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44 judgments found.


Case C‐528/13

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: Case C‐528/13 Geoffrey Léger v Ministre des Affaires sociales, de la Santé et des Droits des femmes, Établissement français du sang
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The case concerned whether France could permanently defer men who have had sex with another man from blood donation. Mr. Léger went to a collection center to donate blood, but his blood donation was refused on the ground that he had had sexual intercourse with another man. The decision was based on a French decree …Read more

Tags: Blood transfusion, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Public safety
Download Judgment: English

Case 2015-470

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: Decision n° 2015-470 QPC
Health Topics: Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

The claimant water company alleged that France’s prohibition on allowing water providers to interrupt the provision of drinking water to users who did not pay their bills violated the constitutionally protected rights of contractual freedom and entrepreneurial freedom and the principles of equality before the law and public expenditures, especially considering that the electricity, heating, …Read more

Tags: Drinking water, Potable water
Download Judgment: English French

Lambert and Ors. v. France

Country: France
Year: 2015
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 46043/14
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life, Right to life
Facts:

The applicants appealed a decision to terminate artificial nutrition and hydration for their son, who was in a chronic vegetative state. In 2013, Mr. Lambert’s doctor and wife initiated proceedings to terminate care under the Act of 22 April 2005 (“Act”), which amended provisions of the Public Health Code (“Code”). However, the applicants received an …Read more

Tags: Compulsory treatment, Forced treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Case 2010-2 QPC

Country: France
Year: 2010
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2010-2 QPC, June 11th 2010
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to social security
Facts:

The QPC (Question prioritaire de constitutionnalité) process was created in France in 2008. It allows for preliminary rulings on the conformity of a legal provision with the Constitution. This disposition challenged the 2002 law (Paragraph I of section 1 of the Act of March 4th 2002) that states “No one shall claim he has sustained …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Children, Compensation, Disabled, Handicapped, Health insurance, Health regulation, Infant health, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English French German Italian Spanish

Case 315768

Country: France
Year: 2010
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°315768, 10 February 2010
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

Mr. Patrick A requested the annulment of the decision of 8 February 2008 by which the National Council of the Order of Doctors declined to authorize him as a certified specialist in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery. Mr. A had been practicing baldness surgery for 28 years as a general practitioner, and had …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Counseling, Diagnostics, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English French

Case 09-14679

Country: France
Year: 2010
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass. civ II, n°09-14679, 20 May 2010
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

Mrs. X operated a dog breeding company, and was a beneficiary of the minimum insertion income (an income for those that make below a certain amount) since 1 October 2006. This qualified her to request the complementary health protection. She did not request the health protection as she was covered by her husband’s social regime. …Read more

Tags: Low income, Poor, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English French

Case 2009-584 DC

Country: France
Year: 2009
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2009-584 DC, 16 July 2009
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

This case concerned a constitutional challenge to Articles 1, 10, 23, 84, 91 and 133 of law no.  2009-879 of July 21 2009, Loi portant réforme de l’hôpital et relative aux patients, à la santé et aux territoires (Law reforming hospitals and relating to patients, health and the territories) (the Law) in the Conseil Constitutionnel. …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Employment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health education, Health funding, Health regulation, Pharmaceuticals, Private hospitals, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public hospitals
Download Judgment: English French

Case 289793

Country: France
Year: 2009
Court: Conseil d’Etat (Council of State)
Citation: C.E., No. 289793, 10 April 2009
Health Topics: Health information, Mental health
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

Mr A suffered from psychiatric illness and was hospitalised against his will under a guardianship order in 1990 and 1996. His case was later transferred to a doctor chosen by him – Dr B, and all medical records were sent on to Dr B. Mr A later sought to obtain a copy of the entirety …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Health care professionals, Health records, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Medical records
Download Judgment: English French

Brun, André v. France

Country: France
Year: 2006
Court: Human Rights Committee
Citation: Brun v. France, U.N. H.R. Comm., U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/ 88/D/1453/2006 (Nov. 23, 2006).
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Public safety
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to health, Right to life, Right to participation, Right to privacy
Facts:

Brun claimed a violation of Article 2 (right to remedy), Article 6 (right to life) and Article 17 (right to privacy) of the International Covenant Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Brun argued that Article 17 should be interpreted to include the right to live in a healthy environment. He had been sentenced for demonstrating against …Read more

Tags: Biosafety, Contamination, Environmental hazards, Food, Food safety, Genetically-modified food, Precautionary principle, Safety regulation
Download Judgment: English

Draon v. France

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 1513/03; (2006) 42 EHRR 40; [2005] ECHR 679
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to property
Facts:

The application concerned a negligent prenatal diagnosis made by Assistance Publique—Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), a molecular diagnosis laboratory. AP-HP failed to detect an anomaly during pregnancy, resulting in the birth of a disabled child to Lionel and Christine Draon. AP-HP admitted liability for its negligence, and the Draons submitted an application to the Paris Administrative …Read more

