91 judgments found.

X, Y and Z v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 21830/93, 24 Eur. H.R. Rep. 143 (1997).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to family life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicants X, Y and Z were all British nationals. X is a transsexual who has undergone gender reassignment surgery to become a man. He has lived with Y, as her male partner, since 1979. The couple applied jointly for, and was granted treatment by AID to allow Y to have a child Z. X was …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Childbirth, Children, Gender identity, Gender identity disorder, Gender reassignment, Homosexual, Hormone therapy, Intersex, LGBTI, Minor, Pregnancy, Queer, Sex reassignment, Sexual orientation, Transgender, Transsexual
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CES and Anr. v. Superclinics and Ors.

Country: Australia
Year: 1995
Court: Supreme Court of New South Wales
Citation: (1995) 38 NSWLR 47; (1995) Aust Torts Reports 81-360
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Hospitals, Medical malpractice, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

CES (‘the first appellant’) sought damages from Superclinics (‘respondent’) for the loss of an opportunity to terminate her pregnancy. The first appellant, a 21-year-old woman, visited a doctor at Superclinics after she missed her period. She stated that if she were found to be pregnant, she would like the pregnancy terminated. The doctor did not …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Childbirth, Compensation, Counseling, Criminalization, Damages, Depression, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Examination, Family planning, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Late-term abortion, Maternal health, Misdiagnosis, Negligence, Pregnancy, Remedies, Termination of pregnancy, Testing, Therapeutic abortion, Tort
Download Judgment: English

STC 215/1994

Country: Spain
Year: 1994
Court: Constitutional Court
Health Topics: Infectious diseases, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to life
Facts:

The parents of a mentally-disabled woman requested that the court authorize the sterilization of their daughter.  According to the Article 428 of the Criminal Code made in accordance with Article 6 LO 3/89 of 21 June (the “challenged provision”), sterilization of a disabled person who suffered from serious psychological deficiency would not be unlawful if the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Birth control, Childbirth, Compulsory sterilization, Degrading treatment, Forced abortion, Forced sterilization, Humiliating treatment, Incapacity, Incompetence, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary sterilization, Mandatory sterilization, Mental competence, Mental disability, Mental disorder, Mental illness, Mental retardation, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, Sterilization, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Open Door and Dublin Well Women v. Ireland

Country: Ireland
Year: 1992
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 14234/88 and 14235/88; (1993) 15 EHRR 244; [1992] ECHR 68; (1992) 246 Eur. Ct. H.R. (ser A)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health information, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of expression, Right of access to information, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The Applicants were two Irish companies that provided counseling to pregnant women, Open Door Counselling Ltd. and Dublin Well Woman Centre Ltd.; two counselors who worked for Dublin Well Woman, Bonnie Maher and Ann Downes; and two women of childbearing age, Mrs. X and Mrs. Geraghty. The Society for the Protection of Unborn Children brought …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Abortion counseling, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Advertising, Awareness, Childbirth, Criminalization, Family planning, Freedom of information, Health promotion, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Notification, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion, Unsafe abortion
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Brooks v. Canada Safeway Ltd.

Country: Canada
Year: 1989
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [1989] 1 S.C.R. 1219
Health Topics: Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to social security
Facts:

Canada Safeway Ltd. maintained a group insurance plan that included weekly benefits for loss of pay due to accident or illness. The plan excluded pregnant women from coverage during a seventeen week period before, during, and after pregnancy. During that period, the plan excluded pregnant women suffering from both pregnancy and non-pregnancy-related afflictions. For part …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Employment, Health insurance, Maternal health, Pregnancy, Social security
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Chief Bernard Ominayak, et al. v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1984
Court: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Citation: Communication No. 167/1984: U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/38/D/167/1984 (1990)
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Diet and nutrition, Environmental health, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Freedom of religion, Right to a clean environment, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Chief Bernard Ominayak (the “author”) was the leader and representative of the Lubicon Lake Band (the “Band”), a Cree Indian Band living in the Province of Alberta in Canada. He argued that the State party expropriated Lubicon land for commercial interest despite its recognition that the Band members had the right to continue their traditional …Read more

Tags: Alcohol, Childbirth, Clean water, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diet, Environmental degradation, Food, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Malnutrition, Miscarriage, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis, Waste, Waste management
Download Judgment: English

Tellier-Cohen v. Canada

Country: Canada
Year: 1982
Court: Human Rights Review Tribunal
Citation: 1982 7 (CHRT)
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to favorable working conditions, Right to health
Facts:

Tellier-Cohen was employed by the Government of Canada and was not permitted to use her sick leave or annual leave for her absence from work due to her pregnancy and childbirth. She filed a complaint in the Human Rights Tribunal challenging the action of the government on the basis of sex discrimination under sections 7(b) …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Employment, Maternal health, Pregnancy
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White and Potter (Baby Boy) v. United States

Country: United States
Year: 1981
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Resolution 23/81, Case 2141, March 6, 1981; OEA/Ser.L/V/II.54, Doc. 9 rev. 1, 16 October 1981
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

The President of the Catholics for Christian Political Action and another filed a claim against the United States and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts claiming they failed to fulfill their obligations under the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (the Declaration) and American Convention on Human Rights (the Convention) (the United States has …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Criminalization, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
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Paton v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1980
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 8416/78, 3 Eur. H.R. Rep. 408 (1980)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom of religion, Right to bodily integrity, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant claimed that English law violated provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights (Convention), after he found out that his wife was pregnant and planned to have a legal abortion without his consent. Specifically, the applicant claimed that England and Wales violated the right to life and the right to liberty and security …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Family planning, Pregnancy, Spousal consent, Spousal notification, Termination of pregnancy, Therapeutic abortion
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Brüggemann and Scheuten v. Germany

Country: Germany
Year: 1977
Court: European Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Brüggemann v. F.R.G., App. No . 6959/75, 3 Eur. H.R. Rep. 244 (1977).
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of association, Freedom of religion, Right to family life, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

In 1975, the Constitutional Court of Germany struck down a law that decriminalized abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. The applicants claimed that the resulting amendment to the German criminal code, which criminalized abortion (except under certain circumstances) in the first trimester of pregnancy violated Article 8 (right to a private life) of the European Convention on …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Contraception, Contraceptives, Criminalization, Family planning, Pregnancy, Termination of pregnancy
Download Judgment: English