206 judgments found.

R v. Cambridge Health Authority, ex parte Beckwith

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1995
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1995] 2 All ER 129 (CA); [1995] EWCA Civ 49
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Informed consent, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The child “B” had a long history of unsuccessful treatments fo her cancer. In January 1995,  B suffered a further relapse of acute myeloid leukaemia. Both the doctor who oversaw B’s treatment since the initial diagnosis and the doctor who performed a prior bone marrow transplant agreed that the child had approximately six to eight …Read more

Tags: Access to treatment, Budget, Cancer, Children, Experimental treatment, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health funding, Health insurance, Health spending, Leukemia, Minor, Noncommunicable diseases, Patient choice, Pediatric health, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Second-line treatment, Subsidies, Tertiary care
Download Judgment: English

Case T-411-1994

Country: Colombia
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court [Corte Constitucional]
Citation: No. T-411-1994
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A 10-month-old baby girl was diagnosed with lobar pneumonia, malnourishment, and dehydration. A doctor advised her parents to seek immediate medical attention considering her critical health state was putting her life at risk. The parents were evangelical Christians whose sect did not allow them to take the baby to the hospital for treatment. The Caldono …Read more

Tags: Child mortality, Children, Dehydration, Hunger, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Minor, Pediatric health, Starvation
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Drbal v. Czech Republic

Country: Czech Republic
Year: 1994
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No 498/1992
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Violence
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life
Facts:

Drbal (D) had not complied with a court order giving custody of his daughter to her mother because, in his view, she was mentally ill and aggressive. An attempt to take away the child by force had also failed. He complained about the bias of the court’s chairman and the disregard of the medical evidence …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Domestic abuse, Mental disorder, Minor
Download Judgment: English

Dr. K.C. Malhotra v. State of Madhya Pradesh and Ors

Country: India
Year: 1993
Court: High Court - Madhya Pradesh
Citation: AIR 1994 MP 48
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Right to a clean environment, Right to health, Right to life, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

Petitioner, a medical practitioner, filed a petition requesting that the court direct the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Municipal Corporation, Gwalior to clean up the open drains, dirt, and contaminated water and rubbish which the petitioner claimed resulted in the spread of a cholera epidemic. The Municipal Corporation claimed that it performed it obligatory …Read more

Tags: Children, Cholera, Drinking water, Minor, Pediatric health, Pollution, Sewage, Trash, Waste management, Water-borne disease
Download Judgment: English

Attorney General v. X

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1992] 1 IR 1 (5th March, 1992)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom of movement and residence, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The first defendant was a fourteen and a half year old girl who became pregnant after being raped by a family friend. Her parents (second and third defendants) reported the rape to the police and inquired whether there was a process available to test the paternity of the fetus before the defendants aborted the pregnancy …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Depression, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Molestation, Pediatric health, Pregnancy, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Suicide, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Department of Health & Community Services v JWB & SMB (“Marion’s Case”)

Country: Australia
Year: 1992
Court: High Court
Citation: (1992) 175 CLR 218; [1992] HCA 15
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

“Marion” was a fourteen year old girl with an “intellectual disability”, severe deafness, epilepsy, an ataxic gait and “behavioural problems”. She could not care for herself. Her parents proposed that Marion undertake a hysterectomy and an ovarienectomy (the Procedures). The hysterectomy was proposed to prevent natural pregnancy and menstruation and the psychological and behavioural consequences …Read more

Tags: Children, Contraception, Contraceptives, Deaf, Disabled, Forced sterilization, Forced treatment, Handicapped, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental institution, Mental retardation, Minor, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Physically challenged, Pregnancy, Psychiatry, Psychology, Sterilization
Download Judgment: English

Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls

Country: United States
Year: 1991
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 499 U.S. 187 (1991)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Occupational health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination
Facts:

The Appellants, a class of current and future employees of the Respondent’s battery manufacturing company, Johnson Controls, brought suit claiming that the company’s policy of barring fertile women from employment for reasons based on occupational safety, constituted sex discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (the Act). The primary …Read more

Tags: Children, Employment, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Minor, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pregnancy, Safe working conditions
Download Judgment: English

Case 64/1991 (XII. 17) AB

Country: Hungary
Year: 1991
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

Two groups of petitioners, one pro-life and the other pro-choice, challenged provisions regulating abortion in Article 29(4) of the Health Act, Decree 76/1988. (XI.3.) MT, and its implementing Decree 15/1988. (XII. 15) SZEM. Article 29(4) established that abortion would be permitted in circumstances outlined under the regulations. The implementing regulations in Decree 15/1988 provided that …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Children, Conscientious objection, Criminalization, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Margareta and Roger Anderson v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 1991
Court: The European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Case No. 61/1990/252/323
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Hospitals, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Roger Anderson (son of Margareta) was taken into public care on a provisional basis. When he started school, it was found that he lacked social skills and maturity. Margareta rejected suggestions made by the Social welfare authorities. Roger stopped attending school in December 1984. Margareta and Roger moved to an address unknown to the authorities …Read more

Tags: Children, Clinics, Diabetes, Health facilities, Incapacity, Incompetence, Mental competence, Minor
Download Judgment: English

Hodgson v. Minnesota

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 417 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellants brought this case challenging an amendment to the Minors’ Consent to Health Services Act (the Act) on the basis that it violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Subdivision 2 of the Act provided, with certain exceptions, that no abortion shall be performed on a …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English