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445 judgments found.


Millicent Awuor Omuya& 1 Or. v. Attorney General & 4 Ors.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 562 of 2012
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The petitioners were two women who gave birth and were detained by Pumwani Hospital when they could not pay maternity fees in full upon discharge. The first petitioner was referred to the hospital with a potential breech birth and was detained for 24 days after discharge when she was unable to pay her hospital bill. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Caesarean, Childbirth, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) & 3 Others v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Constitutional Appeal No. 1 of 2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

This case was filed by the families of two women who died during childbirth and the Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD). They argued that inadequate resources for maternal health violated the right to health under Objectives XIV (b) XX, XV and Article 8A of the Ugandan Constitution, the right to life under …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Childbirth, Clinics, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Indigent, Infant health, Infant mortality, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Midwifery, Poor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General, et al. v. Dickson Tapela, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2015
Court: Court of Appeal of the Republic of Botswana at Gaborone
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Case 1: Tapela and Piye, two Zimbabwean nationals imprisoned in Botswana, both contracted HIV in prison. They were refused antiretroviral treatment for their condition based on a internal directive issued by the national government to all public medical institutions and personnel on March 26, 2004, indicating that testing, assessment, and treatment with antiretroviral and highly active …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, People living with HIV/AIDS, Testing
Download Judgment: English

L.N. & 21 Others v. Ministry of Health, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 218 of 2013
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners suffered from renal failure and required frequent renal dialysis treatments. Kenyatta National Hospital did not have an adequate number of machines to serve Petitioners’ needs, and would often choose to treat in-patients before Petitioners. Furthermore, the National Hospital Insurance Fund would not reimburse Petitioners for treatments sought at private hospitals. Petitioners brought suit …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health spending, Kidney disease, Long-term care, Low income, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Amit Ahuja v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) 1507/2014 & CM APPL. 3144/2014
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The petitioner was a patient suffering from haemophilia and was receiving treatment at a government hospital. However, after he did not respond to initial treatment, the doctors discharged him, stating that they could no longer afford to administer the advanced palliative treatment (Activated Recombinant Factor VIIa) to him. This treatment would have cost 1,40,000 rupees …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Health expenditures, Health spending, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Public hospitals, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Dubska and Krejzova v. The Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application Nos. 28859/11 and 28473/12
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Ms. Sarka Dubska and Ms. Alexandra Krejzova sued the Government of the Czech Republic, alleging that a Czech law forbidding health professionals from attending home births was in violation of the right to private life as provided for in Article 8 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”). Dubska …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Maternal health, Midwifery, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Case of Angel Alberto Duque (Report on the merits)

Country: Colombia
Year: 2014
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 5/14
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Duque and his same-sex partner lived together as a couple for over ten years, until his partner died from AIDS. Four years prior to the death, Duque was diagnosed with HIV and was being treated under support from his partner. When his partner died, Duque asked the COLFONDOS (the pension service) to ask what requirements …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Domestic partnership, Gay, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Homosexual, LGBTI, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Queer, Sexual orientation, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 562/13

Country: Belgium
Year: 2014
Court: Grand Chamber
Citation: C-562/13. Centre public d’action sociale d’Ottgnies-Louvain-la-Neuve v. Moussa Abdida
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

Mr. Abdida, a Niegrian national, was in Belgium seeking asylum from torture and inhuman treatment. While in Belgium, he suffered from a serious illness and submitted an application to reside in Belgium on medical grounds. The application was accepted, and he began receiving social assistance from the Public Social Action Centre of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve (“CPAS”). In 2011, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Emergency care, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Migrants, Refugees
Download Judgment: English French

Tapela, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Botswana
Year: 2014
Court: High Court
Citation: (MAHGB-000057-14), BWHC 1 (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants, two prisoners with HIV and an interested non-governmental organization, complain that the policy of denying Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (“HAART”) to non-citizen inmates is a violation of the rights of such non-citizen prisoners under the Constitution of Botswana. HAART is a drug treatment that helps control HIV mutation and reduces the likelihood of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, ARVs, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Health expenditures, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, TB, Transmission, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Bayer Corporation v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Bombay
Citation: Writ Petition No. 1323 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Bayer Corporation (Bayer) challenged the order(s) of 2012 and 2013 passed by the relevant statutory authority, the Controller of Patents (the Controller), granting a Compulsory License to Natco Pharmaceuticals Limited (Natco) of the drug Nexavar. Bayer developed the drug to treat patients suffering from kidney cancer. In 2008, the Controller granted a patent to Bayer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Kidney disease, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Novartis AG v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Civil Appeal Nos. 2706-2716 of 2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

