41 judgments found.

Dr. K.C. Malhotra v. State of Madhya Pradesh and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1993
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: AIR 1994 MP 48
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, a medical practitioner, filed a petition requesting that the court direct the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Municipal Corporation, Gwalior to clean up the open drains, dirt, and contaminated water and rubbish which the petitioner claimed resulted in the spread of a cholera epidemic. The Municipal Corporation claimed that it performed it obligatory …Read more

Tags: Children, Cholera, Drinking water, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India (Kanpur Tanneries)

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1988 AIR 1115; 1988 SCR (2) 530; 1988 SCC (1) 471; JT 1988 (1) 69
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Due to discharge of untreated effluents in the Ganga river, the water of the river was rendered unsafe for drinking, fishing and bathing purposes, essentially creating a public nuisance. In M.C. Mehta v. Union of India & ors., ((1987) 4 S.C.C. 463), the Court had held the city municipality, Kanpur Nagar Mahapalika (Mahapalika), responsible for …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Biosafety, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Sewage, Typhoid, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Rakesh Chandra Narayan v. State of Bihar and Others

Country: India
Year: 1988
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1989 AIR 348; 1988 SCR Supl. (3) 306; 1989 SCC Supl. (1) 644; JT 1988 (4) 233; 1988 SCALE (2) 965
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medicines, Mental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Facts:

In 1985 the Petitioners wrote a letter to the Court regarding the deteriorating state of the Ranchi Mansik Arogyashala, a mental hospital (the Hospital) in Bihar. The Court treated it as a public interest litigation under Article 32 of the Constitution. The Court directed the Chief Judicial Magistrate to visit the Hospital and submit a …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Cleanliness, Malnutrition, Mental illness, Mental institution, Pharmaceuticals, Public hospitals, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

L.K. Koolwal v. State of Rajasthan and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1986
Court: High Court - Rajasthan
Citation: AIR 1988 Raj 2; 1987 (1) WLN 134
Health Topics: Environmental health, Health information, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to a clean environment, Right to life
Facts:

LK Koolwal, the Petitioner, sought to enforce the Rajasthan Municipalities Act, 1959 (the Act) in the city of Jaipur. Under the Act, the Municipality has a duty to clean public places of all filth. The Petitioner contended that several areas in Jaipur were frought with sanitation problems and the Municipality was not performing its duties …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Freedom of information, Pollution, Sewage, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

M.C. Mehta v. Union of India and Ors (Oleum Gas Case 3)

Country: India
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1987 AIR 1086; 1987 SCR (1) 819; 1987 SCC (1) 395; JT 1987 (1) 1; 1986 SCALE (2) 1188
Health Topics: Environmental health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Shriram Foods and Fertiliser Plant, Delhi (Shriram) was situated amidst a population of 200,000 people. It manufactured items such as glycerin soap, and technical hard oil. The petitioner, M.C. Mehta, filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court to obtain an order for closure of the plant and its relocation to an area where it …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Pollution, Poor, Toxic waste, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Chief Bernard Ominayak, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1984
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 167/1984: U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/38/D/167/1984 (1990)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Chief Bernard Ominayak (the “author”) was the leader and representative of the Lubicon Lake Band (the “Band”), a Cree Indian Band living in the Province of Alberta in Canada. He argued that the State party expropriated Lubicon land for commercial interest despite its recognition that the Band members had the right to continue their traditional …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Childbirth, Clean water, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Environmental degradation, Food, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Miscarriage, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

E.H.P. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1982
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 67/1980, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/OP/1 at 20
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

This communication was filed by the chairperson of the Port Hope Environmental Group on behalf of the residents of Port Hope, Ontario, Canada. From 1945 to 1952, Eldorado Nuclear Ltd., a federal Crown Corporation, disposed of nuclear waste in dumpsites within Port Hope, a town of 10,000 people. In 1975, large-scale pollution of residences and …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cancer, Contamination, Genetic disease, Industrial waste, Nuclear radiation, Nuclear waste, Pollution, Toxic waste, Waste, Waste management, Water pollution
Download Judgment: English

Municipal Council, Ratlam v. Vardichan and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1980
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 1980 AIR 1622; 1981 SCR (1) 97; 1980 SCC (4) 162
Health Topics: Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Both the prosperous and poor people of New Road, Ratlam were victims of extremely inadequate basic public sanitation facilities, fluid discharge of a local alcohol plant and overflow of storm water to the street. This resulted in various types of septic fluids flowing openly and constantly in the street, and consequently the street’s sanitation was …Read more

Tags: Biohazard, Cleanliness, Contamination, Environmental degradation, Malaria, Pollution, Poor, Sewage, Underprivileged, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Ramos v. Lamm

Country: United States
Year: 1980
Court: 10th Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 639 F.2d 559 (1980)
Health Topics: Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Prisons, Violence, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of association, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to food, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

This case was an appeal by the State of Colorado (“Colorado”) and Colorado prison officials, challenging an order from the Colorado Federal District Court directing the State of Colorado to close the maximum security unit of the Colorado State Penitentiary at Canon City (“Old Max”). Inmate Fidel Ramos filed a complaint alleging that the conditions …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Assault, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Emergency care, Food, Food safety, Garbage, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health spending, Imprisonment, Inappropriate treatment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Jail, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Misdiagnosis, Prison conditions, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

People of the Philippines v. Juanito Solon

Country: Philippines
Year: 1960
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: G.R. No. L-14864
Health Topics: Environmental health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

Juanito Solon was convicted and fined (with subsidiary imprisonment in case of insolvency) for having violated Cebu City Ordinance No. 241 (the Ordinance). The Ordinance required drivers of vehicle-drawing animals to properly dispose of the waste discharged by their vehicle-drawing animals while traveling City roads. Solon challenged his conviction on the grounds that the Ordinance …Read more

Tags: Cleanliness, Contamination, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English