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128 judgments found.


Carter v. Canada (Attorney General)

Country: Canada
Year: 2015
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2015 SCC 5
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

After Plaintiff Gloria Taylor was diagnosed with a terminal illness in 2009, she challenged the constitutionality of the Canadian Criminal Code Section 241(b), which prohibited assistance in dying. The trial court held that the law was unconstitutional and granted Taylor an exemption from the law. The Court of Appeal reversed, basing their decision on the …Read more

Tags: Cancer, Counseling, Disabled, Informed choice, Leukemia, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Palliative care, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Cameron Mathieson, a deceased child (by his father Craig Mathieson) v. Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: United Kingdom Supreme Court
Citation: [2015] UKSC 47; UKSC 2014/0166
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant, Craig Mathieson, represented his deceased son, whose Disability Living Allowance (DLA) had been suspended by the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. The son had been severely disabled since birth and required a high level of care. His parents were his primary care-givers. The son was admitted to the hospital for chronic …Read more

Tags: Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Physically challenged, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

In the Matter of the Law on Termination of Pregnancy in Northern Ireland

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2015
Court: The High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2015] NIQB 96; 2014 No. 125661/01
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (“Commission”) brought an application alleging that the rights of women in Northern Ireland who are or become pregnant with a serious malformation of the fetus (SMF), fatal fetal abnormality (FFA) or who are pregnant as a result of sexual crimes were being breached by Section 58 and Section 59 …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Abortion technique, Access to health care, Disabled, Family planning, Health regulation, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Fag ogArbejde, acting on behalf of Karsten Kaltoft v. Kommunernes Landsforening, acting on behalf of the Municipality of Billund

Country: Denmark
Year: 2014
Court: European Court of Justice
Citation: Case C‐354/13
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The plaintiff, a childminder in the employ of the Municipality of Billund (the defendant), was fired. The plaintiff claimed such firing was due to his obesity, although  the defendant claimed that the plaintiff was fired due to a decline in the number of children for him to take care of. The European Convention for the …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Employment, Handicapped, Obesity, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

S.C. v. Brazil

Country: Brazil
Year: 2014
Court: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Citation: Communication No. 10/2013; U.N. Doc. CRPD/C/12/D/10/2013
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to work
Facts:

A Brazilian national, S.C., worked as a teller at a state-run bank. S.C. was involved in three motorcycle accidents, in 2006, 2007, and 2009. She underwent surgery in 2008 after the second accident. She took medical leave in 2009. Under the bank’s internal policy, she was required to return from medical leave within three months …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Noncommunicable diseases, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Hall v. Florida

Country: United States
Year: 2014
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 572 U.S. ___ (2014); 134 S.Ct. 1986
Health Topics: Disabilities, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The petitioner and his accomplice kidnapped, beat, raped, and murdered a pregnant woman before driving to a convenience store, which they planned to rob. In the parking lot of the store, they killed a sheriff’s deputy who attempted to apprehend them. The petitioner received the death penalty for both murders. He argued that he could …Read more

Tags: Cruel and unusual punishment, Execution, Mental competence, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

H v. Fetal Assessment Centre

Country: South Africa
Year: 2014
Court: Constitutional Court of South Africa
Citation: (CCT 74/14) [2014] ZACC 34
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The mother of the applicant, who was born in 2008 with Down Syndrome instituted a claim on his behalf for damages against the Fetal Assessment Centre. Her son was born in 2008 with Down syndrome. She claimed that the Centre negligently failed to warn her of the high risk that her child would be born …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Awareness, Child development, Children, Compensation, Confidentiality, Damages, Diagnostics, Differently abled, Disabled, Disclosure, Examination, Health care technology, Informed choice, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Tort
Download Judgment: English

Mr. X v. Argentina

Country: Argentina
Year: 2014
Court: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Citation: Communication No. 8/2012
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

