134 judgments found.

Petition No. 409 of 2009

Country: Kenya
Year: 2012
Court: High Court of Kenya
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

Petitioners were indigent Kenyan citizens that were infected with HIV/AIDS. Petitioners depended on antiretroviral drugs for treatment of their condition; and, because of their poverty, relied on a program administered by the Kenyan government and an NGO for the provision of these drugs at little or no cost. This program could afford to operate as …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, AIDS, Generic drugs, Health spending, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS
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Canada (Attorney General) v. PHS Community Services

Country: Canada
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: [2011] 3 S.C.R. 134; [2011] S.C.C. 44
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Insite was a medical facility that supervised intravenous drug use. It was established in response to escalating intravenous drug use and a rise in HIV/AIDS and hepatitis C infections among the population of the downtown eastside (DTES) area of Vancouver. In 2003, pursuant to section 56 of the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which …Read more

Tags: Access to health care, Access to treatment, Addiction, AIDS, Clinics, Criminalization, Drug abuse, Drug use, Health facilities, Hepatitis, Heroin, HIV, IDUs, Injecting drug users, Most-at-risk, Opioids, People who use drugs, Rehabilitation, Substance abuse, Transmission
Download Judgment: English French

Case No. STS 3527/11

Country: Spain
Year: 2011
Court: Supreme Court
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Sexual and reproductive health
Facts:

Appellee was diagnosed with HIV in 1994. In 1996, he began a relationship with appellant, during which time he used condoms but did not inform appellant of his HIV-positive status. The condom broke on several occasions, and ultimately appellant became pregnant and HIV-positive, and when she gave birth to their daughter, the daughter also was …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Childbirth, Children, Condoms, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Transmission
Download Judgment: English

Kiyutin v. Russia

Country: Russia
Year: 2011
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 2700/10, (2011) 53 EHRR 26; [2011] ECHR 439
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom of movement and residence, Right to family life, Right to housing
Facts:

K was born in the Uzbek SSR of the Soviet Union and acquired Uzbekistan citizenship following the collapse of the USSR. In October 2002, K’s brother purchased a house in the Oryol Region of Russia. In 2003, K, his half brother and their mother moved into this house. In July 2003, K married a Russian …Read more

Tags: AIDS, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Most-at-risk, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs

Case 108-2010-R

Country: Bolivia
Year: 2010
Court: Tribunal Constitucional de Bolivia [Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia]
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

A constitutional amparo (writ of injunctive relief) petition was brought the petitioner on behalf of his minor daughter against the Department Director of the Sexually Transmitted Infections/A.I.D.S. (“STI/AIDS”) Program, alleging violations of his daughter’s rights to life, to health, to “legal certainty,” and to petition, as guaranteed by the Bolivian Constitution. The petitioner’s daughter lived …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Children, Essential medicines, Health expenditures, Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English Spanish

Case AI 780709/RS

Country: Brazil
Year: 2010
Court: Federal Supreme Court
Citation: AI 780709/RS, Supremo Tribunal Federal [Federal Supreme Court] (2010).
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to health, Right to life
Facts:

The Court of Justice held the State of Rio Grande do Sul responsible for providing medicines free of charge to an individual living with HIV who was unable to afford them. The court based its decision on the rights to life and health. Considering these medications necessary for the survival of the individual, the court blocked …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Essential medicines, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV
Download Judgment: Portuguese

Eneh v. Holder

Country: United States
Year: 2010
Court: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Citation: 601 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2010)
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Controlled substances, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
Facts:

The Petitioner, Lawrence Amaechi Eneh, was a native and citizen of Nigeria. He had contracted HIV while working in a nursing home in the United States. He was living with HIV-related illness, Capsis Sarcoma and Valley Fever, a disease of the lungs, at the time of the proceedings. The Petitioner was convicted for the sale …Read more

Tags: Abuse, Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Budget, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Custody, Degrading treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, HIV, HIV positive, Immigration, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Lung disease, Marijuana, Migrants, Noncommunicable diseases, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Prison conditions, Torture
Download Judgment: English

Kingaipe and Chookole v. Attorney General

Country: Zambia
Year: 2010
Court: High Court at Livingstone
Citation: 2009/HL/86
Health Topics: Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Informed consent
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to social security, Right to work
Facts:

Petitioners Stanley Kingaipe and Charles Chookole sued the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) alleging violations of their constitutional rights to liberty, privacy, life, protection from inhuman and degrading treatment, and protection from discrimination. They also alleged violations of their rights to adequate medical and health facilities and adequate educational opportunities contained in the Directive Principles of …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Involuntary testing, Involuntary treatment, Most-at-risk, Non-consensual testing and treatment, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Unauthorized treatment
Download Judgment: English

Law and Advocacy for Women in Uganda v. Attorney General

Country: Uganda
Year: 2010
Court: Constitutional Court at Kampala
Citation: [2010] UGCC 4; Constitutional Petition No. 8 of 2007
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Rights to the benefits of culture
Facts:

Petitioner NGO brought a petition requesting that the Court declare that the act of female genital mutilation (FGM) was in violation of various articles of the Uganda Constitution.  The Petitioner argued that FGM was practiced extensively by the certain Ugandan tribes, and that FGM was crudely carried out, involved excruciating pain, could lead to death, …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Degrading treatment, Female genital mutilation, Hepatitis, HIV, Humiliating treatment, Indigenous groups, Inhuman treatment, Maternal health, Maternal mortality, Torture, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Oyal v. Turkey

Country: Turkey
Year: 2010
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 4864/05, Eur. Ct. H.R. (unpublished) (2010).
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Hospitals, Infectious diseases, Medical malpractice, Poverty
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

The primary applicant, the child of the second two applicants, was born prematurely and diagnosed with an “inguinal and umbilical hernia.” The child required a number of blood and plasma transfusions during the first two months of life, and the applicant parents purchased the required blood and plasma quantities from the Turkish Red Cross. Four …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Children, Compensation, Damages, Diagnostics, Duty of care, Health care professionals, Health care workers, Health expenditures, Health facilities, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Indigent, Low income, Minor, Most-at-risk, Negligence, Out-of-pocket expenditures, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Poor, Remedies, Standard of care, Subsidies, Testing, Tort, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English