206 judgments found.

Environment Action Network Ltd. v. Attorney General and National Environment Management Agency

Country: Uganda
Year: 2001
Court: High Court at Kampala
Citation: High Court Miscellaneous Application No. 39 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Public safety, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The applicant, a public interest organisation, brought an application in the public interest seeking a declaration that unregulated smoking in public areas is a violation of the constitutional rights of non-smokers to life and to a clean and healthy environment. Article 50(2) of Uganda’s Constitution provides that “[a]ny person or organization may bring an action …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Children, Minor, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Second-hand smoke, Smoking
Download Judgment: English

Ferguson v. City of Charleston

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 532 U.S. 67 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Controlled substances, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

Petitioners were former patients who received obstetrical care at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a public hospital in the city of Charleston, and who were arrested after testing positive for cocaine. In 1988, concerns arose among MUSC staff about an apparent increase in the use of cocaine by patients who were receiving prenatal …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cocaine, Compulsory testing, Crack cocaine, Drug abuse, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Maternal health, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Substance abuse
Download Judgment: English

Hatton and Ors. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 36022/97, 34 Eur. H.R. Rep. 1 (2002).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

Eight applicants, all British citizens, lived on properties in the areas surrounding Heathrow Airport. They complained that United Kingdom’s “noise quota” policy introduced in 1993 allowing for increased flights and levels of noise at night and especially in the early morning interfered with their rights pursuant to Article 8 (right to respect for his or …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution
Download Judgment: English Albanian French

K. and T. v. Finland

Country: Finland
Year: 2001
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 25702/94; (2003) 36 EHRR 18; [2000] ECHR 173
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

Applicants were two Finnish Nationals, a mother (K.) and her cohabitant (T.). K., a diagnosed schizophrenic, had a history of hospitalization. At the time K. and T. began cohabitating in 1991, K.’s daughter (P.) and son (M.) were living with her. The children had different fathers, neither of whom was T. In 1992, custody of …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Compulsory commitment, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Infant health, Involuntary commitment, Mandatory commitment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Minor, Pediatric health, Psychiatry, Psychology, Schizophrenia
Download Judgment: English Albanian French

Monteserin, Marcelino v. Estado Nacional – Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social – Comisión Nacional Asesora para la Integración de Personas Discapacitadas – Servicio Nacional de Rehabilitación y Promoción de la Persona con Discapacidad

Country: Argentina
Year: 2001
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación [CSJN] [National Supreme Court of Justice], 16/10/2001, "Monteserin, Marcelino c/ Estado Nacional - Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social - Comisión Nacional Asesora para la integración de Personas Discapacitadas - Servicio Nacional de Rehabilitación y Promoción de la Persona con Discapacidad s/ recurso de hecho," (M. 375. XXXVI) (Arg.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Adoptive father of child with cerebral paralysis brought case against the State of Argentina and its dependent agencies to force them to fulfill their obligations under Arts. 3 (second paragraph) and 4 of Law N° 24.901 (subsidized healthcare system) , and Art. 23 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (Right of …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Budget, Child development, Children, Disabled, Health spending, Low income, Minor, Poor
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Treatment Action Campaign v. Minister of Health (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2001
Court: High Court - Transvaal Provincial Division
Citation: 2002(4) BCLR 356 (T)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Applicants sought an order that the respondents (the Minister of Health and the members of the executive council for health) make Nevirapine available to pregnant women with HIV who give birth in public health institutions and “produce and implement an effective national program to prevent or reduce mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, including …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Child development, Child mortality, Children, Counseling, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Minor, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing
Download Judgment: English

Campodónico de Beviacqua, Ana Carina v. Ministerio de Salud y Acción Social – Secretaría de Programas de Salud y Banco de Drogas Neoplásicas

Country: Argentina
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: C. 823. XXXV
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The plaintiff filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) in the name of her son, who suffered from Kostmann’s disease, a severe bone marrow defect. Because of this disease, the plaintiff’s son was entirely dependent on a medicine called Neutromax 300. From June 1996 to December 1998, the National Bank of Antineoplastic …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Budget, Child development, Children, Disabled, Handicapped, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health regulation, Health spending, Low income, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Poor, Social security, Subsidies, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Elsholz v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 2000
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 25735/94, Eur. Ct. H.R. 371 (2000).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a German national was the acknowledged and supporting father of the child, C., born out of wedlock. Five years later the mother refused visits by applicant to his son and mediation attempts failed. The applicant unsuccessfully filed an application to the Mettmann District Court (Amtsgericht) for an order granting him a right of …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Minor
Download Judgment: English German

In re A (children)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2000
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [2000] EWCA Civ 254
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

Jodie and Mary were conjoined twins connected at the lower abdomen. Each had their own vital organs, but one of Jodie’s arteries supplied oxygenated blood to Mary. The twins were surgically capable of being separated, but doing so would leave Mary’s deficient heart and lungs without support and lead to her death. However, if the …Read more

Tags: Children, Disabled, Duty of care, Forced treatment, Incompetence, Infant health, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Public hospitals, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Prof. Nurul Islam, et al. v. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, et al.

Country: Bangladesh
Year: 2000
Court: Supreme Court - High Court Division
Citation: 52 DLR (2000) 413
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Environmental health, Health systems and financing, Tobacco
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The above judgment combined two writ petitions that both dealt with the effect of tobacco advertisements on public health. The Petitioner in Writ Petition No. 1825 of 1999 was Prof. Nurul Islam, President of ADHUNIK (Aamra Dhumpan Nibaron Kori). Section 3 of the Tamakjato Shamogri Biponon Niontroner Jonno Pronito Ain, 1988 provided that all tobacco …Read more

Tags: Air pollution, Asthma, Cancer, Children, Health regulation, Lung disease, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Passive smoking, Pediatric health, Pollution, Pulmonary diseases, Respiratory diseases, Second-hand smoke, Smoking, Smoking cessation, Tobacco control, Tobacco regulation
Download Judgment: English