206 judgments found.

Advocate Prakash Mani Sharma v. Government of Nepal and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No.064 WO 0230
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Under Article 20(2) of the Interim Constitution 2063 in Nepal, every woman in Nepal had the fundamental right to reproductive health. However, there were no effective health services addressing the issue of uterine prolapse, a serious ailment affecting nearly 600,000 women in Nepal. The Petitioners, among others, Pro-Public, an organization working in the area of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Diet, Family planning, Food, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Miscarriage, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Termination of pregnancy, Underprivileged, Unsafe abortion
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In re C (a child)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1999
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1999] EWCA Civ 3007
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

C’s mother was HIV infected. C, who was born in April 1999 was breastfed by her mother despite concern that this increased C’s potential to become infected by HIV if she was not already HIV positive. The local authority sought a direction for a blood test to be carried out to test C’s HIV status …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Breast feeding, Child development, Children, Compulsory testing, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Involuntary testing, Mandatory testing, Minor, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Non-evidence based treatment, Parental consent, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

International Commission of Jurists v. Portugal

Country: Portugal
Year: 1999
Court: European Committee of Social Rights
Citation: Complaint No. 1/1998
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Occupational health
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to favorable working conditions
Facts:

The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) alleged that a large number of children work illegally in many economic sectors in Portugal. It further stated that the poor working conditions these children are subjected to have a serious impact on their health. The ICJ produced several documents and relied particularly on a report which stated that …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child mortality, Children, Informal economy, Job safety, Minor, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Safe working conditions
Download Judgment: English

Naxakis v. Western General Hospital

Country: Australia
Year: 1999
Court: High Court
Citation: (1999) 197 CLR 269; (1999) 162 ALR 540; (1999) 73 ALJR 782; (1999) 9 Leg Rep 2; [1999] HCA 22
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

In July 1980 the appellant, who was 12 years old at the time, was struck on the head by the bag of a schoolmate and collapsed. The appellant was seen by a general practitioner who referred him to Western General Hospital, the first respondent, where he was placed under the care of Mr. Jensen, the …Read more

Tags: Assault, Children, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Examination, Health care professionals, Health care technology, Health care workers, Inadequate treatment, Minor, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Pediatric health, Standard of care
Download Judgment: English

R v. Mills

Country: Canada
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1999] 3 R.C.S. 668
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

M was charged with sexual offenses. Following an adjournment of M’s trial his counsel sought full disclosure of all therapeutic records and notes relating to the complainant in possession of a counseling organization. An order for partial disclosure was made and M sought further disclosure of psychiatric records. However, in the interim Bill C-46 had …Read more

Tags: Children, Counseling, Disclosure, Health records, Medical records, Non-disclosure, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Violence against women
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Villagrán-Morales, et al. (“Street Children”) v. Guatemala

Country: Guatemala
Year: 1999
Court: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Citation: Merits, Judgment, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999); Inter Joint Concurring Opinion of Judges A.A. Cancado Trinidade & A. Abreu-Burelli, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (ser. C) No. 63 (Nov. 19, 1999).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Poverty, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Five youths, three of whom were minors, were “street children” abducted, tortured, and killed by State security agents.  The children lived in a sector of the city where violence and crime rate were high and where State officials commit illegal acts against “street children,” including “threats, arrests, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and homicides as …Read more

Tags: Assault, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Execution, Forced disappearance, Health records, Indigent, Inhuman treatment, Law enforcement, Low income, Medical records, Minor, Police, Poor, Torture, Underprivileged
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Aydin v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 1998
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 23178/94, 25 Eur. H.R. Rep. 251 (1998).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant was a 17-year old Turkish national of Kurdish origin girl who lived with her parents in a village in south-east Turkey. Since 1985 serious disturbances had raged in this part of the country between the security forces and the members of a Kurdish separatist party. Turkey claimed that these had resulted in the deaths …Read more

Tags: Armed conflict, Children, Compensation, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Humiliating treatment, Military, Minor, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Terrorism, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Case SU-225/98

Country: Colombia
Year: 1998
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health systems and financing, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life, Right to social security
Facts:

Through a representative, 418 parents, inhabitants of the sector of Puenta Aranda in Bogota, filed a tutela against the national and district health authorities alleging that the authorities’ failure to provide a free vaccination program against meningitis violated the duty to protect the health of their children. The Plaintiffs were poor, worked in the informal …Read more

Tags: Access to medicines, Child development, Children, Cleanliness, Health funding, Health spending, Immunization, Indigent, Infant health, Infant mortality, Informal economy, Low income, Meningitis, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Poor, Social security, Subsidies, Underprivileged, Vaccination, Vaccines
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Liaquat and another v. Pakistan

Country: Pakistan
Year: 1998
Court: Federal Shariat Court
Citation: 1999 P Cr. L J 1004
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person
Facts:

The appellant was an incarcerated woman who was pregnant and gave birth to a baby girl while in jail. She had earlier appealed her incarceration, but the appeal was dismissed with a provision to bring the application before the court again if there were any new developments regarding the viability of the foetus. The appellant …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Infant health, Minor, Pediatric health, Prison conditions
Download Judgment: English

Policlínica Privada de Medicina y Cirugía S.A. v. Municipalidad de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires

Country: Argentina
Year: 1998
Court: Supreme Court of Justice [Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina]
Citation: P. 169.XXXIII
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

Policlínica Privada de Medicina y Cirugía S.A. (Policlínica) brought aguarantee of protection of individual constitutional rights (amparo protection) against the resolution of the Health Secretary of the then Municipality of the City of Buenos Aires. Policlínica had sought to transfer a minor, who was receiving intensive care treatment in the Petitioner’s premises, to a public hospital. The minor …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Children, Clinics, Emergency care, Health funding, Health insurance, Minor, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Pediatric health, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Reimbursement, Social security, Subsidies
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