91 judgments found.

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. v. Para., Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 125 (June 17, 2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Medicines, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The indigenous community of Yakye Axa, a traditional society of hunter-gatherers, was resettled as part of a development program in Paraguay started in 1979. They were displaced to lands with a natural environment and resources that were different from the Yakye Axa’s traditional territory and incompatible with their traditional means of subsistence.  They also faced …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
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Case 2945-2003-AA/TC

Country: Peru
Year: 2004
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Sentencia 2945-2003-AA/TC (2004). (Azanca Alhelí Meza García v. Ministry of Health)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner filed a writ of amparo (appeal for legal protection) against the Ministry of Health of Peru. She sought free administration of comprehensive medical treatment for HIV, including both the continuous delivery of necessary medicines and the performance of periodic CD4 cell count and viral load tests upon medical indication and/or the patient’s urgent …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Indigent, Low income, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Poor, Social security, Testing, Underprivileged
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NS (Afghan women) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2004
Court: Immigration Appeal Tribunal
Citation: [2004] UKIAT 00328
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Mental health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life
Facts:

An Afghani woman (appellant) seeks asylum in the United Kingdom. The Appellant and her husband lived and worked in Kabul, Afghanistan with their three young children. After war broke out in 1992 and the destruction of the family home, the Appellant and her family left Kabul and moved to Takhar, a town in northern Afghanistan …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Asylum, Indigent, Low income, Mental illness, Poor, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Suicide, Violence against women
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Öneryildiz v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 48939/99; (2005) 41 EHRR 20; [2004] ECHR 657; 18 BHRC 145, (2005); [2004] Inquest LR 108
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health information, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to housing, Right to life
Facts:

A household-rubbish tip, or dump, was created in the Ümraniye district of Istanbul. Illegal dwellings were constructed around the rubbish tip. A report found that the rubbish tip posed health risks and the possibility of explosion. In April 1993 there was a methane explosion which triggered a landslide. Nine of the applicants’ family members were …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Cleanliness, Cleansliness, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Garbage, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Manmade disaster, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management
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Secretary of State for the Home Department v. Wayoka Limbuela and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2004
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [2004] EWCA Civ 540
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

This case concerned what level of destitute asylum seekers must have reached before their condition signified a violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”), which prohibits torture and cruel or inhuman or degrading treatment. A violation of Article 3 required the Secretary of State for the Home …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Asylum, Degrading treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Humiliating treatment, Immigrants, Immigration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Poor, Refugees, Social security, Underprivileged
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Díaz, Brígida v. Provincia de Buenos Aires et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2003
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación]
Citation: D.2031.XXXVIII
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Brigida Díaz was told by her doctors that she urgently needed surgical intervention to replace her pacemaker. Her original pacemaker had been covered by a social welfare scheme, and she had used these funds to replace it once. However, by the time she was told that her pacemaker needed to be replaced a second time, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Health care technology, Heart disease, Indigent, Low income, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Poor, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies, Underprivileged
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Maria Mamerita Mestanza Chavez v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2003
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Report No. 66/00, Case 12.191, October 3, 2000; OEA/Ser./L/V/II.111, doc. 20 rev., 16 April 2001
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A group of NGOs lodged a petition with the Commission alleging that Peru violated Maria Mamérita Mestanza Chávez’s rights on account of a forced sterilization that resulted in her death. Peru implemented a family planning policy involving compulsory and systematic sterilization in order to modify the reproductive behavior of the population. Poor, indigenous, and rural …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Inadequate treatment, Indigenous groups, Indigent, Infertility, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Poor, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
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R (on the application of Q) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2003
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [2003] All ER (D) 409 (Oct); [2003] EWHC 2507 (Admin); [2004] QB 36 [2003]; EWCA Civ 364, [2003] 2 All ER 905
Health Topics: Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

F, M, D, B, J and Q were six asylum-seekers who had sought assistance from the Secretary of State under the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act, 2002. As per section 55 of the Act, the Secretary of State may not provide support to an asylum-seeker, if the Secretary “is not satisfied that the claim was …Read more

Tags: Asylum, Immigration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, Poor, Refugees
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Benedict Jacob v. Grenada

Country: Grenada
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: "Report No. 56/02, Case 12.158, Inter-Am. C.H.R., Doc. 5 rev.1 at 601, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.117 Doc. 1 rev. 1, 7 March 2003"
Health Topics: Mental health, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Jacob was convicted of murder by the State and a mandatory death sentence by hanging was imposed on him in accordance with the domestic law of Grenada. Jacob and the deceased had been in a relationship and had lived together previously, ending their cohabitation a few months before the deceased’s death. A psychiatrist testified on …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Insanity, Jail, Low income, Poor, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Torture
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Gosselin v. Quebec (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2002] 4 S.C.R. 429, 2002 S.C.C. 84
Health Topics: Poverty
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

In 1984 the Quebec government created a new social assistance scheme. Section 29(a) of the Regulation Respecting Social Aid (the Regulation), made under the 1984 Social Aid Act, set the base amount of welfare payable to persons under the age of 30 at roughly one third of the base amount payable to those 30 and …Read more

Tags: Indigent, Low income, Poor, Social security, Underprivileged
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