134 judgments found.

N. v. United Kingdom

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2008
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: Application No. 26565/05; [2008] ECHR 453
Health Topics: Chronic and noncommunicable diseases, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to health, Right to privacy
Facts:

The applicant, a Ugandan national, was HIV positive and claimed that if the United Kingdom forced her to return to Uganda then she would not have sufficient access to medical treatment for her condition. She claimed that this result would violate her rights under Articles 3 (prohibiting torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment) …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Asylum, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Essential medicines, HIV, HIV positive, Immigration, Inhuman treatment, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Refugees

R (on the application of M) v. Slough Borough Council

Country: United Kingdom
Year: 2008
Court: House of Lords
Citation: [2008] UKHL 52
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines
Human Rights: Right to housing, Right to social security
Facts:

M was Zimbabwean citizen diagnosed as HIV positive, who was living in the United Kingdom while his appeal of a decision to return him to Zimbabwe was ongoing. Because of his illness, he applied to the local health authority to assess his needs for accommodation. The authority declined to provide accommodation to M. It determined …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, First-line treatment, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Immigration, Migrants, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, Social security, STDs, STIs, Subsidies
Download Judgment: English

Treatment Action Campaign, et al. v. Rath, et al.

Country: South Africa
Year: 2008
Court: High Court (Cape of Good Hope Provincial Division)
Citation: [2008] ZAWCHC 34; [2008] 4 All SA 360 (C)
Health Topics: HIV/AIDS, Medicines
Facts:

The applicants, T and S, applied for relief against the 12 respondents in relation to certain vitamin-based pharmaceutical products (“Products”) which T and S alleged were being unlawfully distributed and marketed in South Africa as a treatment for AIDS while the distributors discredited legitimate antiretroviral medicines. T and S produced expert testimony that antiretroviral medicines …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Alternative medicines, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Clinical trials, Drug quality, Drug safety, HIV, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, PLHIV, Spurious medicines
Download Judgment: English

Advocate Sapana Pradhan Malla v. Prime Minister

Country: Nepal
Year: 2007
Court: Supreme Court
Citation: Writ No. 3561 of the year 2063 B. S (2006)
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from discrimination, Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right of access to information, Right to due process/fair trial, Right to education, Right to health, Right to life, Right to privacy, Right to property, Right to work
Facts:

The Forum for Women, Law and Development, the Petitioner, was an organization working with vulnerable communities such as women, children and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVA). Although the right to privacy was guaranteed under Article 28 of the Interim Constitution, 2007, there were no legal provisions safeguarding the privacy of women, children, or PLHIVA (the …Read more

Tags: Abortion, AIDS, Children, Domestic abuse, Domestic violence, HIV positive, HIV status, Minor, Pediatric health, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Pregnancy, Sexual assault, Sexual harassment, Sexual violence, Termination of pregnancy, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English

Kutaisi Regional Blood Bank v. Lamira Chaladze

Country: Georgia
Year: 2007
Court: Cassation Court
Citation: Case No. as-296-624-07
Health Topics: Health information, HIV/AIDS, Informed consent, Medical malpractice, Sexual and reproductive health
Human Rights: Right of access to information, Right to life
Facts:

While giving birth to her second son, the Respondent lost a large amount of blood and needed a blood transfusion. Her relatives bought erythrocyte mass and karyoplasms from the Kutaisi Regional Blood Bank.  After the transfusion, the Respondent and her son became sick and doctors ultimately concluded that the Respondent and her son was HIV …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Blood transfusion, Breast feeding, Childbirth, Compensation, Damages, Disclosure, Duty of care, Health care technology, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Infant health, Informed choice, Maternal health, Notification, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Standard of care, Transmission
Download Judgment: English Georgian

EN and Others v. Government of RSA and Others (No. 1)

Country: South Africa
Year: 2006
Court: High Court - Durban and Coast Local Division
Citation: 2006 (6) SA 543 (D); 2007 (1) BCLR 84 (D)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Poverty, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to health
Facts:

