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287 judgments found.


Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

In the Matter of the Law on Termination of Pregnancy in Northern Ireland

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: The High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] NIQB 96; 2014 No. 125661/01
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (“Commission”) brought an application alleging that the rights of women in Northern Ireland who are or become pregnant with a serious malformation of the fetus (SMF), fatal fetal abnormality (FFA) or who are pregnant as a result of sexual crimes were being breached by Section 58 and Section 59 …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Disabled, Family planning, Health regulation, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Glossip et al. v. Gross et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 576 U.S. __ (2015)
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The state of Oklahoma adopted lethal injection as its method of execution for inmates on death row. The injection consisted of a three-drug protocol of (1) sodium thiopental (a barbiturate) to induce unconsciousness, (2) a paralytic agent to inhibit all muscular-skeletal movements, and (3) potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. The Supreme Court had previously ruled …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Detention, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Wong Ho Wing v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2015
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Wong Ho Wing, a Chinese citizen, was wanted by the judicial authorities of Hong Kong, China for smuggling, money laundering, bribery, and tax evasion. He was arrested at the Lima airport as he attempted to enter Peru from the United States. China and Peru had entered into an extradition treaty in 2001 that obligated both …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee on Behalf of Ionel Garcea v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2959/11
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Romanian NGO known as the Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee (“Association”), representing a deceased party, Ionel Garcea.  Garcea was a mentally ill prisoner who died in prison. During his sentence, he made a number of complaints about his treatment, with the Association representing him. In June …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Counseling, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Epilepsy, Examination, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Imprisonment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Lung disease, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pneumonia, Prison conditions, Psychosis, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Standard of care, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Millicent Awuor Omuya& 1 Or. v. Attorney General & 4 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 562 of 2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The petitioners were two women who gave birth and were detained by Pumwani Hospital when they could not pay maternity fees in full upon discharge. The first petitioner was referred to the hospital with a potential breech birth and was detained for 24 days after discharge when she was unable to pay her hospital bill. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Caesarean, Childbirth, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General, et al. v. Dickson Tapela, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Gaborone
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Case 1: Tapela and Piye, two Zimbabwean nationals imprisoned in Botswana, both contracted HIV in prison. They were refused antiretroviral treatment for their condition based on a internal directive issued by the national government to all public medical institutions and personnel on March 26, 2004, indicating that testing, assessment, and treatment with antiretroviral and highly active …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Valetov v. Kazakhstan

Country: Kazakhstan
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2104/2011
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Nikolai Valetov, a Russian national, was arrested and charged in June 2001 with murder by Kyrgyzstan authorities while living in Kyrgyzstan. In addition to maintaining that he was framed for this crime by the police, Valetov further claimed that he was tortured by the police so severely while in pre-trial detention that he was permanently …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Asylum, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Rape, TB, Torture, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Blessington, et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2014
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1968/2010; CCPR/C/112/D/1968/2010
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The claimants, who were serving life imprisonment sentences, claimed that the state of Australia had violated articles 7, 10, 15 and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“Covenant”), particularly the right to freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman, and/or degrading treatment. The claimants were jointly tried for the murder, abduction, and …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment
Download Judgment: English

Tali v. Estonia

Country: Estonia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 66393/10; [2014] ECHR 294
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Mr. Tali, an Estonian sentenced to life in prison, claimed he was subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment contrary to Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”). On July 3 2009, Tali was told he would be taken to a punishment cell. The guards used defensive equipment …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail
Download Judgment: English

DD v. Secretary of State for Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: Royal Courts of London
Citation: [2014] EWHC 3820 (Admin)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The claimant, DD, a Somali man, was granted asylum and indefinite leave to remain shortly after his arrival in the UK in 2003. Due to his involvement in fundraising for Al-Shabaab, a Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measure (TPIM) was imposed in 2012. He was charged with breaching the TPIM, remanded into custody, and was sentenced …Read more

Tags: Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detention, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Mental disability, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Refugees, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Terrorism, Torture, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

I.V. v. Bolivia (Merits)

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 72/14, Case 12.655; Merits I.V. BOLIVIA; August 15, 2014
Health Topics: Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

I.V. went to a hospital for a cesarean section and was sterilized by her doctor. She alleged that the only questions that the doctor had asked her before the procedure were where she had her first cesarean section and whether she had previously had an infection. I.V. maintained that she was not given any information …Read more

Tags: Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 562/13

Country: Belgium
Year: 2014
Court: Grand Chamber
Citation: C-562/13. Centre public d’action sociale d’Ottgnies-Louvain-la-Neuve v. Moussa Abdida
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

Mr. Abdida, a Niegrian national, was in Belgium seeking asylum from torture and inhuman treatment. While in Belgium, he suffered from a serious illness and submitted an application to reside in Belgium on medical grounds. The application was accepted, and he began receiving social assistance from the Public Social Action Centre of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve (“CPAS”). In 2011, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Emergency care, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English French