This case involves a claimant that repeatedly requested house arrest due to disability, but was denied house arrest and held in a prison he claims lacks the infrastructure necessary to maintain his right to health and dignity. Claimant was being held in pretrial detention at a prison complex. With authorization of the court, he underwent …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Disabled, Emergency care, Examination, Imprisonment, Inhuman treatment, Neurological diseases, Physically challenged, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

R. (on the application of Nicklinson) v. Ministry of Justice

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2014
Court: The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
Citation: [2014] HRLR 17
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellants, all individuals suffering from severe medical conditions, wished to die but were physically incapable of doing so themselves, due to their respective medical limitations. They could not find anyone to assist them in ending their lives; UK law criminalized assisting suicide. At issue was whether s. 2(1) of the Suicide Act 1961 (“s. …Read more

Tags: Criminalization, Disabled, Informed choice, Patient choice, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

The Queen v. Ministry of Justice

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2013
Court: Court of Appeal, Queen’s Bench Division
Citation: [2013] EWCA Civ 961
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Martin suffered a stroke in 2008 leaving him unable to move or speak. He was completely dependent on his family and spent almost all of his time in bed. The effects of his stroke were permanent. Because of his disabilities, he was not able to take his own life. He had attempted to end his …Read more

Tags: Assisted suicide, Criminalization, Disabled, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Informed choice, Palliative care, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Suicide
Download Judgment: English

Slattery v. Manningham City Council

Country: Australia
Year: 2013
Court: Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Human Rights Division
Citation: [2013] VCAT 1869
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Mr. Slattery brought this action in the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) alleging that the City Council of Manningham (“the Council”) had unfairly discriminated against him based on his disability. Slattery suffered from a series of mental impairments including bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Additionally, he acquired a …Read more

Tags: Bipolar, Disabled, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

B. v. Romania (no. 2)

Country: Romania
Year: 2013
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 1285/03
Health Topics: Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, M.B., filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights for a violation of (1) laws concerning compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals and (2) laws concerning decisions in child-rearing where the parent or guardian’s mental capacity is in question. M.B. was diagnosed in 2000 with paranoid schizophrenia. As a result of her …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory confinement, Compulsory examination, Counselling, Disabled, Forced examination, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Involuntary examination, Mandatory commitment, Mandatory confinement, Mandatory examination, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Paranoia, Patient choice, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English

Cojocaru v. British Columbia Women’s Hospital and Health Centre

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 2013 SCC 30
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information
Facts:

The plaintiff, who had previously given birth via caesarean section, was due to give birth a second time. Her obstetrician recommended a vaginal birth. During labor, Cojocaru’s uterus ruptured, which restricted oxygen supply to the baby. The scar from the previous caesarean contributed to the rupture, and an emergency caesarean section was performed. The baby …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Child development, Childbirth, Children, Compensation, Counseling, Damages, Differently abled, Disabled, Duty of care, Emergency care, Examination, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Inadequate treatment, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Minor, Negligence, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Parental consent, Parental notification, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Remedies, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English French

Ediger v. Johnston

Country: Canada
Year: 2013
Court: Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: 2013 SCC 18
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medical malpractice
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The plaintiff, Cassidy Ediger (C) suffered from persistent bradycardia (slow heartrate) during birth resulting in severe brain damage. During the delivery procedure, the doctor attempted a mid-level forceps procedure as C’s mother’s labour was not progressing. Dr. Johnston did not inform C’s mother of the risks involved in the procedure including bradycardia and hence did …Read more

Tags: Compensation, Damages, Differently abled, Disclosure, Duty of care, Emergency care, Health care professionals, Infant health, Informed consent, Medical negligence, Negligence, Standard of care, Tort
Download Judgment: English

H.M. v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 2012
Court: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Citation: Communication No. 3/2011; U.N. Doc. CRPD/C/7/D/3/2011
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Disabilities, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The petitioner had a chronic connective tissue disorder, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS), due to which she could no longer leave her house nor could she be transported to the hospital because of the increased risk of injury. The only type of rehabilitation available to her was hydrotherapy via an indoor pool at her house. Accordingly, the …Read more

