93 judgments found.

Carabantes Galleguillos, Mónica v. Chile

Country: Chile
Year: 2002
Court: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Citation: Carabantes Galleguillos v. Chile, Case 12.046, Inter-Am. Comm’n H.R., Report No. 33/02, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.117, doc. 1 rev. 1 (2002).
Health Topics: Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to privacy
Facts:

Applicant, a student in her fifth year of basic education at a subsidized private school in the city of Coquimbo, Chile was expelled during an examination for having appeared seven months pregnant and was informed that her enrollment could not be renewed for the following school year. Her family had filed a complaint with the …Read more

Tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy
Download Judgment: English

Joyce Nakacwa v. Attorney General, et al.

Country: Uganda
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2002] UGCC 1; Constitutional Petition No. 2 of 2001
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Hospitals, Informed consent, Prisons, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to water and sanitation
Facts:

On June 21, 2001, the petitioner delivered a baby by the roadside and visited the second respondent’s Naguru Maternity Home/Clinic with the baby still attached to her. She received no medical care and was referred to another hospital. The petitioner was unable to walk the distance and was forced to sit outside with her newborn …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Clinics, Compulsory examination, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Emergency care, Forced examination, Health facilities, Humiliating treatment, Infant mortality, Inhuman treatment, Involuntary examination, Jail, Law enforcement, Mandatory examination, Maternal health, Mob, Police, Pregnancy, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: (CCT9/02) [2002] ZACC 16; 2002 (5) SA 703; 2002 (10) BCLR 1075 (5 July 2002)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The Constitutional Court was asked to determine whether the appellant (Government) was required to give effect, pending an appeal, to an order of the High Court which directed it to make the drug nevirapine available to mothers and their newborn babies in public health facilities under certain circumstances and conditions. The order concerned the programme …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Minister of Health v. Treatment Action Campaign (No. 2)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2002
Court: Constitutional Court
Citation: [2002] ZACC 15; 2002 (5) SA 721; 2002 (10) BCLR 1033
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

The government of South Africa developed a national public health program to address mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The purpose of the program was to offer HIV-positive pregnant women nevirapine, a drug that prevents the transmission of HIV at birth, free of charge. The program was, however, limited in scope. It only offered nevirapine at certain …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Infant health, Infant mortality, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Case SU-1167/01

Country: Colombia
Year: 2001
Court: Constitutional Court
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to social security
Facts:

Doris Fabiola Reinoso Barroso was the daughter of Esteban Reinoso (the Plaintiff) a Colombian Petroleum Company (the Respondent) pensioner, who enjoyed medical assistance services covered by the Respondent. Although she was an adult, Ms. Barroso was listed as a beneficiary of the Plaintiff on these medical assistance services, as her paranoid schizophrenia meant that she …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Childbirth, Health insurance, Incapacity, Incompetence, Maternal health, Mental competence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, Paranoia, Pregnancy, Schizophrenia, Social security
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Advocate Prakash Mani Sharma v. Government of Nepal and Others

Country: Nepal
Year: 1999
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No.064 WO 0230
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Diet and nutrition, Health care and health services, Health information, Health systems and financing, Hospitals, Poverty, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

Under Article 20(2) of the Interim Constitution 2063 in Nepal, every woman in Nepal had the fundamental right to reproductive health. However, there were no effective health services addressing the issue of uterine prolapse, a serious ailment affecting nearly 600,000 women in Nepal. The Petitioners, among others, Pro-Public, an organization working in the area of …Read more

Tags: Abortion, Access to health care, Access to treatment, Awareness, Budget, Child development, Child mortality, Childbirth, Children, Diet, Family planning, Food, Health care workers, Health education, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health promotion, Health spending, Infant health, Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Miscarriage, Pediatric health, Poor, Pregnancy, Primary care, Termination of pregnancy, Underprivileged, Unsafe abortion
Download Judgment: English

R (on application of S) v. Louize Collins and Ors.

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1998] EWCH Admin 490
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to family life
Facts:

A 36 weeks-pregnant woman, referred to as “MS”, sought care as a new patient at a local National Health Service (NHS) practice on 25th April 1996. She previously had not sought any ante-natal care. She was quickly diagnosed with pre-eclampsia, a condition threatening the life and health of both her and her baby. She rejected …Read more

Tags: Caesarean, Childbirth, Compulsory treatment, Depression, Diagnostics, Eclampsia, Emergency care, Examination, Forced treatment, Incapacity, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Public hospitals, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Re Evelyn

Country: Australia
Year: 1998
Court: Family Court
Citation: (1998) 145 FLR 90; (1998) 23 Fam LR 53; (1998) FLC 92-807; [1998] FamCA 55
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to family life
Facts:

“Evelyn” was born to Mrs. S as a result of a surrogacy arrangement with Mr. and Mrs. Q. Mr. and Mrs. Q and Mr. and Mrs. S had been close friends for some years and had shared several joint holidays. Mrs. Q had discussed her infertility with Mrs. S and after much deliberation, Mrs. S …Read more

Tags: Assisted reproductive technology, Child development, Childbirth, Children, Family planning, Fertility, In utero fertilization, Infertility, Minor, Psychology
Download Judgment: English

St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust v. S

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1998
Court: Court of Appeal
Citation: [1998] 3 All ER 673, (1998) 2 CHRLD 323
Health Topics: Hospitals, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity
Facts:

S, who was 36 weeks pregnant, was diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia, a life-threatening condition of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, and with moderate depression. She was advised that her health and her life, and that of her baby, were in real danger and that she needed to be admitted immediately to hospital for an induced …Read more

Tags: Caesarian, Childbirth, Compulsory treatment, Depression, Eclampsia, Forced treatment, Health facilities, Involuntary examination, Involuntary treatment, Mandatory commitment, Maternal health, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

In re MB (medical treatment)

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 1997
Court: Court of Appeal, Civil Division
Citation: [1997] EWCA Civ 3093
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Informed consent, Mental health, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

A health authority applied for a High Court declaration that it would be lawful to undertake an emergency caesarean operation on MB whose foetus was found to be in the breech position after MB agreed to have the operation theoretically but refused in practice due to her fear of needles. The declaration was granted, and …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Caesarean, Childbirth, Emergency care, Incompetence, Informed choice, Involuntary treatment, Maternal health, Mental competence, Non-consensual testing and treatment, Patient choice, Pregnancy, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English