Tags: Child development, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Damages, Disabled, Handicapped, Infant health, Maternal health, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Remedies
Download Judgment: English French

Maurice v. France

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 11810/03; (2006) 42 EHRR 42; [2005] ECHR 683
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to property
Facts:

The application concerned a negligent prenatal diagnosis made by Assistance Publique—Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), a molecular diagnosis laboratory. AP-HP failed to detect an anomaly during pregnancy, resulting in the birth of a disabled child to Didier and Sylvia Maurice. Mr. and Mrs. Maurice submitted an application to the Paris Administrative Court for an assessment of …Read more

Tags: Child development, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Damages, Disabled, Handicapped, Infant health, Maternal health, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Remedies
Download Judgment: English French

Case 248357

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°248357, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

In 2002, the ASSOCIATION AGAINST HANDIPHOBIA brought this challenge to Article L. 2123-2 of the Public Health Code, which allows for a guardian judge to impose contraception, sterilization and pregnancy termination on people with mental disabilities after rigorous review. The Association claimed the law was unconstitutional, a violation of the Declaration of the Rights of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Compulsory sterilization, Compulsory treatment, Contraception, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Involuntary sterilization, Involuntary treatment, Judicial bypass, Mandatory treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental retardation, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Parental consent, Pregnancy, Sterilization, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English French

Case 01-03259

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass civ I, n°01-03259, 6 May 2003
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

A woman being treated by Polyclinic requested that two doctors from outside the clinic to come to treat her child. The polyclinic did not allow the two pediatric specialists to practice in the clinic. The Court of Appeal held that the polyclinic had violated L. 1111-1 of the Public Health Code and L.162-2 of the …Read more

Tags: Clinics, Informed choice, Maternal health, Patient choice
Download Judgment: English French

Case 02-10957

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass civ I, n°02-10957, 7 December 2004
Health Topics: Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

After a tympanoplasty procedure provided by Dr. Y, Mrs. X suffered from partial facial paralysis. Mrs. X sought damages for the entire facial paralysis that she suffered, claiming that Dr. Y had violated the doctor’s duty to fully inform patients of the potential consequences of a medical procedure. The lower court awarded Mrs. X damages, and …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Damages, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Informed choice, Patient choice, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English French

Case 07-41845

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass civ I, n°07-41845, 9 July 2008. Bulletin 2008, V, n° 155
Health Topics: Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health
Facts:

Mrs. X was an employee of the Sochata Snecma company, which is a part of Snecma services, on the site of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. Mrs X was laid off on account of a disruption of the service following numerous work stoppages.  The Rambouillet employee claims court reversed her dismissal and ordered her reinstatement within the Snecma services …Read more

Tags: Job safety, Occupational health and safety, Physically challenged, Safe working conditions, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English French

Case 94-19685

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass Civ I, n°94-19685, 25 February 1997
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

After a colonoscopy, a patient suffered from  intestinal perforation. The patient sued the doctor for not having provided information on the possible risks of the surgery to him prior to the surgery. The Court of Appeal held that the patient had the burden to prove that the doctor had breached his duty to inform, and …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Freedom of information, Informed choice, Notification, Patient choice, Secrecy, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English French

Case 95-81605

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass Crim, n°95-81605, 21 February 1996
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Tobacco
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to health
Facts:

The defendant was the editor of the weekly magazine VSD (Vendredi, Samedi, Dimanche). In this case, VSD appealed a decision of the court of appeals in which the defendant was fined 200,000 francs by the Paris Court of Appeals on 24 February 1995 for complicity in illegal advertisement of tobacco as defined by the laws …Read more

Tags: Non-communicable diseases, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English French

Case 97-10267

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Appeal No. 97-10267. Cass civ I, 7 October 1998.
Health Topics: Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

Mrs. X was treated for persistent kyphosis (curvature of the spine) by Dr. Y. After her spinal graft operation, she developed a problem with her eye known as cavernous sinus thrombosis. As a result, she lost sight in her left eye. Mrs. X sued Dr. Y for failing to inform her about all of the risks …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Duty of care, Informed choice, Notification, Patient choice, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English French

Case 270234

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°270234, 26 September 2005
Health Topics: Health information
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioners brought this challenge to a decision of the French Minister of Health and Social Welfare and to a decree legislating the patient’s right to access his/her health information held by health professionals or facility and her/his right to use the help of a mandated third person to access such information. The petitioners requested the …Read more

Tags: Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health facilities, Health information, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure
Download Judgment: English French

Case 256001

Country: France
Year: 2005
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°256001, 12 January 2005
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medical malpractice
Facts:

This case concerned violations of the physicians’ professional Code of Conduct and a disregard for the general nomenclature of professional acts in medicine by Mr. Gilbert X. Mr. X was sanctioned by the Social Security Section of the National Council of the College of Physicians to a four months prohibition of the right to dispense …Read more

Tags: Counseling, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health regulation, Negligence, Remedies, Social security, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English French