Tags: Access to healthcare, Access to treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

ZH v. The Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Court: Central London County Court
Citation: [2012] EWHC 604 (QB)
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

At the time of the events involved in the case, ZH was a sixteen-year-old boy who suffered from autism and epilepsy. ZH was taken on a pool visit where he became fixated by the water. His carers and the pool staff could not touch him because he would have reacted adversely. The pool manager called …Read more

Tags: Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Law enforcement, Mental disability, Police
Download Judgment: English

Case GKPI 11-2093

Country: Russia
Year: 2012
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Disabilities, Disasters and emergencies, Occupational health
Human Rights: Right to social security
Facts:

The appellant contracted a disease while on a business trip to the Chernobyl region to participate in work to contain the consequences of the nuclear disaster. He sought to receive employment compensation based on the disease he acquired and his resulting disability, without submitting an official report on an accident at work or an occupational …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Manmade disaster, Nuclear disaster, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Occupational health and safety, Physically challenged, Safe working conditions, Workers' compensation
Download Judgment: English Russian

R v. DAI

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: The Supreme Court of Canada
Citation: [2012] SCC 5
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The Crown alleged that the complainant, a 26-year-old woman with the mental age of a three to 6-year-old was repeatedly sexually assaulted by her mother’s partner D.A.I during the four years that he lived in their home. The Crown sought to call the complainant to testify about the alleged assaults. The trial judge found that …Read more

Tags: Assault, Competence to testify, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Law enforcement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Case of Koch v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: [2012] ECHR 1621
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant’s late wife suffered from total sensorimotor quadriplegia. The couple requested the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (the “Federal Institute”) grant her authorization to obtain a lethal dose of pentobarbital of sodium so she could commit suicide. The Federal Institute refused the request on the grounds that the German Narcotics Act …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Drug use, Handicapped, Harm reduction, Neurological diseases, Noncommunicable diseases, Pharmaceuticals, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Laidlow v The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration

Country: Canada
Year: 2012
Court: Federal Court
Citation: (2012) FC 144
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant was a citizen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines who entered Canada on a visitor visa, and remained in Canada illegally after his visa had expired. During this time, he was hospitalized after losing his eyesight and memory. He was diagnosed with a benign tumor affecting his brain and pituitary gland. The tumor …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Blind, Essential medicines, Examination, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Immigrants, Immigration, Refugees, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Bures v The Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 2012
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: [2012] ECHR 1819
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines, Mental health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

This case concerned an application against the Czech Republic lodged with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (the Convention). The applicant alleged that he was ill-treated in a sobering-up centre in violation of Article 3 of the Convention, and …Read more

Tags: Compulsory commitment, Compulsory treatment, Controlled substances, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Hospitals, Informed consent, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mandatory commitment, Mental disability, Mental health, Mental institution, Neurological diseases, Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychosis, Psychotropic drugs, Rehabilitation, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Case D-358/2009

Country: Belarus
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Aging, Disabilities, Health systems and financing, Informed consent
Human Rights: Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Exercising its obligatory preliminary control powers, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus considered the constitutionality of the Law of the Republic of Belarus on Making Alterations and Addenda to Certain Laws of the Republic of Belarus on Social Protection of the Disabled People (the Law). The Law created a state obligation to provide …Read more

Tags: Aged persons, Disabled, Elderly, Handicapped, Health funding, Informed choice, Long-term care, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Older persons, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Senior citizens, Social security
Download Judgment: English Belarusian

Dr. Ajith C.S. Perera v. Attorney General and Others

Country: Sri Lanka
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: S.C. (FR) No. 221/2009
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

This case was filed by the Secretary General of IDIRIYA, Dr. Ajith C.S. Perera. IDIRIYA is a non- profit organization advocating for disability-related access issues. The Act for the Protection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, No. 28 of 1996, together with the Disabled Persons (Accessibility) Regulations, No.1 of 2006, specify the manner …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Case 115