Shatrughan Chauhan and another v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition 55 of 2013
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Fifteen criminal convicts sentenced to the death penalty challenged their sentences as in violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which protects the right to life. They claimed that the executive orders rejecting their mercy petitions were passed without considering supervening events, including delay, insanity, solitary confinement, and procedural lapses. Two convicts alleged that the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Isolation, Jail, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

M.M.M. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2136/2012, CCPR/C/108/D/2136/2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, nine persons held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged violations of various articles (named below) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”). The authors had different backgrounds. Two were Myanmarese citizens, six were Sri Lankan citizens, and one was a Kuwaiti citizen. They all entered Australian territorial waters on …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

F.K.A.G. et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2049/2011, CCPR/C/108/D/2094/2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, 37 Sri Lankan citizens held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged that the actions of the Australian government regarding their detention violated Articles 7, 9, 10, 17, 23, and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”).   At the time of the submission, all of the authors were …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Child development, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Refugees, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Salakhov and Islyamova v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28005/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The first applicant is Mr. Linar Irekovich Salakhov, who alleged that he had not received prompt and adequate medical care while in detention. Following his death, his mother Ms. Aliya Fazylovna Islyamova pursued the application on his behalf and joined her own complaints to the case. In 2005, Salakhov first tested positive for HIV, though …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, Police, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Aswat v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 17299/12
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The applicant was a man suffering from severe paranoid schizophrenia. He was indicted in the United State as a co-conspirator in an effort to establish a jihad training camp in Oregon. At the time of trial, the applicant was detained in a hospital in the UK and was subject to an extradition request made by …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Isolation, Jail, Mental illness, Prison conditions, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Terrorism
Download Judgment: English

Z v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46132/08
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s pregnant daughter died in 2004 of septic shock at Barlicki Hospital in Poland. The applicant alleged her daughter’s death was caused by negligence and filed claims under the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”) for violation of her daughter’s rights to life under Article 2, to freedom from …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Conscientious objection, Degrading treatment, Disclosure, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Negligence, Pregnancy; Termination of pregnancy, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

P. and S. v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 57375/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were a Polish girl who was raped at the age of 14, resulting in pregnancy, and her mother. The applicants alleged that, when they sought an abortion, which is legal under Polish law for pregnancy resulting from rape, hospital staff attempted to dissuade the girl from having an abortion. At one hospital, she …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Conscientious objection, Counseling, Disclosure, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

B v. Waitemata District Health Board

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2013
Court: High Court
Citation: [2013] NZHC 1702
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to privacy
Facts:

In this case applicants argued that the no-smoking policy of the Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB)and the consequent prohibition of smoking in hospitals and surrounding grounds violated their right not to be subjected to torture or cruel treatment, the right to be treated with humanity, the right to respect private life, and the right to …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Health regulation, Mental disorder, Passive smoking, Psychiatry, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

N.B. v Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: N.B. v Slovakia, App. No. 29518/10, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2012).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

Ms. N.B. was of Roma ethnic origin. She was sterilized at a public hospital, at the age of 17, during the birth of her second child. Ms. N.B. asserted that she had been coerced into signing authorizations for her sterilization, that she was segregated within the hospital due to her ethnicity and that the decision …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, In utero fertilization, Inappropriate treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Munjaz v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2913/06; [2012] ECHR 1704
Health Topics: Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Applicant, a UK citizen born in 1947, alleged that the seclusion policy (“Policy”) of Ashworth Special Hospital (“Ashworth”), the maximum security hospital where he was committed for a mental illness, violated the European Convention on Human Rights. After several instances of incarceration and hospitalization on account of various mental health issues, the applicant was …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Seclusion, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Benali v Libya

Country: Libya
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1805/2008
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

On 9 August 1995, B, a Libyan citizen, was arrested by the Libyan Internal Security Agency and held in secret detention at Abu Slim prison. In September 2000, B’s relatives were informed that B was alive and allowed to visit him in prison. During those visits, B told his relatives he had been regularly tortured …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Forced disappearance, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Prison conditions, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Gunan v. Kyrgyzstan

Country: Kyrgyzstan
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 1545/2007; CCPR/C/102/D/1545/2007
Health Topics: Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

On 21 May 1998 an unidentified person left a bag containing an improvised explosive device (‘IED’) in a minibus in Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Unaware of its contents, the driver of the minibus gave the bag to someone to hold in case the owner came back to claim it. On 1 June 1998, the IED in the …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Jail, Police, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English Russian

Stanev v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36760/06
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

S, an adult male diagnosed with schizophrenia, lived for many years with his half-sister and step-mother, his closest living relatives, before they applied in 2000 to the Ruse Regional Court to have S declared legally incapacitated. The court declared S only partially incapacitated. S’s family refused to accept guardianship for S, and the court instead …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Examination, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Low income, Malnutrition, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Poor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

The Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to development, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

This case deals with the destruction of the Mayan community of Río Negro by a series of massacres perpetrated by the Guatemalan army and members of the civil self-defence patrols in 1980 and 1982 which, according to the IACmHR, included the persecution and elimination of members of the Mayan community, subsequent violations directed against the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Assault, Budget, Child development, Children, Health promotion, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Poor, Potable water, Public hospital, Rape, Safe drinking water, Sewage, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English
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