Vo v. France

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 53924/00; (2005) 40 EHRR 12; 17 BHRC 1; [2005] Inquest LR 129; (2004) 79 BMLR 71; [2004] 2 FCR 577; [2004] ECHR 326
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to life
Facts:

Mrs. Thi-Nho Vo attended Lyons General Hospital for a medical examination during her pregnancy. On the same day, another woman, Mrs. Thi Thanh Van Vo, was at the hospital to have a contraceptive coil removed. When Dr. G, the doctor who was to remove the coil from Mrs. Thi Thanh Van Vo, asked for ‘Mrs. …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Criminalization, Damages, Emergency care, Inappropriate treatment, Maternal health, Negligence, Pregnancy, Remedies, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Tort
Download Judgment: English French

Gelfmann v. France

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 25875/03, Eur. Ct. H.R. 679 (2008).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The applicant, a prisoner, alleged violation of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights when his application for pardon on medical grounds was refused. Applicant contracted HIV nine years prior to being sentenced to 20 years of imprisonment. Because applicant refused to undergo a medical exam or release access to his medical records, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, AIDS, Custody, Detainee, Detention, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English French

International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (FIDH) v. France

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: European Committee of Social Rights
Citation: Complaint No. 13/2003, 40 Eur. H.R. Rep. SE25 (2005).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Changes in French domestic law required foreign nationals to have lawfully resided in France for three continuous months and to satisfy an economic means test in order to qualify for benefits under the country’s universal medical coverage (CMU) program. The benefits for lawful nationals included health insurance with a potential to receive supplemental insurance. Conversely, …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Health care technology, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health spending, Immigration, Migrants, Minor
Download Judgment: English

Editions Plon v. France

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Plon (société) v. Fr., App. No. 58148/00, 42 Eur. H.R. Rep. 36 (2006).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health information
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a publishing company named Plon, and the authors of a book that contained information about former French President Mitterrand’s secret battle with cancer, entitled “Le Grand Secret,” were stopped through a court injunction by the family of President Mitterrand from distributing the book. On 23 October 1996 the Paris tribunal de grande instance, …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Confidentiality, Disclosure, Health information, Secrecy
Download Judgment: English French

Case 2004-504

Country: France
Year: 2004
Court: Conseil Constitutionnel (Constitutional Council)
Citation: Décision n° 2004-504
Health Topics: Health information, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

In this case a number of petitioners challenged the constitutional validity of an act reforming the public health insurance system. The impugned provisions were: Article 3 of the Act inserted articles which provide for establishment provides for the establishment of a system to promote coordination, quality and continuity of care and will allow for monitoring …Read more

Tags: Health expenditures, Health insurance, Health records, Health regulation, Medical records, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: French

Mouisel v. France

Country: France
Year: 2003
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 67263/01, 38 Eur. H.R. Rep. 34 (2004).
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

Applicant, a prisoner serving a 15-year sentence, alleged that France violated his Article 3 rights against inhuman treatment when his appeals for pardon on the grounds of suffering form a worsening state of leukemia were denied. Medical reports showed that Mouisel had leukemia and that the disease continued to worsen. However, Mouisel’s application to the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Cancer, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detention, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Leukemia, Secondary care, Tertiary care, Torture
Download Judgment: English French Russian

Case 2001-446 DC

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2001-446 DC, 27 June 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Before the promulgation of the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Act, 78 senators made a referral to the French constitutional court challenging the constitutionality of the new bill according to article 61 of the French Constitution. The Act had three components. It extended to 12 weeks the period of time a woman could have an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Children, Counseling, Criminalization, Forced abortion, Freedom of information, Health facilities, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Case 198546

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil d'Etat [Council of State]
Citation: C.E., n°198546, 26 October 2001
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life
Facts:

The plaintiff’s husband was hospitalized due to severe renal failure. Conscious of his severe state of health, the husband wrote a statement ten days later stating that, as a Jehovah’s Witness, he refused to get any blood products or transfusions, even if there were essential to his survival. The doctors gave him a blood transfusion …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Clinical trials, Emergency care, Forced treatment, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Notification, Patient choice, Public hospitals, Tort, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English French

Case 2001-449 DC

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2001-449 DC, 4 July 2001
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

Certain delegates referred the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy (Abortion) and Contraception Act to the Constitutional Court in order to challenge it. Under the relevant paragraphs of the Constitution, the 15-day period in which the President must act to promulgate an act after its final adoption could only be suspended where such act was referred to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English French German

Case 00-14564

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass. civ I, n°00-14564, 9 October 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

A doctor, Y, was treating Mrs. X during her pregnancy. Y suspected a breech presentation (buttocks- or feet-first presentation rather than the normal head-first presentation) during the 8th month of pregnancy. The mother wanted a home birth. On 12 January, the child was born in a home birth and as a result of inadequate medical …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child development, Children, Disabled, Emergency care, Handicapped, Health care technology, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Minor, Non-evidence based treatment, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Standard of care
Download Judgment: French
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