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212 judgments found.


Caleb Orozco v. Attorney General of Belize

Country: Belize
Year: 2016
Court: Supreme Court of Belize
Citation: Claim 668 of 2010
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Claimant, Caleb Orozco, a citizen of Belize was a homosexual male and a health educator. In the Supreme Court of Belize, he challenged the constitutional validity of Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code to the extent that it criminalized anal sex between two consenting male adults. Section 53 of the Criminal Code stated …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Assault, Buggery, Bullying, Counselling, Depression, Diagnostics, Gay, Hazing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Lesbian, LGBTI, Molestation, Most-at-risk, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/ AIDS, PLHIV, Queer, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual orientation, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Beverly T. Peters v. St. Joseph Services Corporation d/b/a St. Joseph Health System, et al.

Country: United States
Year: 2015
Court: United States District Court Southern District of Texas Houston Division
Citation: Civil Action No. 4:14-CV-2872
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

Peters, the plaintiff, brought a class action against St. Joseph Services Corporation for damages after a data breach of St. Joseph’s computer network. While purchasing health care services, Peters had provided her personally identifiable and protected health information to St. Joseph, including her name, social security number, birthdate, address, medical records, and bank information. In …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health facilities, Health records, Medical records, Notification
Download Judgment: English

AIDS Law Project v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2015
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Petition No. 97 of 2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Public safety, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Petitioner, AIDS Law Project, brought suit against the Government of Kenya, arguing that Section 24 of the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act, No. 14 of 2006 (the Act) was unconstitutional. The Petitioner argued that Section 24 of the Act was vague and overbroad, and therefore unconstitutional. Section 24 imposed criminal sanctions upon …Read more

Download Judgment: English

Uday Foundation for Congenital Defects and Rare Blood Groups v. Union of India, et al.

Country: India
Year: 2015
Court: High Court of Delhi
Citation: W.P.(C) No. 8568/2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

Following a petition filed by the Uday Foundation, in February 2011, the Court ordered the Union of India to state whether a global policy had been framed regarding the subject of “junk food” and the emphasis of health and nutrition in schools. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FFSAI) responded to the Court …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Children, Diet, Food, Health education, Health promotion, Malnutrition, Obesity
Download Judgment: English

Hopkins v. Kay

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: [2015] O.J. No. 751
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

A class of approximately 280 individuals whose medical records were improperly accessed by hospital staff filed suit against the hospital employees. The class alleged that the breaches the staff caused and the hospital’s failure to monitor and implement policies to protect the information led to a breach under the common law tort of intrusion upon …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Electronic health information, Electronic health records, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

McCullen v. Coakley

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 573 U.S. __ (2014)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression
Facts:

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts amended its Reproductive Health Care Facilities Act (the “Act”), making it a crime to knowingly stand on a “public way or sidewalk” within 35 feet of an entrance or driveway to any abortion clinic. The Act exempted from this prohibition certain individuals, including “employees or agents of such facility acting within the scope …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities
Download Judgment: English

A.K. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application no. 33011/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

After giving birth to a child with Down syndrome, the Petitioner (a forty years old woman) alleged that she was denied adequate and timely medical care in the form of antenatal screening tests. She claimed that her doctor failed to refer her for proper prenatal testing in accordance with the medical protocols in place. According to …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Government of the Republic of Namibia v. LM, et al.

Country: Namibia
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: (SA 49/2012) [2014] NASC 19
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Three Namibian women who were all pregnant and HIV-positive were sterilized at State hospitals after giving birth. The women claimed they were sterilized without their informed consent, and that they were sterilized due to their HIV-positive status. The first woman said that her doctor (through her nurse) told her that all HIV-positive women must have …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Counseling, Emergency care, Forced sterilization, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health records, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

L.H. v. Latvia

Country: Latvia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 52019/07
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant gave birth by Caesarean section in the Cesis District Central Hospital (Cesis Hospital) in 1997. The surgeon conducting the Caesarean section performed a tubal ligation (surgical contraception) without the applicant’s consent. The applicant commenced civil proceedings against the hospital to recover damages for the unauthorized procedure. Ultimately, in December 2006, the applicant’s claim …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Forced sterilization, Health records, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory sterilization, Medical records, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-disclosure, Notification, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Sterilization, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Rhoades v. Iowa

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court of Iowa
Citation: No. 12-0180
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

Rhoades was diagnosed with HIV in 1998 and began receiving treatment for the disease from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics every three to six months beginning in 2005. In 2008, Rhoades was informed that his viral load was non-detectible. Later that year, he met A.P. on a social networking cite that listed Rhoades …Read more

Tags: Buggery, Condoms, Disclosure, Gay, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Homosexual, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Sodomy, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Konovalova v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 37873/04, § 1, ECHR 2014
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to privacy
Facts:

