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330 judgments found.


Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development & Anr. v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2018
Court: The High Court of Uganda at Kampala
Citation: Civil Suit No. 094 of 2015
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The plaintiff stated that the Butabika Hospital is the only public psychiatric hospital under the Ministry of Health in Uganda. Further it is the only mental referral hospital and cases referred to it by other health facilities are of acute conditions, which require a specialized and skilled management. A part of the procedure in the …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Cleanliness, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Humiliating treatment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory confinement, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

X v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2018
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 54646/17
Health Topics: Prisons, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

The applicant, a Russian national, arrived in Germany in 2002. In 2002 and 2011, the competent domestic authorities denied the applicant’s asylum requests. In 2012, the applicant was granted a residence permit, which was later prolonged until March 2018. In 2014, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution investigated the applicant due to …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detention, Execution, Forced disappearance, Inhuman treatment, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English

The Center for Health, Human Rights and Development & Ors. v. The Executive Director, Mulago National Referal Hospital & Anr.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2017
Court: The High Court of Uganda at Kampala
Citation: Civil Suit No. 212 of 2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

The 2nd and 3rd plaintiffs are husband and the wife. The 2nd plaintiff delivered two babies in the defendant hospital’s general ward but was discharged with only one baby. The defendants state that one of the babies was stillborn. The 2nd and the 3rd plaintiffs filed a police report for the loss their baby and …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Disclosure, Emergency care, Freedom of information, Health care technology, Health data, Health facilities, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Medical records, Minor, Non-disclosure, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Nelson v. Livermore

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 712
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Rodney Nelson sought judicial review of his involuntary admission to a psychiatric hospital under Ontario’s Mental Health Act (“MHA”) and an order for his immediate release due to rights infringements. Nelson had a lengthy history of crimes with many violent offences, including sexual offences against women and children. A psychiatrist completed an application for psychiatric …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Molestation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Devika Biswas v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2016
Court: The Supreme Court of India
Citation: (2016) 10 SCC 726
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner in the present case claimed that a sterilization camp managed by an NGO in Bihar was conducting sterilization without following any proper protocol. More than 50 women had undergone sterilization at the camp without being provided any kind of counseling and information about the procedure. The procedure of the sterilization was highly unsanitary; …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Clinics, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Health facilities, Informed choice, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Negligence, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

ABAR15 v Minister for Immigration and Border Protection

Country: Australia
Year: 2016
Court: Federal Court of Australia
Citation: (No 2) [2016] FCA 721
Health Topics: Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

This case addresses whether a protective visa under Australia’s Migration Act should be granted when appellant fears for her safety on return to her country because of domestic violence at the hands of her husband. A 54-year-old Vietnamese woman (appellant) was detained for being an unlawful non-citizen in Australia in 2014. She had remained in …Read more

Tags: Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Immigrants, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Alimov v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2016
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 14344/13
Health Topics: Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This case relates to the lawfulness and material conditions of the detention of an Uzbek refugee in Turkish holding facilities. The applicant and his family sought refuge in Turkey. The applicant was refused entry. He was placed in a detention facility at the airport pending his repatriation. The applicant’s new asylum request was rejected, to …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Cleanliness, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Immigrants, Immigration, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

Mambu v The Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country: Congo, DRC
Year: 2016
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2465/2014; UN Doc. CCPR/C/118/D/2465/2014
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to participation
Facts:

Eugène Diomi Ndongala Nzo Mambu was a national of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and president of the opposition political party in the State, challenging the legitimacy of an election. He alleged that he was abducted in 2012 and held incommunicado for three months and 13 days while being interrogated about his ties with …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

In the Matter of the Law on Termination of Pregnancy in Northern Ireland

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: The High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] NIQB 96; 2014 No. 125661/01
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (“Commission”) brought an application alleging that the rights of women in Northern Ireland who are or become pregnant with a serious malformation of the fetus (SMF), fatal fetal abnormality (FFA) or who are pregnant as a result of sexual crimes were being breached by Section 58 and Section 59 …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Disabled, Family planning, Health regulation, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Millicent Awuor Omuya& 1 Or. v. Attorney General & 4 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 562 of 2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The petitioners were two women who gave birth and were detained by Pumwani Hospital when they could not pay maternity fees in full upon discharge. The first petitioner was referred to the hospital with a potential breech birth and was detained for 24 days after discharge when she was unable to pay her hospital bill. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Caesarean, Childbirth, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Equality Now and Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association (EWLA) v. Federal Republic of Ethiopia

Country:
Year: 2015
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Communication 341/2007
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

A 13-year-old girl was abducted and raped by Aberew Jemma Negussie (accused) and his accomplices. The medical report proved non-consensual sexual intercourse. The accused was released on bail and he abducted the girl again and forced her to sign a marriage contract. The girl managed to escape. The accused was sentenced to 10 years of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Child marriage, Children, Minor, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Monim Elgak, Osman Hummeida and Amir Suliman v Sudan

