from the hospital. Montfort was a full-service, general hospital in Ontario that operated, trained health-care professionals and provided services in French on a full-time basis, servicing a large francophone population in eastern Ontario. Exercising its authority under the Public Hospitals Act, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health promotion, Health regulation, Health spending, Primary care, Public hospitals, Secondary care, Social security, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Strykiwsky v. Mills (in his capacity as Warden of Stony Mountain Institution)

Country: Canada
Year: 2000
Court: Federal Court - Trial Division
Citation: Court File no. T-389-00
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The applicant was an inmate of Warkworth prison and a long time heroin addict. While an inmate, the applicant sought to overcome this addiction. The Correctional Service of Canada had a 2-phase program to address addiction cases.  Phase I provided regular doses of methadone “only to those entering federal prison… already enrolled in a community …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Addiction, Drug abuse, Drug use, Emergency care, Heroin, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Methadone, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English French
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