Ms. Konovalova, a Russian citizen, experienced contractions due to her pregnancy and was taken to S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy Hospital. After she was admitted to the gynecology ward, she was given a booklet issued by the hospital that contained a notice stating, “We ask you to respect the fact that medical treatment in …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Confidentiality, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Disclosure, Health care professionals, Health facilities, Health records, Humiliating treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-pecuniary damage, Notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English

Radu v. The Republic of Moldova

Country: Moldova
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 50073/07
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The plaintiff was a lecturer at the Police Academy in Moldova. In 2003, she became pregnant through artificial insemination. Due to her increased risk of miscarriage, a doctor at the No. 7 Center for Family Doctors (“the CFD”), a state-owned hospital, ordered her hospitalization. This extended hospitalization caused her to be absent from work. The …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Employment, Health data, Health records, In vitro fertilization, Maternal health, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Baby “A” (suing through her mother, E.A.), et al.v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Kenya
Year: 2014
Court: High Court of Kenya at Nairobi, (Constitutional and Human Rights Division)
Citation: Petition No. 266 of 2013
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to acquire nationality
Facts:

Baby A, was born with both male and female genitalia. The respondent, Kenyatta National Hospital issued E.A (the mother of Baby A) documents used in the process of carrying out genitogram tests, x-rays and scans of the Baby A in which the column indicating the child’s sex was filled in with a question mark. Baby …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Diagnostics, Examination, Health data, Infant health, Intersex, Minor, Parental consent, Pediatric health
Download Judgment: English

H v. Fetal Assessment Centre

Country: South Africa
Year: 2014
Court: Constitutional Court of South Africa
Citation: (CCT 74/14) [2014] ZACC 34
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The mother of the applicant, who was born in 2008 with Down Syndrome instituted a claim on his behalf for damages against the Fetal Assessment Centre. Her son was born in 2008 with Down syndrome. She claimed that the Centre negligently failed to warn her of the high risk that her child would be born …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Awareness, Child development, Children, Compensation, Confidentiality, Damages, Diagnostics, Differently abled, Disabled, Disclosure, Examination, Health care technology, Informed choice, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Adam, et al. v. Ledesma-Cadhit, et al.

Country: Canada
Year: 2014
Court: Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Citation: 2014 ONSC 5726
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Medicines
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

This judgment deals with motions by the federal and provincial Crowns to strike out the plaintiffs’ claims on the ground that the claims disclosed no reasonable cause of action against the federal or provincial government. The plaintiffs’ 5-year-old daughter, died five days after she received the H1N1 influenza virus vaccine. The daughter was in good …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Child mortality, Children, Drug safety, Duty of care, Health promotion, Immunization, Influenza, Minor, Negligence, Notification, Pediatric health, Tort, Vaccination, Vaccines
Download Judgment: English

Dlamini v. Rex

Country: Swaziland
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2013] SZHC 2
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Facts:

Appellants were appealing the denial of bail after being charged with armed robbery using firearms, attempted murder and violating a drug law. The first appellant contended that he suffered from pneumonia and frequent sinus problems that required high levels of ventilation and protection from colds, which would not be provided when in custody. Both appellants …Read more

Tags: Custody, Detainee, Detention, Health records, Medical records, Pneumonia, Prison conditions, Respiratory diseases
Download Judgment: English

Voluntary Health Association of Punjab v. Union of India

Country: India
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ Petition (Civil) No. 349 of 2006
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The order is about the problem of sex-selective abortion in India. The Court assed the present situation and the various barriers that must be taken into account when States take steps to address this problem by raising awareness of the legal status of the issue. The Parliament has taken steps to prevent sex selective abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Clinics, Counseling, Diagnostics, Forced abortion, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Health data, Health education, Health facilities, Health promotion, Health records, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Sex-selective abortion, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

Salakhov and Islyamova v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 28005/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life
Facts:

The first applicant is Mr. Linar Irekovich Salakhov, who alleged that he had not received prompt and adequate medical care while in detention. Following his death, his mother Ms. Aliya Fazylovna Islyamova pursued the application on his behalf and joined her own complaints to the case. In 2005, Salakhov first tested positive for HIV, though …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Medical records, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, People living with HIV/AIDS, Police, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Testing, Trauma
Download Judgment: English

Csoma v. Romania

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No.8759/05
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, Ms. Julia Kinga Csoma, alleged that her gynecologist had committed “grievous unintentional bodily harm and negligence” due to serious medical errors in her treatment. Csoma became pregnant in January 2002.  Her pregnancy was monitored by a gynecologist at the town hospital where Csoma worked as a nurse.  The fetus was diagnosed with hydrocephalus, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health facilities, Health records, Infertility, Informed choice, Medical records, Negligence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-pecuniary damage, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Remedies, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Peter Mule Muthungu (suing as administrator and Personal representative of thereafter Estate of Jane Mueningui) v. Kenyatta National Hospital

Country: Kenya
Year: 2013
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Civil Suit 364 of 2007
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

As the administrator of the deceased’s estate, the plaintiff sought the medical records of the deceased from the defendant hospital. The plaintiff had separately filed a medical negligence suit against the defendant. The plaintiff and his counsel determined that the hospital records, which related to the deceased’s treatment before death, were necessary for the negligence …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Duty of care, Freedom of information, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Negligence
Download Judgment: English