In 1998, Novartis AG, a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Switzerland, filed a patent application in India for the beta-crystalline form of imatinib mesylate, a drug used to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia, a type of blood cancer. In 2005, the Chennai Patent office heard patent oppositions to this application, including one filed by the Cancer …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Cancer, Generic drugs, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Okwanda v. Minister of Health and Medical Services, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2013
Court: High Court - Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 94 of 2012
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, an elderly retired person, was diagnosed with diabetes and Benign Hypertrophy (a life-threatening terminal disease). Petitioner claimed that that the cost of the medication was prohibitive and that he was in need of urgent medical attention. Petitioner sought assistance of the court to enforce his fundamental rights to the highest attainable standard of health …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Diabetes, Diet, Elderly, Food, Health spending, Hunger, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Noncommunicable diseases, Older persons, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Senior citizens, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Suarez Peralta v. Ecuador

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2013
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Series C, No. 261, May 21, 2013
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health
Facts:

On June 28, 2000, Melba Suarez Peralta visited Dr. Emilio Guerrero Gutierrez as a result of abdomen pain, vomits, and fever. She was diagnosed with chronic appendicitis and informed she needed surgery. Three days later, she visited Guerrero in a private clinic and underwent appendix surgery performed by Dr. Jenny Bohorquez and assisted by Guerrero. …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Compensation, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Law enforcement, Negligence, Private hospitals, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Lohé Issa Konaté v. Burkina Faso

Country: Burkina Faso
Year: 2013
Court: African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (Cour Africaine des droits de l’homme et des peoples)
Citation: Application No. 004/2013
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to health
Facts:

Lohé Issa Konaté alleged that his criminal conviction in Burkina Faso for libel was a violation of his right to freedom of expression, contrary to Article 9 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“Charter”) and Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“ICCPR”). At the High Court, Konaté …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail
Download Judgment: English

Patricia Asero Ochieng, et al. v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 409 of 2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Petitioners were citizens of Kenya living with HIV. They claimed that provisions of the Anti-Counterfeiting Act, 2008 (the Act) severely restricted access to affordable, essential medicines, including generic medicines for HIV-related diseases, in violation of their fundamental rights to life, dignity and health protected under articles 26(1), 28 and 43 of the Constitution of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Drug quality, Drug safety, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Manufacturing, Minor, Patents, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Pricing, Spurious medicines, Transmission, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Cipla Medpro Ltd. v. Aventis Pharma SA

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of Appeal
Citation: Case No: 139/2012 and Case No: 138/2012; [2012] ZASCA 108
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health systems and financing, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Aventis, a pharmaceutical company, applied for a preliminary injunction against infringement of its patent on its cancer drug Taxotere in order to restrain Cipla, an Indian pharmaceutical company, from importing, manufacturing or selling Cipla’s generic equivalent of the drug. Prior to this, Cipla had applied for revocation of Aventis’ amended patent on a number of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Cancer, Generic drugs, Health insurance, Intellectual property, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Patents
Download Judgment: English

British American Tobacco South Africa v. Minister of Health

Country: South Africa
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court of Appeal
Citation: (463/2011) [2012] ZASCA 107 (20 June 2012)
Health Topics: Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to health
Facts:

Section 3(1)(a) of the Tobacco Products Control Act of 1993 (the “Act”) prohibited any person from “advertising” or “promoting” a tobacco product.  The appellant, a tobacco manufacturer, contended that this prohibition should not extend to its one-to-one communication with consenting adult consumers of tobacco products as it was an unconstitutional limit on both the appellant’s …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Smoking, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English

F., A. L. s/ Medida Autosatisfactiva

Country: Argentina
Year: 2012
Court: National Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación]
Citation: Expte. Nº 21.912-F-2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health
Facts:

A fifteen-year old teenager became pregnant as a result of being sexually abused by her stepfather. In the eight week of pregnancy, through her legal representative, she asked the judiciary to order doctors of a public hospital to perform her abortion. She based her claim on article 86.1 and 2 of the National Criminal Code (the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Assault, Children, Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Judicial bypass, Public hospital, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: Spanish

Joyce Nawila Chiti v. Zambia

Country: Zambia
Year: 2012
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication no. 1303/2004
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

On 28 October 1997, JC (a military officer) was arrested by Zambian police for an attempted coup d’état. He was severely tortured and charged with treason. While being tortured, he was forced to sign false confessions and to implicate other military officials. Because of the torture, he was hospitalized at various times. On 31 October …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cancer, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diet, Execution, Forced disappearance, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Law enforcement, Malnutrition, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Police, Prison conditions, Refugees, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Case T-627/12

Country: Colombia
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-627/12
Health Topics: Health information, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

