206 judgments found.

M.C. Mehta v. State of Tamil Nadu, et al.(Sivaski child labor case)

Country: India
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: AIR 1991 SC 417; (1991) 1 Mlj 44 (SC); 1990 (2) SCALE 947); [1991] 3 SCR 312
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Occupational health, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to education, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to work
Facts:

The Petitioner was an individual concerned about the high rate of employment of children in the Match factories of Sivakasi in Kamaraj District of the State of Tamil Nadu. Petitioner contended that such employment was hazardous and unconstitutional. He filed a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution seeking educational, medical and health facilities …Read more

Tags: Child development, Child labor, Children, Minor, Occupational accident, Occupational hazards, Occupational health and safety, Pediatric health, Safe working conditions
Download Judgment: English

Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health

Country: United States
Year: 1990
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 497 U.S. 450 (1990)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Respondents, including a facility that provides abortions, a physician who performs abortions, and a minor woman who sought an abortion, brought suit challenging the constitutional validity of Ohio’s Amended Substitute House Bill 319, which made it a criminal offence, except in four specified circumstances, for a physician or other person to perform an abortion …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Eriksson v. Sweden

Country: Sweden
Year: 1989
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 11373/85, 12 Eur. H.R. Rep. 183 (1990).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Mental health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant and her daughter Lisa are Swedish nationals. Lisa was taken into public care shortly after her birth on the ground that the conditions in their home were unsatisfactory. Later on an appeal the court terminated the public care, but prohibited for an indefinite period the removal of Lisa from the foster home pursuant to …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Minor, Psychiatry, Psychology
Download Judgment: English French

Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

Country: United States
Year: 1989
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 492 U.S. 490 (1989)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Reproductive Health Services (RHS), a non-profit organization, brought this class action suit challenging the constitutionality of a Missouri law (the Act) regulating the performance of abortions. The Act did the following: Set forth, in the preamble, that the “life of each human being begins at conception,” and that “unborn children have protectable interests in life, …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Examination, Family planning, Infant health, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Pregnancy, Private hospitals, Public hospitals, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Country: United States
Year: 1986
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 476 U.S. 747 (1986)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to privacy
Facts:

Respondents, including Pennsylvania physicians, abortion counselors and providers, brought this challenge to provisions of Pennsylvania’s Abortion Control Act 1982 (the Act). The Act imposed the following conditions on the provision of abortion services in Pennsylvania: 1.     The informed consent provision (§ 3205) required women to be informed of: The name of the physician performing the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion technique, Access to treatment, Children, Criminalization, Duty of care, Family planning, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Negligence, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Gillick v. West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority and Anr.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1985
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [1985] 3 All ER 402
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health information, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

The Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) issued a memorandum of guidance to local health authorities that stated that, inter alia, “consultations between doctors and patients are confidential,” even for children less than 16. The memorandum noted that while “it would be most unusual,” a doctor could advise the child regarding contraception without parental …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to treatment, Birth control, Child development, Children, Confidentiality, Contraception, Contraceptives, Criminalization, Health education, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

X & Y v. The Netherlands

Country: Netherlands
Year: 1985
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 8978/80, 8 Eur. H.R. Rep. 235 (1986).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Disabilities, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a father of a mentally handicapped woman, found himself unable to institute criminal proceedings against an individual who had sexually assaulted his daughter due to a gap in the domestic criminal laws of the Netherlands, which required the victim to file the complaint herself. Although the victim was more than sixteen years of …Read more

Tags: Children, Disabled, Handicapped, Incapacity, Incompetence, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental retardation, Minor, Molestation, Pediatric health, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Campbell & Cosans v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1982
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 7511/76, 7743/76, 4 Eur. H.R. Rep. 293 (1982).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to education
Facts:

Applicants, Mrs. Cosans and Mrs. Campbell, were Scottish nationals who complained about the use of corporal punishment in Scottish schools as a disciplinary measure. Mrs. Campell’s request for a guarantee that her son not be subjected to such punishment was refused. Mrs. Cosans’ son was summoned by his Headmaster for corporal punishment upon taking a …Read more

Tags: Child development, Children, Degrading treatment, Humiliating treatment, Minor
Download Judgment: English

H.L. v. Matheson

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 450 U.S. 398 (1981)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Informed consent, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, H.L., brought this class action suit challenging a Utah law which required a physician to notify, if possible, the parents or guardian of a minor upon whom an abortion was to be performed. H.L. represented a class consisting of unmarried minor women who wished to terminate their “unwanted pregnancies” but were unable to …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Criminalization, Family planning, Informed choice, Judicial bypass, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Parental consent, Parental notification, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Simopoulos v. Virginia

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: 462 U.S. 506 (1983)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Appellant, an obstetrician gynaecologist, brought suit challenging the constitutionality of a Virginia statute, which required second-trimester abortions to be performed in a licensed hospital. The Appellant instituted these proceedings after he was indicted for unlawfully performing an abortion during the second trimester of a pregnancy outside of a licensed hospital. The Appellant performed an …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Child development, Children, Clinics, Criminalization, Family planning, Health facilities, Informed choice, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English