Country: Sudan
Year: 2015
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
Citation: Communication 379/09
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The complainants were human rights activists who were arrested, tortured and ill-treated by the Intelligence Services of Sudan. They were also compelled to leave Sudan. Mr. Suliman’s human rights organization was further shut down by the Sudanese Authorities. During the interrogation, the authorities threatened to kill and rape Mr. Hummeida. He was further denied medical …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Bullying, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Heart diseases, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee on Behalf of Ionel Garcea v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2959/11
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Romanian NGO known as the Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee (“Association”), representing a deceased party, Ionel Garcea.  Garcea was a mentally ill prisoner who died in prison. During his sentence, he made a number of complaints about his treatment, with the Association representing him. In June …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Counseling, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Epilepsy, Examination, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Imprisonment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Lung disease, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pneumonia, Prison conditions, Psychosis, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Standard of care, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General, et al. v. Dickson Tapela, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Gaborone
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Case 1: Tapela and Piye, two Zimbabwean nationals imprisoned in Botswana, both contracted HIV in prison. They were refused antiretroviral treatment for their condition based on a internal directive issued by the national government to all public medical institutions and personnel on March 26, 2004, indicating that testing, assessment, and treatment with antiretroviral and highly active …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Asiye Genç v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 027 (2015)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section to a premature boy in a public hospital. The baby had breathing difficulties. There were no suitable neonatal wards in the hospital and therefore the doctors decided to move the baby to another public hospital, which was more than 100 kilometers away. The latter public hospital stated that …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Caesarean, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Clinics, Emergency care, Health facilities, Infant health, Infant mortality, Lung disease, Minor, Negligence, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English French

Giorgini v. Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 20034/11
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Hospitals, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Ms. Ebe Gigliola Giorgini, the applicant, is an Italian national who was born in 1933. In 2008, the applicant was convicted by the District Court for a number of different offenses, including criminal association, aggravated fraud, and ill-treatment. In 2010, the applicant underwent a second set of criminal proceedings. On June 9, 2010, the Pistoia …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Elderly, Health facilities, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Older persons, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Elberte v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2015
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 005 (2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s husband died in a car accident. She saw her husband’s body when he was transported from the Forensic department. His legs were tied and he was buried like that. After two years, criminal inquiry into illegal removal of organs and tissues were ensued by the Police. The applicant was told that her husband …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clinics, Disclosure, Emergency care, Examination, Health care technology, Health facilities, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Patient choice, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Standard of care, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

DD v. Secretary of State for Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: Royal Courts of London
Citation: [2014] EWHC 3820 (Admin)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The claimant, DD, a Somali man, was granted asylum and indefinite leave to remain shortly after his arrival in the UK in 2003. Due to his involvement in fundraising for Al-Shabaab, a Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measure (TPIM) was imposed in 2012. He was charged with breaching the TPIM, remanded into custody, and was sentenced …Read more

Tags: Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detention, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Mental disability, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Refugees, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Terrorism, Torture, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

I.V. v. Bolivia (Merits)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 72/14, Case 12.655; Merits I.V. BOLIVIA; August 15, 2014
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

I.V. went to a hospital for a cesarean section and was sterilized by her doctor. She alleged that the only questions that the doctor had asked her before the procedure were where she had her first cesarean section and whether she had previously had an infection. I.V. maintained that she was not given any information …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Blessington, et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1968/2010; CCPR/C/112/D/1968/2010
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The claimants, who were serving life imprisonment sentences, claimed that the state of Australia had violated articles 7, 10, 15 and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“Covenant”), particularly the right to freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman, and/or degrading treatment. The claimants were jointly tried for the murder, abduction, and …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment
Download Judgment: English

Centre For Legal Resources On Behalf of Valentin Câmpeanu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 222 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The application was lodged by Centre for Legal Resources (CLR) on behalf of Campeanu, who was born in 1985 and died in 2004. He was abandoned at birth and was diagnosed as being HIV positive and suffered from a mental disability. In 2003, Mr. Campeanu had to leave the centre. Two assessments of his health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinics, Health facilities, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: English

Case 562/13

Country: Belgium
Year: 2014
Court: Grand Chamber
Citation: C-562/13. Centre public d’action sociale d’Ottgnies-Louvain-la-Neuve v. Moussa Abdida
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

Mr. Abdida, a Niegrian national, was in Belgium seeking asylum from torture and inhuman treatment. While in Belgium, he suffered from a serious illness and submitted an application to reside in Belgium on medical grounds. The application was accepted, and he began receiving social assistance from the Public Social Action Centre of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve (“CPAS”). In 2011, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Emergency care, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English French

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2104/2011
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Nikolai Valetov, a Russian national, was arrested and charged in June 2001 with murder by Kyrgyzstan authorities while living in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to maintaining that he was framed for this crime by the police, Valetov further claimed that he was tortured by the police so severely while in pre-trial detention that he was permanently …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Rape, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Canadian Doctors for Refugee Care, et al. v. Attorney General of Canada et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Federal Court
Citation: (2014) FC 651
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

In 2012, the Governor-in-Council passed two orders modifying the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP), thereby reducing health insurance coverage for refugee and asylum claimants in Canada. Canadian Doctors for Refugee Care (CDRC) and two groups of lawyers challenged the changes to the program to restore better coverage as the changes had a significant negative impact …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Migrants, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Refugees, Reimbursement, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Shatrughan Chauhan and another v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition 55 of 2013
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Fifteen criminal convicts sentenced to the death penalty challenged their sentences as in violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which protects the right to life. They claimed that the executive orders rejecting their mercy petitions were passed without considering supervening events, including delay, insanity, solitary confinement, and procedural lapses. Two convicts alleged that the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Isolation, Jail, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English
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