An urgent application was filed on behalf of fifteen prisoners living with HIV/AIDS who required antiretroviral (ARV) treatment while incarcerated at the Westville Correctional Centre (WCC) in KwaZulu-Natal province. The Applicants were acting in their individual capacities and as representatives of the class of prisoners incarcerated at WCC. The sixteenth applicant was the Treatment Action …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Custody, Detention, Essential medicines, First-line treatment, Health expenditures, Health funding, Health spending, HIV, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inmate, Jail, People living with HIV/AIDS, Pharmaceuticals, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

EN and Others v. Government of the RSA and Others

Country: South Africa
Year: 2006
Court: High Court - Durban and Coast Local Division
Citation: 2006 (6) SA 575 (D); 2007 (1) BCLR 84 (SAHC Durban 2006)
Health Topics: Health care and health services, Health systems and financing, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Prisons
Human Rights: Right to due process/fair trial, Right to life
Facts:

This is an application for leave to appeal an interim implementation order. In the main application fifteen prisoners were successful in compelling the State to provide them, and other similarly situated prisoners living with HIV/AIDS, with antiretroviral (ARV) treatment while they were incarcerated at the Westville Correctional Centre (WCC) in KwaZulu-Natal province. The Respondents filed …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Antiretrovirals, ARVs, Budget, Detention, First-line treatment, HIV positive, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Second-line treatment, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs
Download Judgment: English

Melnik v. Ukraine

Country: Ukraine
Year: 2006
Court: European Court of Human Rights
Citation: App. No. 72286/01, Eur. Ct. H.R. (2006).
Health Topics: Controlled substances, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Medicines, Mental health, Prisons, Water, sanitation and hygiene
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to due process/fair trial
Facts:

The applicant, a private citizen of Ukraine, was convicted in the Vinnytsia District Court for the unlawful possession of a quantity of opium with the premeditated intent to sell along with a group of persons. The District Court sentenced the applicant to five years imprisonment. During the trial, the applicant had refused the representation of …Read more

Tags: Access to drugs, Access to health care, Access to medicines, Access to treatment, AIDS, Cleanliness, Custody, Degrading treatment, Detainee, Detention, Diagnostics, Drug abuse, Drug use, HIV, HIV positive, HIV status, Humiliating treatment, Imprisonment, Incarceration, Inhuman treatment, Inmate, Opioids, Opium, People who use drugs, Prison conditions, Substance abuse, TB, Tuberculosis
Download Judgment: English

Pramod Bhagwan Nayak v. State of Gujarat

Country: India
Year: 2006
Court: High Court - Gujarat
Citation: (2007) 1 GLR 796
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Infectious diseases, Poverty, Prisons, Public safety, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to family life, Right to health, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life, Right to privacy
Facts:

The petitioner was challenging an order of detention for allegedly engaging in trafficking of women and girls. The grounds of the order were that petitioner was an “immoral traffic offender” which is “a person who habitually commits or abets the commission of any offence under the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Assault, Children, Contraception, Criminalization, Custody, Detention, Examination, Family planning, HIV, Minor, Poor, Sex workers, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Underprivileged
Download Judgment: English

Rosaria Mashita Katakwe v. Hakasenke, et al.

Country: Zambia
Year: 2006
Court: High Court for Zambia
Citation: 2006/HP/0327
Health Topics: Child and adolescent health, Health care and health services, HIV/AIDS, Sexual and reproductive health, Violence
Human Rights: Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, Right to bodily integrity, Right to liberty and security of person, Right to life
Facts:

Rosaria Mashita Katakwe, a 13-year-old girl, was raped by her teacher Edward Hakasenke. She developed a sexually transmitted infection as a result of the rape and tested for HIV/AIDS. The Headmaster of the school had been warned before with respect to a prior relationship of the teacher with another girl in the school. The defendant …Read more

Tags: AIDS, Children, Cruel and unusual punishment, Cruel treatment, Degrading treatment, Diagnostics, Examination, HIV, HIV positive, Humiliating treatment, Inhuman treatment, Minor, People living with HIV/AIDS, PLHIV, Rape, Sexual abuse, Sexual assault, Sexual violence, Sexually transmitted diseases, Sexually transmitted infections, STDs, STIs, Testing, Transmission, Violence against women
Download Judgment: English