Country: Bulgaria
Year: 2011
Court: Commission for Protection against Discrimination in Republic of Bulgaria
Citation: CPAD. 2011. Judgment No. 115.
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The complaint was brought by Zoya Trifonova, in her capacity as chairperson for the foundation “Center for Hope” against ‘Metropolitan’ EAD, an entity owned by Sofia municipality and administrator of the city’s metro rail services. The construction of the metro station ‘Sofia University’ hindered the access of persons with disabilities to use public transportation. Trifonova’s …Read more

Tags: Blind, Disabled, Handicapped, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English

Case 828/2011

Country: Spain
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: STS 828/2011
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to work
Facts:

Mercadona SA (the “employer”) sought review of a decision from the appellate court that declared the dismissal of Mr. Fernando (the “employee”) null and void and required the employer to re-employ the employee and pay back-wages from the date of dismissal. The employee was hired as a manager at one the employer’s facilities in March …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Employment, Handicapped, Health insurance, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 0005-08-AN

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 0005-08-AN, April 2, 2009
Health Topics: Disabilities
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence
Facts:

This case was a noncompliance action brought by the plaintiffs, Silvia Game Muñoz y Alfredo Luna Narváez, in respect of Art. 23 of the Law Restating the Law regarding Persons with Disabilities (“LRLPD”), which provided for the importation of certain vehicles for the use of persons with disabilities. The first plaintiff had previously obtained a favorable ruling …Read more

Tags: Disabled, Handicapped, Physically challenged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case 0028-10-TI

Country: Ecuador
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitutional]
Citation: Corte Constitucional Case No. 0028-10-TI, July 22, 2010
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

This case was a review of the constitutionality of the Agreement on Social Security signed between the governments of Spain and Ecuador, to provide nationals working in the companion State with the same benefits as they would receive in their home country. In Spain’s case, this required provision for temporary disability during mass outbreaks of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Disabled, Maternal health, Occupational accident, Occupational disease, Social security
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Centre For Health, Human Rights and Development (CEHURD), et al. v. The Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2011
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: Constitutional Petition No. 64 of 2011
Health Topics: Disabilities, Mental health, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The Centre for Health, Human Rights and Development (“CEHURD”) alleged that Uganda passed laws that were (1) degrading to mentally challenged individuals and (2) contrary to the Ugandan Constitution (“Constitution”). The factual issue at hand involved the claim that people with mental disabilities were being detained for long and indefinite periods of time without due …Read more

Tags: Compulsory confinement, Cruel and unusual punishment, Degrading treatment, Differently abled, Disabled, Handicapped, Humiliating treatment, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary confinement, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation
Download Judgment: English

T. P. F. (represented by the Centre for Reproductive Rights and the Centre for the Promotion and Protection of Sexual and Reproductive Rights) v. Peru

Country: Peru
Year: 2011
Court: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Citation: Communication No. 22/2009
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

This claim was brought on behalf of the injured by her mother, who asserted that the failure of the Peruvian health system to ensure access to essential services for women, in this case therapeutic abortion, compromises its obligations under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, entered into force in …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Depression, Disabled, Emergency care, Examination, Minor, Miscarriage, Pregnancy, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
Download Judgment: English

Ministry of Health v. Atkinson

Country: New Zealand
Year: 2010
Court: High Court
Citation: [2010] NZHC 1216
Health Topics: Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

In 2010, the New Zealand Human Rights Tribunal (the Tribunal) declared that the New Zealand government’s policy that excluded relatives of disabled persons from receiving public payments for providing home-care disability services  (the Policy) was discriminatory and thus, violated s 19 of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act (NZBoRA). The Tribunal’s declaration was challenged …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Budget, Disabled, Handicapped, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health insurance, Health regulation, Health spending, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Physically challenged, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English
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