206 judgments found.

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT9/02) [2002] ZACC 16; 2002 (5) SA 703; 2002 (10) BCLR 1075 (5 July 2002)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Constitutional Court was asked to determine whether the appellant (Government) was required to give effect, pending an appeal, to an order of the High Court which directed it to make the drug nevirapine available to mothers and their newborn babies in public health facilities under certain circumstances and conditions. The order concerned the programme …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Naushad Ali v. State

Country: Fiji
Year: 2002
Court: High Court
Citation: Criminal Appeal No. HAA 0083 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Mental health, Prisons, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

N, a cane cutter, was arrested on charges of having unlawful sexual intercourse with his six year old daughter contrary to s 175 of the Penal Code. Within two hours he was presented before the court and cautioned. The magistrate asked N whether he wished to consult his lawyer, but he declined. At trial he …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Examination, Humiliating treatment, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Mental competence, Minor, Pediatric health, Psychiatry, Psychology, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault
Download Judgment: English

P, C, & S v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2002
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 56547/00
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

P was a U.S. citizen and C was her British husband. Their daughter, S, was born in 1998 in the UK. In 1985, P had given birth to a son B in the US. In 1994, the California authorities took B into protective custody, alleging that P was harming B by administering laxatives to him …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Infant health, Mental competence, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Psychiatry
Download Judgment: English

Paulini, Héctor Daniel et al. v. Provincia de Buenos Aires et. al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: P. 952. XXXVIII.
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

The plaintiffs filed a guarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the Health Insurance of the Province of Buenos Aires (IOMA), and subsequently, the Province of Buenos Aires and the National State to provide health coverage for their underage son who was disabled. The plaintiffs argued that as the health insurance company …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, Children, Disabilities, Disabled, Health insurance, Right to Health, Right to Life, Social security
Download Judgment: Spanish

Ramos, Marta Roxana, et al. v. Province of Buenos Aires, et al.

Country: Argentina
Year: 2002
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación [CSJN] [National Supreme Court of Justice], 12/3/2002, "Ramos, Marta Roxana y otros c/ Buenos Aires, Provincia de y Otros s/Amparo," (R. 1012. XXXVI) (Arg.).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to development, Right to education, Right to food, Right to health, Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

Woman living in extreme poverty brought an action against the Ministry of Social Development and Environment of the Nation, the Province of Buenos Aires, and Hospital of Pediatrics Profesor Juan P. Garrahan on behalf of her eight children and herself, seeking, among others, the protection of their rights to food, health, education, and housing; the …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Clinics, Emergency care, Health funding, Health insurance, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Yakye Axa Indigenous Community of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Paraguay

Country: Paraguay
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Yakye Axa Indigenous Cmty. of the Enxet-Lengua People v. Para., Case 12.313, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 2/02, OEA/Ser.L./V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2003).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to property
Facts:

This case was heard by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Their opinion is available here. Leaders of the Yakye Axa indigenous community of the Enxet-Lengua people filed suit against the Republic of Paraguay claiming that the Paraguayan State violated Articles 4 (right to life) and 25 (judicial protection), in conjunction with Article 1(1) (obligation …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Aged persons, Child development, Children, Clean water, Diet, Drinking water, Elderly, Food shortages, Hunger, Indigenous groups, Indigenous medicine, Indigent, Low income, Malnutrition, Minor, Older persons, Pediatric health, Poor, Potable water, Primary care, Safe drinking water, Senior citizens, Starvation, Stunting, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Case 00-14564

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Cour de cassation [Court of Cassation]
Citation: Cass. civ I, n°00-14564, 9 October 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to health
Facts:

A doctor, Y, was treating Mrs. X during her pregnancy. Y suspected a breech presentation (buttocks- or feet-first presentation rather than the normal head-first presentation) during the 8th month of pregnancy. The mother wanted a home birth. On 12 January, the child was born in a home birth and as a result of inadequate medical …Read more

Tags: Awareness, Caesarean, Child development, Children, Disabled, Emergency care, Handicapped, Health care technology, Inadequate treatment, Inappropriate treatment, Informed choice, Minor, Non-evidence based treatment, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Standard of care
Download Judgment: French

Case 2001-446 DC

Country: France
Year: 2001
Court: Conseil constitutionnel [Constitutional Council]
Citation: C. C., n°2001-446 DC, 27 June 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Hospitals, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Before the promulgation of the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy Act, 78 senators made a referral to the French constitutional court challenging the constitutionality of the new bill according to article 61 of the French Constitution. The Act had three components. It extended to 12 weeks the period of time a woman could have an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Children, Counseling, Criminalization, Forced abortion, Freedom of information, Health facilities, Infant mortality, Informed choice, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English French

Doe v. County of Centre

Country: United States
Year: 2001
Court: 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal
Citation: 242 F.3d 437 (2001)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to life
Facts:

Appellants, the Does, an interracial couple with an HIV-positive foster son (Adam), approached the Respondents, Centre County (the County), seeking to adopt another child through the County’s foster care program. The County had a statutory duty to investigate foster parent applications in order to preserve the physical and emotional health of foster children. The Does …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Child development, Children, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Physically challenged, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English