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268 judgments found.


British Columbia Civil Liberties Association v Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2018
Court: Supreme Court of British Columbia
Citation: 2018 BCSC 62
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiffs are two non-profit organizations, the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association and the John Howard Society of Canada. The plaintiffs challenged the constitutionality of sections 31-33 and 37 of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA), which authorized administrative segregation of inmates in federal prisons. Section 31 provided that the purpose of administrative segregation …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Depression, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Involuntary confinement, Isolation, Jail, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Seclusion, Solitary confinement, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Pellett (Re)

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 753
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant was a 62 year old female diagnosed with schizophrenia. She had a long-standing history of hospitalization, treatment, release, de-compensation, relapse, and re-admission. When psychotic, the appellant had a history of troubling behaviour, including attempts to divert traffic, throwing objects out of a window, crashing her car and smashing other cars with brooms. The …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Community-based care, Compulsory treatment, Harm reduction, Informed choice, Mandatory treatment, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Patient choice, Pharmaceuticals, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Psychotropic drugs, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Nelson v. Livermore

Country: Canada
Year: 2017
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2017 ONCA 712
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Mental health, Prisons, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Rodney Nelson sought judicial review of his involuntary admission to a psychiatric hospital under Ontario’s Mental Health Act (“MHA”) and an order for his immediate release due to rights infringements. Nelson had a lengthy history of crimes with many violent offences, including sexual offences against women and children. A psychiatrist completed an application for psychiatric …Read more

Tags: Assault, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Cruel and unusual punishment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Examination, Forced treatment, Health regulation, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Molestation, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Threat of violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Caleb Orozco v. Attorney General of Belize

Country: Belize
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Belize
Citation: Claim 668 of 2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant, Caleb Orozco, a citizen of Belize was a homosexual male and a health educator. In the Supreme Court of Belize, he challenged the constitutional validity of Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code to the extent that it criminalized anal sex between two consenting male adults. Section 53 of the Criminal Code stated …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Assault, Buggery, Bullying, Counselling, Depression, Diagnostics, Gay, Hazing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Molestation, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust v. C and V

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Protection
Citation: [2015] EWCOP 80
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Kings College Hospital challenged respondent C’s ability to decide to end life-saving treatment, effectively choosing to die, by alleging that she lacked mental capacity. C had attempted to commit suicide by ingesting 60 paracetamol tablets with champagne.  She made this decision shortly after undergoing  treatment for breast cancer and ending of a long term …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals, Suicide, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Carter v. Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2015 SCC 5
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

After Plaintiff Gloria Taylor was diagnosed with a terminal illness in 2009, she challenged the constitutionality of the Canadian Criminal Code Section 241(b), which prohibited assistance in dying. The trial court held that the law was unconstitutional and granted Taylor an exemption from the law. The Court of Appeal reversed, basing their decision on the …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Counseling, Disabled, Informed choice, Leukemia, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Lazariu v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 31973/03
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant, a lawyer, was accused of inciting false testimony from witnesses involved in several sets of criminal proceedings. Upon presenting herself to the prosecutor’s office, she was prevented from leaving and eventually taken to a psychiatric hospital. The government alleged that the applicant was detained after she refused to review the criminal file against …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Law enforcement, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental institution, Police
Download Judgment: English

Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee on Behalf of Ionel Garcea v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2959/11
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a Romanian NGO known as the Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania-Helsinki Committee (“Association”), representing a deceased party, Ionel Garcea.  Garcea was a mentally ill prisoner who died in prison. During his sentence, he made a number of complaints about his treatment, with the Association representing him. In June …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Compulsory examination, Compulsory testing, Compulsory treatment, Counseling, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Epilepsy, Examination, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Imprisonment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Incapacity, Incarceration, Informed choice, Inmate, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Jail, Lung disease, Mandatory examination, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pneumonia, Prison conditions, Psychosis, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Standard of care, Suicide, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Stransham-Ford v. Minister of Justice and Correctional Services, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2015
Court: High Court, North Gauteng
Citation: [2015] ZAGPHC, 27401/15
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

This case concerned physician-assisted suicide in South Africa. The applicant, a 66-year-old highly educated, experienced lawyer with four children and a mother, had terminal stage 4 cancer with only a few weeks left to live and brought suit against various government ministries. He sought a declaratory order that a medical practitioner may end, or enable …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Informed choice, Noncommunicable diseases, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Bentley v. Maplewood Seniors Care Society

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal, British Columbia
Citation: 2015 BCCA 91
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health
Facts:

Mrs. Bentley was an 83-year-old woman suffering from Alzheimer’s Disease. Mrs. Bentley had not spoken since 2010 and did not recognize anyone. In 1991 she had signed a directive that expressed her desire to be allowed to die and not be kept alive by artificial means or heroic measures in case there was no reasonable …Read more

Tags: Aged person, Diet, Elderly, Food, Health facilities, Incompetence, Long-term care, Mental competence, Neurological diseases, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

A.M. V. The Minister For Health

Country: Ireland
Year: 2015
Court: High Court
Citation: [2015] I.E.H.C. 660
Health Topics: Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case is an appeal from an award of damages granted to the appellant pursuant to the Hepatits C Compensation Tribunal Acts. The appellant contracted hepatitis C in 1977 after being given an anti D injection that “came from a batch infected with hepatitis C.” In 1998, pursuant to the Hepatitis C Compensation Tribunal Acts, …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Hepatitis, Mental competence, Negligence, Remedies
Download Judgment: English

M.H. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11577/06
Health Topics: Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The applicant was severely disabled as a result of Down’s Syndrome. The applicant lived with her mother, her nearest relative. She often exhibited difficult behavior and towards the end of 2002 social workers had become extremely concerned about the impact on the physical and mental health of the applicant and her mother. On 31 January …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Detainee, Detention, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Atudorei v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 50131/08
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Atudorei, a Romanian citizen, alleged that, from an early age, she has been subjected to continued physical and psychological abuse by her parents. The abuse had escalated after they discovered that she attended yoga classes organised by the Movement for Spiritual Integration into the Absolute (MISA), an organisation that was targeted by the police and …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

DD v. Secretary of State for Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: Royal Courts of London
Citation: [2014] EWHC 3820 (Admin)
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The claimant, DD, a Somali man, was granted asylum and indefinite leave to remain shortly after his arrival in the UK in 2003. Due to his involvement in fundraising for Al-Shabaab, a Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measure (TPIM) was imposed in 2012. He was charged with breaching the TPIM, remanded into custody, and was sentenced …Read more

Tags: Custody, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detention, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Mental disability, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychosis, Refugees, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Terrorism, Torture, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Shatrughan Chauhan and another v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition 55 of 2013
Health Topics: Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Fifteen criminal convicts sentenced to the death penalty challenged their sentences as in violation of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which protects the right to life. They claimed that the executive orders rejecting their mercy petitions were passed without considering supervening events, including delay, insanity, solitary confinement, and procedural lapses. Two convicts alleged that the …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Isolation, Jail, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Torture
Download Judgment: English

XX v. WW and Middle South Area Mental Health Service

Country: Australia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria
Citation: [2014] VSC 564
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

XX, a mental health patient, had been detained and treated against her will at a treatment center under an Involuntary Treatment Order (“ITO”) in August 2013. The ITO was revoked by the Mental Health Review Board (“Board”). Following XX’s return to the ward, conversations with staff and an assessment by a psychiatric nurse, WW recommended …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English

Aurnhammer v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2014
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 36356/10
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

On August 19, 2004, Mr. Veit Aurnhammer was convicted by the Regensburg Juvenile District Court of causing bodily harm and damage to property after he struck two ticket collectors in the face when they tried to prevent him from evading ticket controls. Aurnhammer was further convicted of dangerous bodily injury after attacking his sleeping cellmate …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Incapacity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Re SB

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Protection
Citation: [2013] EWHC 1417 (COP)
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

A pregnant 37-year-old woman diagnosed with bipolar disorder was compulsorily detained under Section 2 of the Mental Health Act 1983. She had been on and off medication for 8 years and had suffered both remissions and relapses, due to which she was detained at various times in Italy, France and in England where she currently …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Bipolar, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Spousal consent, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

M.M.M. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2136/2012, CCPR/C/108/D/2136/2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, nine persons held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged violations of various articles (named below) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”). The authors had different backgrounds. Two were Myanmarese citizens, six were Sri Lankan citizens, and one was a Kuwaiti citizen. They all entered Australian territorial waters on …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Mental illness, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English