The plaintiffs, 1200 women filing a joint tutela, seek constitutional protection against false information being spread by the Attorney General of Colombia regarding emergency contraception. The Attorney General stated that emergency contraceptive that contained Levonorgestrel was an abortificant as the contraceptive can prevent implantation of a fertilized egg on to the walls of the uterus. …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Birth control, Conscientious objection, Contraception, Contraceptives, Family planning, Freedom of information, Health education, Maternal health
Download Judgment: Spanish

H.M. v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 2012
Court: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Citation: Communication No. 3/2011; U.N. Doc. CRPD/C/7/D/3/2011
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner had a chronic connective tissue disorder, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS), due to which she could no longer leave her house nor could she be transported to the hospital because of the increased risk of injury. The only type of rehabilitation available to her was hydrotherapy via an indoor pool at her house. Accordingly, the …Read more

Tags: Access to healthcare, Access to treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Goginashvili v. Georgia

Country: Georgia
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 47729/08
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health
Facts:

Goginashvili, a prisoner, sued the government of Georgia, alleging that the prison authority violated his right to health care due to its failure to protect his health and well-being in prison, contrary to its obligation under Article 3 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”). Article 3 prohibits …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Hepatitis, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Kidney disease, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Ochieng v. Attorney General

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya (Nairobi)
Citation: Petition No. 409 of 2009
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners were Kenyan citizens living with HIV/AIDS. They petitioned seeking a declaration that the fundamental rights of life, human dignity and health as protected and envisaged by the Constitution, encompassed access to affordable and essential drugs and medicines, including generic HIV/AIDS drugs. The petitioners also sought a declaration that the Anti-Counterfeit Act, 2008 and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, AIDS, Essential medicines, Generic drugs, HIV, HIV positive, Intellectual property, Patents, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pricing, TRIPS
Download Judgment: English

Georgina Ahamefule v. Imperial Medical Centre

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Lagos State
Citation: Suit No. ID/16272000
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

The Plaintiff was a nurse at a medical centre. Defendants were the medical centre and a doctor at the centre. While employed at the medical centre, the Plaintiff became pregnant and developed a skin disorder. She sought medical attention and the Defendant doctor performed several diagnostic tests. Neither the nature nor the outcome of the tests …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Compensation, Compulsory testing, Damages, Duty of care, Employment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Miscarriage, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Standard of care, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Center for Health Human Rights and Development, et al. v. Nakaseke District Local Administration

Country: Uganda
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: Civil Suit No. 111 of 2012
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Nanteza Irene, the deceased, was taken to Nakaseke Hospital for obstetric care and management in order to deliver a child. The plaintiffs asserted that she died because she had an obstructed labor condition and did not receive appropriate medical care and attention. The assigned doctor on duty for the day that she went to the …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inadequate treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Pregnancy, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Center for Health Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2012
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Constitutional Petition No. 16 of 2011
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Medicines, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioners claimed that the lack of provision of basic health maternal commodities in Government Health Facilities and the negligent, unethical behavior of health workers toward expectant mothers in those facilities resulted in violations of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda (the “Constitution”). Specifically, the petitioners claimed violations of the right to health and …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Children, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Humiliating treatment, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Indigent, Infant health, Infant mortality, Inhuman treatment, Low income, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Midwifery, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Public hospitals, Remedies, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

The Kenya Society for the Mentally Handicapped (KSMH) v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition 155A of 2011
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to education, Right to health
Facts:

The petitioners, the Kenya Society for the Mentally Handicapped, brought suit against the Kenyan government for violating the rights of Kenyans with intellectual, mental and psychosocial disabilities. They brought suit against six respondents: the National Council for Persons with Disabilities for not implementing measures that address the needs of people with mental disabilities, formulate policies to …Read more

Tags: Budget, Mental disability, Mental institution, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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5000 Citizens v. Article 3 of Law Nº 28705

Country: Peru
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: 5000 Citizens v. Article 3 of Law Nº 28705, Tribunal Constitucional [Constitutional Court] July 19, 2011, EXP. N.º 00032-2010-PI/TC (Peru).
Health Topics: Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

5,000 Peruvian citizens presented an action before the Constitutional Court claiming the unconstitutionality of Article 3 of Law 28705, Law for the Prevention and Control of Tobacco Consumption Risks. This clause prohibits smoking in all health and educational establishments, public institutions, inside of work places, closed public places and any means of public transport, making …Read more

Tags: Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 12/PUU-VIII/2010

Country: Indonesia
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to housing
Facts:

The Plaintiffs were nurses and heads of rural health centers in the East Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. They challenged two provisions of Law No. 36 of 2009 Concerning Health. These were Article 108(1), which allowed only certain “health workers” to prescribe and distribute medicines, and Article 190(1), which made it an offence for workers in …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Alternative medicine, Drug quality, Drug safety, Drug testing, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals, Primary care, Traditional medicine
Download Judgment: English Indonesian
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