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216 judgments found.


Planned Parenthood of the Heartland, et al. v. Iowa Board of Medicine

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: Iowa Supreme Court
Citation: 865 N.W.2d 252 (Iowa 2015)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

This case challenged rules adopted by the Iowa Board of Medicine (“Board”) regarding medicated abortions provided via telemedicine. Starting in 2008, doctors in Iowa at Planned Parenthood began performing abortions via telemedicine. The abortions were performed using mifepristone, a drug that that can be taken orally that terminates a pregnancy, and misoprostol, another oral drug …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA-Kenya) & 3 Ors. v. Attorney General & 2 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 266 of 2015
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

The Director of Medical Services issued a letter on December 3, 2013 and a memo on February 24, 2014 to “All Health Workers” that directed them not to participate in training on safe abortion practice and threatened legal action for non-compliance. The Federation of Women Lawyers filed suit, stating that the letter and memo had …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to healthcare, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Amit Ahuja v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 1507/2014 & CM APPL. 3144/2014
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner was a patient suffering from haemophilia and was receiving treatment at a government hospital. However, after he did not respond to initial treatment, the doctors discharged him, stating that they could no longer afford to administer the advanced palliative treatment (Activated Recombinant Factor VIIa) to him. This treatment would have cost 1,40,000 rupees …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Health expenditures, Health spending, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Public hospitals, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Mohd Ahmed (Minor) v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 7279/2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Facts:

Petitioner was a 7-year-old boy suffering from a rare genetic disease called Gaucher Disease (a type of Lysosomal Storage Disorder) which, if left untreated, would render him unlikely to survive. Although Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT), a monthly, lifelong treatment, would afford him a normal life, the drug, due to low demand arising from the rarity …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Child mortality, Children, Essential medicines, Genetic disease, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Pharmaceuticals, Poor, Pricing, Social security, Subsidies, Tertiary care, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Bayer Corporation v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1323 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Bayer Corporation (Bayer) challenged the order(s) of 2012 and 2013 passed by the relevant statutory authority, the Controller of Patents (the Controller), granting a Compulsory License to Natco Pharmaceuticals Limited (Natco) of the drug Nexavar. Bayer developed the drug to treat patients suffering from kidney cancer. In 2008, the Controller granted a patent to Bayer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Kidney disease, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Hamilton Health Sciences Corp. v. D.H., et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Ontario Court of Justice
Citation: 2014 ONCJ 603; 2015 ONCJ 229
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The applicant hospital sought a declaration that J.J., an 11-year-old girl, was a child in need of protection under the Child and Family Services Act (“CFSA”). J.J. was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (“ALL”). If treated with chemotherapy, J.J.’s physicians believed that she had a 90-95% chance of being cured. The physicians were not aware …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Children, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Leukemia, Minor, Pediatric health, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English

Novartis AG v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal Nos. 2706-2716 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

In 1998, Novartis AG, a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Switzerland, filed a patent application in India for the beta-crystalline form of imatinib mesylate, a drug used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia, a type of blood cancer. In 2005, the Chennai Patent office heard patent oppositions to this application, including one filed by the Cancer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Okwanda v. Minister of Health and Medical Services, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2013
Court: High Court - Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 94 of 2012
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, an elderly retired person, was diagnosed with diabetes and Benign Hypertrophy (a life-threatening terminal disease). Petitioner claimed that that the cost of the medication was prohibitive and that he was in need of urgent medical attention. Petitioner sought assistance of the court to enforce his fundamental rights to the highest attainable standard of health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Diabetes, Diet, Elderly, Food, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Noncommunicable diseases, Older persons, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Senior citizens, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Re SB

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Protection
Citation: [2013] EWHC 1417 (COP)
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

A pregnant 37-year-old woman diagnosed with bipolar disorder was compulsorily detained under Section 2 of the Mental Health Act 1983. She had been on and off medication for 8 years and had suffered both remissions and relapses, due to which she was detained at various times in Italy, France and in England where she currently …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Bipolar, Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Insanity, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Patient choice, Psychiatry, Spousal consent, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Logan v. Hong

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Appeal for British Columbia
Citation: 2013 BCCA 249
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information, Medicines
Facts:

The plaintiff qualified for a class action suit and sought to gather members to the class. The class action was filed for physical harm suffered by patients who were injected with a cosmetic facial filler called Dermalive manufactured by Dermatech, Intradermal Distribution Inc., and Vivier Pharma Inc. The plaintiff proposed to directly notify class members …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug enforcement, Drug quality, Drug safety, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health records, Manufacturing, Medical records, Pharmaceuticals
Download Judgment: English

Kichwa Peoples of the Sarayaku Community v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2012
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 12.465; Series C No. 245, June 27, 2012
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Health care and health services, Medicines, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to property
Facts:

This case concerned the Kichwa nation of the Ecuadorian Amazon, which encompassed two Peoples who shared the same linguistic and cultural tradition. The State of Ecuador had granted a private oil company a permit to carry out oil exploration and exploitation of activities in the ancestral territory of the Kichwa nation. The State did not …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Industrial waste, Inhuman treatment, Military, Pollution, Primary care, Rape, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Center for Health Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Constitutional Petition No. 16 of 2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioners claimed that the lack of provision of basic health maternal commodities in Government Health Facilities and the negligent, unethical behavior of health workers toward expectant mothers in those facilities resulted in violations of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda (the “Constitution”). Specifically, the petitioners claimed violations of the right to health and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Children, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Infant health, Infant mortality, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Midwifery, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Remedies, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health and Social Services v. Medical Association of Namibia