F.K.A.G. et al. v. Australia

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 2049/2011, CCPR/C/108/D/2094/2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The authors, 37 Sri Lankan citizens held in Australian immigration detention facilities, alleged that the actions of the Australian government regarding their detention violated Articles 7, 9, 10, 17, 23, and 24 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the “Covenant”).   At the time of the submission, all of the authors were …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Child development, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Depression, Detainee, Detention, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Refugees, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Lashin v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 33117/02; [2013] ECHR 63
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Lashin, a Russian citizen, was diagnosed with schizophrenia, given a 2nd degree disability status, and hospitalised multiple times. A hospital examination concluded that Lashin was incapable of understanding the meaning of his actions and unable to control them. Following an application by the public prosecutor, the District Court of Omsk declared Lashin legally incapacitated at …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Aswat v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 17299/12
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The applicant was a man suffering from severe paranoid schizophrenia. He was indicted in the United State as a co-conspirator in an effort to establish a jihad training camp in Oregon. At the time of trial, the applicant was detained in a hospital in the UK and was subject to an extradition request made by …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Isolation, Jail, Mental illness, Prison conditions, Schizophrenia, Solitary confinement, Terrorism
Download Judgment: English

Petukhova v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28796/07
Health Topics: Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

Applicant, Petukhova, argued that she was deprived of her liberty when she was forced to have an involuntary examination. She alleged that this violated Article 5 § 1 (b) of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”), which protects the right to liberty and security of person. In December 2005, …Read more

Tags: Compulsory examination, Forced examination, Informed consent, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental health, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

B v. Waitemata District Health Board

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2013
Court: High Court
Citation: [2013] NZHC 1702
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Mental health, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to privacy
Facts:

In this case applicants argued that the no-smoking policy of the Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB)and the consequent prohibition of smoking in hospitals and surrounding grounds violated their right not to be subjected to torture or cruel treatment, the right to be treated with humanity, the right to respect private life, and the right to …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Health regulation, Mental disorder, Passive smoking, Psychiatry, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

Slattery v. Manningham City Council

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Human Rights Division
Citation: [2013] VCAT 1869
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Mr. Slattery brought this action in the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) alleging that the City Council of Manningham (“the Council”) had unfairly discriminated against him based on his disability. Slattery suffered from a series of mental impairments including bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Additionally, he acquired a …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Disabled, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

B. v. Romania (no. 2)

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 1285/03
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, M.B., filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights for a violation of (1) laws concerning compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals and (2) laws concerning decisions in child-rearing where the parent or guardian’s mental capacity is in question. M.B. was diagnosed in 2000 with paranoid schizophrenia. As a result of her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Counselling, Disabled, Forced examination, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Taha v. Broadmeadows Magistrates’ Court; Brookes v. Magistrates’ Court of Victoria

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court of Victoria Court of Appeal
Citation: [2013] VSCA 37
Health Topics: Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Mr. Taha was arrested for failing to pay outstanding traffic fines and was sentenced to imprisonment by a magistrate after a hearing. Mr. Taha was intellectually disabled and had been certified as such and placed on a Justice Plan. Neither his legal representative nor the magistrate were aware of this, but if they were they …Read more

Tags: Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Mental disability
Download Judgment: English

Thompson, et al. v. Ontario

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Citation: 2013 ONSC 5392
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

The Court examined the constitutionality of Brian’s Law, which was passed in 2000 after a man named Brian Smith was fatally shot by an untreated schizophrenic. The law included expanded committal criteria and allowed for involuntary admission for individuals who had experienced “substantial mental deterioration,”even if they were not necessarily a danger to others. In …Read more

Tags: Community-based care, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Examination, Health regulation, Incapacity, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Schizophrenia, Threat of violence
Download Judgment: English

Case EAND/0895/02/13

Country: Armenia
Year: 2013
Court: Civil Court of Appeal [Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Վերաքննիչ քաղաքացիական դատարան]
Citation: Case № ԵԱՆԴ/0895/02/13
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant, Zhuleta Amarikyan, was compulsorily committed to inpatient psychiatric treatment on the request of the head of the psychiatric clinic. Amarikyan was diagnosed with acute delirium syndrome and was described as being a danger to herself and others and unable to control her actions. At the time of the trial of Amarikyan’s commitment, Amarikyan …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Compulsory treatment, Diagnostics, Forced examination, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Insanity, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Armenian

N.B. v Slovakia

Country: Slovakia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: N.B. v Slovakia, App. No. 29518/10, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2012).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

Ms. N.B. was of Roma ethnic origin. She was sterilized at a public hospital, at the age of 17, during the birth of her second child. Ms. N.B. asserted that she had been coerced into signing authorizations for her sterilization, that she was segregated within the hospital due to her ethnicity and that the decision …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Family planning, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, In utero fertilization, Inappropriate treatment, Infertility, Informed choice, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English
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