Zorica Jovanovic v. Serbia

Country: Serbia
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 21794/08; [2013] EHCR 21794/08.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health information, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to family life
Facts:

This case is about the Serbian government’s response to the “missing babies” of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. In 1983, Zorica Jovanovic gave birth to a healthy baby boy in a state-run hospital. Three days later, while still in the hospital, she was informed that he had died. She never saw him again. When she …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Freedom of information, Health records, Infant health, Infant mortality, Medical records, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Z v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46132/08
Health Topics: Health information, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant’s pregnant daughter died in 2004 of septic shock at Barlicki Hospital in Poland. The applicant alleged her daughter’s death was caused by negligence and filed claims under the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“Convention”) for violation of her daughter’s rights to life under Article 2, to freedom from …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Conscientious objection, Degrading treatment, Disclosure, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health records, Inadequate treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Medical records, Negligence, Pregnancy; Termination of pregnancy, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

P. and S. v. Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 57375/08
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were a Polish girl who was raped at the age of 14, resulting in pregnancy, and her mother. The applicants alleged that, when they sought an abortion, which is legal under Polish law for pregnancy resulting from rape, hospital staff attempted to dissuade the girl from having an abortion. At one hospital, she …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Conscientious objection, Counseling, Disclosure, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Rape, Secrecy, Sexual abuse, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Logan v. Hong

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Appeal for British Columbia
Citation: 2013 BCCA 249
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health information, Medicines
Facts:

The plaintiff qualified for a class action suit and sought to gather members to the class. The class action was filed for physical harm suffered by patients who were injected with a cosmetic facial filler called Dermalive manufactured by Dermatech, Intradermal Distribution Inc., and Vivier Pharma Inc. The plaintiff proposed to directly notify class members …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Drug enforcement, Drug quality, Drug safety, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health data, Health records, Manufacturing, Medical records, Pharmaceuticals
Download Judgment: English

Ediger v. Johnston

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: 2013 SCC 18
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The plaintiff, Cassidy Ediger (C) suffered from persistent bradycardia (slow heartrate) during birth resulting in severe brain damage. During the delivery procedure, the doctor attempted a mid-level forceps procedure as C’s mother’s labour was not progressing. Dr. Johnston did not inform C’s mother of the risks involved in the procedure including bradycardia and hence did …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Damages, Differently abled, Disclosure, Duty of care, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Infant health, Informed consent, Medical negligence, Negligence, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English

R. v. Felix

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Ontario Court of Appeal
Citation: 2013 ONCA 415
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

As a result of his alleged non-disclosure of his HIV-positive status to 3 complainants prior to engaging in sexual relations, the appellant (defendant), Lester Felix, was convicted of five counts of aggravated sexual assault and one count of sexual assault. Felix appealed all convictions. There was no evidence of the appellant’s level of risk of …Read more

Tags: Assault, Condoms, Contraception, Contraceptives, Disclosure, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Informed choice, Non-disclosure, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Avilkina and Others v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2013
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: ECHR 171 (2013)
Health Topics: Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant organization is a religious organization. Another organization wrote to the Russian president accusing the applicant organization of extremism and that an inquiry must be ensued into their activities. The letter was forwarded to the Prosecutor’s office and no violation was found. However, the applicant organization was not given access to the filed concerning …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health records, Medical records, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English

Right to Life New Zealand Inc. v. Abortion Supervisory Committee

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2012] NZSC 68
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to privacy
Facts:

This case is an appeal from the Court of Appeal’s decision of [2011] NZCA 246.  Under the Contraception, Sterlisation and Abortion Act 1997 (the Act), a woman in New Zealand is eligible for an abortion if two certifying consultants agree the pregnancy will seriously harm that woman’s physical or mental health.  The Abortion Supervisory Committee (the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Confidentiality, Counseling, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health records, Health regulation, Maternal health, Medical records, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Gillberg v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 2012
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 41723/06; [2010] ECHR 1676
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant is a 50-year old professor specializing in child and adolescent psychiatry, at the University of Gothenburg. A neuropsychiatry research project, the Gothenburg Study, focusing on Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children was carried out from 1977 to 1992 at the University of Gothenburg. The researchers assured “the children’s parents and later to the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Freedom of information, Health data, Health information, Health records, Non-disclosure, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English French

JT International SA v. Commonwealth

Country: Australia
Year: 2012
Court: High Court
Citation: [2012] HCA 43
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health information, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to property
Facts:

Australia’s Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 (“TPP Act”) imposed restrictions on the color, shape and finish of retail packaging for tobacco products. It prohibited the use of trade marks on such packaging other than the use of a brand, business or company name for the relevant tobacco product. Preexisting regulatory requirements for health messages and …Read more

Tags: Advertising, Awareness, Health promotion, Heart disease, Lung disease, Noncommunicable diseases, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English
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