24 judgments found.

Moiwana Community v. Suriname

Country: Suriname
Year: 2005
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Moiwana Community v. Surin., Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations and Costs, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 124 (June 15, 2005).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Mental health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

The village of Moiwana, consisting of N’djuka people of African descent, was attacked in November 1986 by members of the armed forces of Suriname, who allegedly massacred  40 men, women and children, and “razed the village to the ground.” Members of Moiwana practiced hunting, farming, and fishing as their means of subsistence. Following the massacre, …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Assault, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Military, Militias, Police, Poor, Refugees, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa v. Guinea

Country: Guinea
Year: 2004
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Inst. for H.R. & Dev. in Afr. v. Guinea, Afr. Comm’n Human & Peoples’ Rights, Comm. No. 249/02 (2004).
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

A human rights organization acting on behalf of Sierra Leonean refugees alleged that a national radio address of Guinean President Lasana Conté directing Guinean authorities to arrest, search and confine Sierra Leonean refugees to refugee camps incited soldiers and civilians to engage in attacks that violated provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Assault, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Military, Rape, Refugees, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Torture, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Öneryildiz v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 48939/99; (2005) 41 EHRR 20; [2004] ECHR 657; 18 BHRC 145, (2005); [2004] Inquest LR 108
Health Topics: Disasters and emergencies, Environmental health, Health information, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to housing, Right to life
Facts:

A household-rubbish tip, or dump, was created in the Ümraniye district of Istanbul. Illegal dwellings were constructed around the rubbish tip. A report found that the rubbish tip posed health risks and the possibility of explosion. In April 1993 there was a methane explosion which triggered a landslide. Nine of the applicants’ family members were …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Cleanliness, Cleansliness, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Forced displacement, Garbage, Indigent, Law enforcement, Low income, Manmade disaster, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Trash, Underprivileged, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English French

South Bucks District Council and Anr. v. Porter (FC)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2004
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2004] UKHL 33
Health Topics: Aging, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to housing
Facts:

Mrs. Porter, a 62 year old Romany gypsy, lived in a mobile home on a plot of land that she purchased in 1985. Her occupation of the site was unauthorized from the beginning. The home provided the appearance of a “permanent dwelling” but was in violation of the local Council’s planning control that did not …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Aged persons, Asthma, Diabetes, Elderly, Forced displacement, Non-communicable diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Older persons, Respiratory diseases, Senior citizens
Download Judgment: English

Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda

Country: Burundi, Congo, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda
Year: 2003
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2004) AHRLR 19 (ACHPR 2003); Communication 227/99
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The Democratic Republic of Congo initiated proceedings before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, alleging that the respondent countries (Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda) committed various human rights violations. The Democratic Republic of Congo alleged that the respondent countries committed multiple massacres against people of the Democratic Republic of Congo including attacking Inga hydroelectric …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Armed conflict, Assault, Children, Execution, Forced displacement, HIV, HIV positive, Manmade disaster, Military, Militias, Public hospitals, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Frank Cowl and Ors. v. Plymouth City Council

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen's Bench Division
Citation: [2001] EWCA Civ 1935
Health Topics: Aging
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to housing, Right to privacy
Facts:

Residents of a residential elderly care facility sought judicial review of a decision to close the facility. Plymouth City Council (“Plymouth”), the owner and operator of several residential elderly care facilities, decided to close two of its facilities, including Granby Way, the home of the eight claimants. The claimants sought judicial review of Plymouth’s decision. …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Elderly, Forced displacement, Long-term care, Nursing home, Older persons, Senior citizens
Download Judgment: English

The Social and Economic Rights Action Center, et al. v. Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Year: 2001
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: Comm. No. 155/96 (2001).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to a clean environment, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to life, Right to property
Facts:

The applicant alleged that the military government of Nigeria (Government), in its efforts to produce oil through the State-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), contaminated the environment of the Ogoni People and led to environmental degradation and health problems among that community. More specifically, the applicant claimed that the NNPC, acting within a consortium with …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Cancer, Clean water, Contamination, Drinking water, Environmental degradation, Environmental hazards, Food, Food shortages, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Lung disease, Military, Pollution, Potable water, Pulmonary diseases, Refugees, Respiratory diseases, Safe drinking water, Skin disease, Toxic waste, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Bulankulama and six others v. The Secretary, Ministry of Industrial Development and seven others

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: SC Application No 884/99 (FR), unreported
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to development, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

The respondents entered into a draft agreement with a leading US mining company for the exploration of phosphate deposits in Eppawela, an agriculturally developed area of great historical importance and archaeological value. The proposed area of exploration was described as land ‘initially covering 56 square kilometers’. The petitioners, residents of Eppawela, started proceedings in the …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Forced displacement, Industrial waste, Malaria, Pollution
Download Judgment: English

Kemai & 9 Others v. Attorney General of Kenya & 3 Others

Country: Kenya
Year: 2000
Court: High Court at Nairobi
Citation: Civil Case 238 of 1999; (2005) AHRLR 118 (KeHC 2000)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

This case was brought to the Court by members of the Ogiek community who sought a declaration that their forcible eviction from the Tinet Forest by the Kenyan government was unconstitutional. The applicants claimed that the eviction was in contravention of their rights to protection of the law, their right to life, their right to …Read more

Tags: Environmental degradation, Food, Forced displacement, Indigenous groups, Pollution, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Malawi African Association, et al. v. Mauritania

Country: Mauritania
Year: 2000
Court: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Citation: (2000) AHRLR 149 (ACHPR 2000); Communications 54/91, 61/91, 98/93, 164-196/97 and 210/98
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disasters and emergencies, Health care and health services, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to food, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to property, Right to work, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Six communications jointly alleged that the Mauritanian state committed numerous human rights violations from 1986 to 1992. Specifically, the communications alleged that the State violated articles 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (“the Charter”), which came into …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to health care, Armed conflict, Cleanliness, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Execution, Forced displacement, Humanitarian crisis, Humiliating treatment, Hunger, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Military, Prison conditions, Rape, Refugees, Solitary confinement, Starvation, Torture
Download Judgment: English
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