Country: Namibia
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2012] NASC 7; SA 13/2010 and 21/2010
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Medicines
Facts:

The Minister of Health and Social Services issued regulations for the Medicines Act that created a licensing scheme for medical practitioners to be able to continue to dispense certain medicine. It also established a three-month transitional grace period, where medical practitioners already dispensing medicine could apply for the license and continue dispensing medicine while their …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals
Download Judgment: English

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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Sandesh Bansal v. Union of India and others

Country: India
Year: 2012
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: Writ Petition No. 9061/2008
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner is a social activist that works on raising concern over the high maternal mortality in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner alleged that the state’s program to reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) had failed to be implemented effectively in Madhya Pradesh. The petitioner had filed this petition, alleging that about …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Clean water, Clinics, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Infant health, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion, Vaccination
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Mabior

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2012 SCC 47; 2010 MBCA 93
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

The Respondent was charged with nine counts of aggravated sexual assault for not disclosing his HIV-positive status to nine Complainants before engaging in sexual intercourse with them. None of the Complainants tested positive for HIV. At trial, the Respondent was convicted on six counts and acquitted on three. He was acquitted on the basis of …Read more

Tags: Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Contraception, Contraceptives, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual assault, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Cipla Medpro Ltd. v. Aventis Pharma SA

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of Appeal
Citation: Case No: 139/2012 and Case No: 138/2012; [2012] ZASCA 108
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Aventis, a pharmaceutical company, applied for a preliminary injunction against infringement of its patent on its cancer drug Taxotere in order to restrain Cipla, an Indian pharmaceutical company, from importing, manufacturing or selling Cipla’s generic equivalent of the drug. Prior to this, Cipla had applied for revocation of Aventis’ amended patent on a number of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Cancer, Generic drugs, Health insurance, Intellectual property, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Patents
Download Judgment: English

Case T-627/12

Country: Colombia
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-627/12
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

The plaintiffs, 1200 women filing a joint tutela, seek constitutional protection against false information being spread by the Attorney General of Colombia regarding emergency contraception. The Attorney General stated that emergency contraceptive that contained Levonorgestrel was an abortificant as the contraceptive can prevent implantation of a fertilized egg on to the walls of the uterus. …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Freedom of information, Health education, Maternal health
Download Judgment: Spanish

Stanev v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 36760/06
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Mental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

S, an adult male diagnosed with schizophrenia, lived for many years with his half-sister and step-mother, his closest living relatives, before they applied in 2000 to the Ruse Regional Court to have S declared legally incapacitated. The court declared S only partially incapacitated. S’s family refused to accept guardianship for S, and the court instead …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Examination, Food, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Incapacity, Incompetence, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Low income, Malnutrition, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Paranoia, Poor, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia, Social security
Download Judgment: English

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Hristozov and Others v. Bulgaria

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 47039/11 and 358/12
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicants had terminal cancer, and all had either tried forms of conventional medicine (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy) or obtained a medical opinion that these treatments would not work for their illness. They then approached a private client in Sofia where they were told about an experimental anti-cancer product in development by …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Cancer, Clinical testing, Clinical trials, Drug quality, Drug safety, Experimental treatment, Informed choice, Non-communicable diseases, Patient choice, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

M.J.T v. D.M.D

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of British Columbi
Citation: 2012 BCSC 863
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Mr. T. and Ms. D separated after three years of marriage when their child- V was two years old. The couple had major disagreements over the care and custody arrangements. Ms. D. was given sole interim custody and authority over all health care decisions. Ms. D. refused to vaccinate the child against common infectious diseases. …Read more

Tags: Children, Hepatitis, Immunization, Infant health, Measles, Meningitis, Minor, Pediatric health, Polio, Rubella, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English

Sorrell v. IMS Health

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2653 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

Pharmacies, “as a matter of business routine and federal law, receive prescriber-identifying information when processing prescriptions.” This “[k]nowledge of a physician’s prescription practices—called prescriber-identifying information,’” enables marketers representing pharmaceutical drug manufacturers (Detailers) to better “ascertain which doctors are likely to be interested in a particular drug and how best to present a particular sales message.” …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Generic drugs, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Pliva v. Mensing

Country: United States
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 131 S.Ct. 2567 (2011)
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Facts:

Metoclopramide is a drug commonly used to treat digestive tract problems such as diabetic gastroparesis and gastroesophageal reflux disorder. In 1980, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved metoclopramide tablets under the brand name Reglan. Generic manufacturers also began producing metoclopramide five years later. Over its usage history, evidence accumulated that long-term metoclopramide use …Read more

Tags: Disclosure, Drug quality, Drug safety, Generic drugs, Health regulation, Labeling, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English

Case 12/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing
Facts:

The Plaintiffs were nurses and heads of rural health centers in the East Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. They challenged two provisions of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health. These were Article 108(1), which allowed only certain “health workers” to prescribe and distribute medicines, and Article 190(1), which made it an offence for workers in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Drug quality, Drug safety, Drug testing, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals, Primary care, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English Indonesian

Case AI 745391/MG

Country: Brazil
Year: 2011
Court: Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court]
Citation: AI 745391/MG (Attorney General of the Union v. Federal Prosecutor), Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2011) (Braz.).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Brazilian Federal Government filed an interlocutory appeal with the Supreme Court against the decision of the lower court, the Federal Court of the 1st Region (Tribunal Regional Federal da 1ª Região), to dismiss the extraordinary appeal filed to challenge the court’s decision recognizing the legitimacy of the Federal Prosecutor’s Office to propose a public …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget
Download Judgment: English Portuguese
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